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According to psychoanalytic theory, people have unconscious

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According to psychoanalytic theory, people have unconscious [#permalink] New post 05 Aug 2010, 00:42
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58% (02:55) correct 42% (02:26) wrong based on 149 sessions
According to psychoanalytic theory, people have unconscious beliefs that are kept from becoming conscious by a psychological mechanism termed “repression.” Researchers investigating the nature of this mechanism observed occasions on which a patient undergoing therapy became aware of and expressed a previously unconscious belief. They found that such occasions were marked by an unusual decrease in the patient’s level of anxiety.

If the information above is true, and if the researchers’ investigation was properly conducted, then which of the following must also be true?

(A) Changes in the patient’s anxiety level during therapy can generally be used as an accurate measure of the extent to which the patient is becoming conscious of previously repressed beliefs.
(B) Even when one of a patient’s unconscious beliefs remains unconscious, researchers are sometimes able to discover this belief.
(C) If psychoanalytic theory is correct, then most conscious beliefs originate as unconscious beliefs.
(D) Researchers were able to distinguish expressed beliefs that had previously been unconscious from those that had long been conscious but that the patient had not previously expressed.
(E) Although the beliefs on which the mechanism of repression works are all unconscious, the operation of the mechanism itself is something of which patients are consciously aware.


Source: GMAT Paper Test No. 55
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
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Re: Repressed Beliefs [#permalink] New post 05 Aug 2010, 09:33
Good question. I got for D, not to mention - this question was already posted by somebody!! :-)
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Re: Repressed Beliefs [#permalink] New post 05 Aug 2010, 17:15
D for me.
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Re: Repressed Beliefs [#permalink] New post 08 Aug 2010, 04:37
how in the world can OA be D ?
the passage does not talk about distinction between unconscious and concious beliefs. The argument is basically concerned about unconscious beliefs.

Option A is kind of on par with the argument. A points out that when a patient becomes concious of a previously repressed belief, patients anxity level changes. A would have been precise had it mentioned about decrease in patient’s level of anxiety instead of changes in anxity level.
A is not strongly convincing either which is unconvincing due to the fact that change in anxity could be either increased or decreased.

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Re: Repressed Beliefs [#permalink] New post 08 Aug 2010, 13:20
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" unconscious beliefs that are kept from becoming conscious" are referred to as repressed beliefs. When a patient goes through therapy, the patient becomes aware of the unconscious belief and expresses them.

In order for the last claim to be true, the therapist must be able to distinguish between conscious beliefs that have not been expressed yet and unconscious belief that the patient became aware of and expressed.

tryingharder, i don't think the issue is between unconscious of conscious beliefs. The questions says the patient became aware of and expressed repressed beliefs.
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Re: Repressed Beliefs [#permalink] New post 08 Aug 2010, 21:21
Can someone explain carefully why each answer is incorrect and correct.
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Re: Repressed Beliefs [#permalink] New post 03 Mar 2011, 23:43
Gryphon wrote:
According to psychoanalytic theory, people have unconscious beliefs that are kept from becoming conscious by a psychological mechanism termed “repression.” Researchers investigating the nature of this mechanism observed occasions on which a patient undergoing therapy became aware of and expressed a previously unconscious belief. They found that such occasions were marked by an unusual decrease in the patient’s level of anxiety.

If the information above is true, and if the researchers’ investigation was properly conducted, then which of the following must also be true?

(A) Changes in the patient’s anxiety level during therapy can generally be used as an accurate measure of the extent to which the patient is becoming conscious of previously repressed beliefs.--> an observation happens A (concious + expressed) happens then B (anxiety decrease) happens, It doesnt need to be a must
(B) Even when one of a patient’s unconscious beliefs remains unconscious, researchers are sometimes able to discover this belief.
(C) If psychoanalytic theory is correct, then most conscious beliefs originate as unconscious beliefs.irrelevant
(D) Researchers were able to distinguish expressed beliefs that had previously been unconscious from those that had long been conscious but that the patient had not previously expressed. if researchers couldnt define whether the patient's belief is conscious or not before this patient can express it then this fact will destroy the argument
(E) Although the beliefs on which the mechanism of repression works are all unconscious, the operation of the mechanism itself is something of which patients are consciously aware.irrelevant


Source: GMAT Paper Test No. 55


I pick D after spending 6 minutes. How poorly i performed.

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Re: Repressed Beliefs [#permalink] New post 30 Apr 2011, 00:44
took me 2:09 minutes to get to D, A can be discarded because it talks about 'changes' not about reduction in anxiety level . A seems to establish (direct) proportionality as a relationship between change in anxiety level and consciousness of the patient in understanding repressed belief.

shell game again.

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Re: According to psychoanalytic theory, people have unconscious [#permalink] New post 03 Dec 2011, 02:44
“According to psychoanalytic theory, people have unconscious beliefs that are kept from becoming conscious by a psychological mechanism termed repression.”

From this we know there are two situations, unconscious and conscious.

Situation (A)
“Researchers investigating the nature of this mechanism observed occasions on which a patient undergoing therapy became aware of and expressed a previously unconscious belief” – this is one of our premise, which explains situation A.

Situation (B)
By deductive logic, we infer there are other occasions when people consciously inhibit their expressions and emotions.

Situation (A) -Results
“They found that such occasions were marked by an unusual decrease in the patient’s level of anxiety”

Situation (B) Results
By deductive logic, we infer a different set of results from situation (B), where there is an impedance of expressions and which causes heart rate to rise suddenly.

Reseachers are differentiating these two conditions.

(A) is wrong because “..accurate measure of the extent…” is no where in the stimulus.

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Re: According to psychoanalytic theory, people have unconscious [#permalink] New post 06 Dec 2011, 06:30
Argument: Researchers investigating the nature of this mechanism observed occasions on which a patient undergoing therapy became aware of and expressed a previously unconscious belief. They found that such occasions were marked by an unusual decrease in the patient’s level of anxiety.

My boldface is what mentioned in choice D. So, choice D is easy correct answer.
(D) Researchers were able to distinguish expressed beliefs that had previously been unconscious from those that had long been conscious but that the patient had not previously expressed.

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Re: According to psychoanalytic theory, people have unconscious [#permalink] New post 22 Dec 2011, 02:41
this seems to be a 700+ level question....isn't it?

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Re: According to psychoanalytic theory, people have unconscious [#permalink] New post 22 Dec 2011, 08:29
IMO D
3:10
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Re: According to psychoanalytic theory, people have unconscious [#permalink] New post 26 Dec 2011, 05:55
D
had to spend too much time
this is a problem with scientific/biological question for me
Re: According to psychoanalytic theory, people have unconscious   [#permalink] 26 Dec 2011, 05:55
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