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# According to psychoanalytic theory, people have unconscious

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Re: CR: Psychoanalytic [#permalink]

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14 Mar 2011, 20:49
Minheequang wrote:
scthakur wrote:
It took a while to understand that it is an assumption question and not an inference question.

Answer is clearly D.

Why is it an assumption question ? From which evidence stated in the question ? Can you give me a clearer explanation ?

If it is an assumption, yes, D is the best, obviously

I am also confused, why it is an assumption question. According to me it is an must be true question because we have been told to take the stimulus as such whereas in assumption questions we are suppose to take the answer choices as such. I think, it is a must be true question but answer choices are created in a manner that it looks like an assumption question since D is not only paraphrasing but combination answer. Options A, B & C are wrong because they are out of scope. Between D and E, E is also out of scope because nowhere in the stimulus it is talked about the mechanism of repression, So we are only left with D which must be true.
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Re: CR: Psychoanalytic [#permalink]

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15 Mar 2011, 07:00
To me it seems the answer is D
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Re: CR: Psychoanalytic [#permalink]

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15 Mar 2011, 19:51
priyankur_saha@ml.com wrote:
Premise: Repression kept conscious thought from being unconscious.
Premise: Recent Research shows that decrease in anxiety reveals those unconsciousness.

I think that this should be an inference question because Assumption question must have a clear conclusion.

(A) Changes in the patient’s anxiety level during therapy can generally be used as an accurate measure of the extent to which the patient is becoming conscious of previously repressed beliefs.
-- Too much specific "accurate measure"
(B) Even when one of a patient’s unconscious beliefs remains unconscious, researchers are sometimes able to discover this belief.
-- this is nowhere mentioned.
(C) If psychoanalytic theory is correct, then most conscious beliefs originate as unconscious beliefs.
-- Again too specific.
(D) Researchers were able to distinguish expressed beliefs that had previously been unconscious from those that had long been conscious but that the patient had not previously expressed.
-- Yes. OA is the same
(E) Although the beliefs on which the mechanism of repression works are all unconscious, the operation of the mechanism itself is something of which patients are consciously aware. -- New information OOS

nice explanation! it was btw (C) and (D) for me, i picked (C)
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Re: CR: Psychoanalytic [#permalink]

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12 May 2011, 12:36
Straightforward. D.
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Re: CR: Psychoanalytic [#permalink]

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12 May 2011, 22:47
D has to be the answer , and the questions is not so straightforward as was claimed by someone.
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Re: CR: Psychoanalytic [#permalink]

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12 May 2011, 23:02
Between options B and D, I went for B as D looked more of an assumption answer choice.
B is subtle and can be inferred from the argument.
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Re: CR: Psychoanalytic [#permalink]

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14 Aug 2011, 15:01
+1 D
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Re: CR: Psychoanalytic [#permalink]

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27 Sep 2011, 22:40
GMATaddict wrote:
priyankur_saha@ml.com wrote:
I've got this one right but I am posting here to know whether my reasoning was correct. Please provide your explanation.

According to psychoanalytic theory, people have unconscious beliefs that are kept from becoming conscious by a psychological mechanism termed “repression.” Researchers investigating the nature of this mechanism observed occasions on which a patient undergoing therapy became aware of and expressed a previously unconscious belief. They found that such occasions were marked by an unusual decrease in the patient’s level of anxiety.
If the information above is true, and if the researchers’ investigation was properly conducted, then which of the following must also be true?
(A) Changes in the patient’s anxiety level during therapy can generally be used as an accurate measure of the extent to which the patient is becoming conscious of previously repressed beliefs.
(B) Even when one of a patient’s unconscious beliefs remains unconscious, researchers are sometimes able to discover this belief.
(C) If psychoanalytic theory is correct, then most conscious beliefs originate as unconscious beliefs.
(D) Researchers were able to distinguish expressed beliefs that had previously been unconscious from those that had long been conscious but that the patient had not previously expressed.
(E) Although the beliefs on which the mechanism of repression works are all unconscious, the operation of the mechanism itself is something of which patients are consciously aware.

I think (A) is the best. It seems consistent with the original info that suggests changes in anxiety level --> changes in repression mechanism --> awareness of unconscious belief

(B) The original info suggests patients EXPRESSED beliefs AFTER becoming aware of them, so this cannot be concluded from the info.
(C) Can't be determined by info.
(D) can't be determined
(E) don't know, can't be determined.

Why A is not an answer? Because the decrease of anxiety level may be a sign of previously unconscious beliefs but not "an accurate measure of the extent."
Why not B? Because the stimulus said nothing about "discovering unconscious beliefs" when they still remains unconscious.
Why not C or E? No information given.
Why D? In the stimulus, as a conclusion, researchers FOUND that the level of anxiety decreases unusually WHEN the patient becomes aware of previously unconscious belief. Therefore, by unusual decrease they can distinguish what has been unconscious from what has been conscious but not expressed.
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Re: CR: Psychoanalytic [#permalink]

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28 Sep 2011, 02:06
I don't understand how it is an assumption question. I was confused between D and E and chose E because my understanding of the question says that its an inference question and E is the closest.
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Re: CR: Psychoanalytic [#permalink]

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11 May 2012, 23:01
bibha wrote:
D is fine. But, can anyone explain...what is wrong with E?

(E) Although the beliefs on which the mechanism of repression works are all unconscious, the operation of the mechanism itself is some thing of which patients are consciously aware.

we cannot say that patients are aware about how the mechanism operates. They just become aware about their previously unconscious beliefs.
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Re: CR: Psychoanalytic [#permalink]

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19 Mar 2013, 14:41
This one is not assumption, but inference question. Assumption is a hidden premise that must be true for a conclusion to hold true. But there's no conclusion here, only fact sets.
P1: unconscious belief # conscious belief.
P2: When a patient is aware of and expresses unconscious belief, researchers see there's a reduce of patient's anxiety.

Combine two premises above.
Inference: researchers can distinguish unconscious belief from conscious one. Answer D indicates that.

bigfernhead wrote:
I think this is an inference question, and i still came with D.

scthakur wrote:
It took a while to understand that it is an assumption question and not an inference question.

Answer is clearly D.

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Re: According to psychoanalytic theory, people have unconscious [#permalink]

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23 Mar 2013, 10:59
The question is not 100% percent Inference types but certainly this is not an assumption question as there is no conclusion in the argument. moreover following techniques of identifying an assumption will only do mess..The best way IMO is to treat it as must be true question and reach D by POE
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Re: According to psychoanalytic theory, people have unconscious [#permalink]

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09 Apr 2013, 06:05
Answer is D.

You can eliminate A and E immediately then D is the only answer that addresses information specific to the passage.
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Re: According to psychoanalytic theory, people have unconscious [#permalink]

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04 Jul 2014, 07:48
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Re: According to psychoanalytic theory, people have unconscious [#permalink]

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11 Jul 2015, 10:32
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

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Re: According to psychoanalytic theory, people have unconscious [#permalink]

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29 Aug 2016, 09:47
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Re: According to psychoanalytic theory, people have unconscious [#permalink]

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26 Sep 2016, 01:59
sayantanc2k
Could u please take this one?
The OA (D) looks more like an assumption. Also shed light on the difference between assumption and inference with respect to this argument.
Re: According to psychoanalytic theory, people have unconscious   [#permalink] 26 Sep 2016, 01:59

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