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According to MGMAT SC: GMAT ignores the difference b/w

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Senior Manager
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According to MGMAT SC: GMAT ignores the difference b/w [#permalink] New post 11 Jul 2011, 04:51
According to MGMAT SC:
GMAT ignores the difference b/w Compared to and Compared with (same for Contrast) - that makes our life so much easier :D

Anyways, my 1st question - What's the difference in meaning between the following 2?
1. Compared to horses, zebras are vicious.
2. In contrast to horses, zebras are vicious.

Question 2: Why is this wrong (MGMAT SC says)? Compared to horses, zebras are MORE vicious.

Question 3: Does it matter if the participle phrase appear in the 2nd half of the sentence? I mean is this correct - Zebras are vicious compared to horses.

Thanks.
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Re: Compare vs Contrast [#permalink] New post 19 Jul 2011, 07:24
abhicoolmax wrote:
According to MGMAT SC:
GMAT ignores the difference b/w Compared to and Compared with (same for Contrast) - that makes our life so much easier :D

Anyways, my 1st question - What's the difference in meaning between the following 2?
1. Compared to horses, zebras are vicious.
2. In contrast to horses, zebras are vicious.

Question 2: Why is this wrong (MGMAT SC says)? Compared to horses, zebras are MORE vicious.

Question 3: Does it matter if the participle phrase appear in the 2nd half of the sentence? I mean is this correct - Zebras are vicious compared to horses.

Thanks.


answer 1 :

The statement 2 should be used when we are showing a characteristic which is not present in one member.
i.e. horses are not vicious, but zebras are.

Asnwer 2:

to show comparison between unlike things, compare to is used.
to show comparison between like things, compare with is used.

We are not comparing zebras and horses in terms of viciousness, hence "compare" is not required. "In contrast" will be better.

Answer 3: Yes. but a correct comparision should be made i.e. comparative or superlative .

Zebras are more vicious compared to horses.
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Re: Compare vs Contrast [#permalink] New post 19 Jul 2011, 09:22
I would put it in this way

to project similarities between like/unlike things, compare to is used.
to project dissimilarities between like/unlike things, compare with is used.


in your example

1. Compared to horses, zebras are vicious.

Although Horses and Zebras are same kind of animals, this sentence is emphasizing on one of the characteristics that horses do not possess.

So correct answer should have 'compared with'

your third question

Question 3: Does it matter if the participle phrase appear in the 2nd half of the sentence? I mean is this correct - Zebras are vicious compared to horses.

Answer: Yes it does, atleast in GMAT (unless you find a more sever error), to emphasize on the contrast between two things, its always better to start the sentence with contrast words (unlike, despite of, although etc.).
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Re: Compare vs Contrast   [#permalink] 19 Jul 2011, 09:22
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