According to public health officials, in 1998 Massachusetts became the first state in which more babies were born to women over the age of thirty than
It is important to understand the intended meaning of the sentence
• This sentence presents comparison. We need to find out what are the entities that are compared here.
• In 1998, Massachusetts became the first state in which more babies were born to woman who were over the age of 30 than to those woman who were under the age of 30.
• The entities compared here the woman over 30 and woman under 30.
Now let’s see what the Errors
are in this sentence:
Now there is just one word underlined in this sentence. The idiom used in this sentence is “…more babies are born to X than Y”. Here X and Y should be parallel.
X = woman over the age of thirty (noun phrase)
Y = (woman) under it (it = the age of thirty)
Since bot the entities are parallel here, there is no error in this sentence.PoE:
A. than: Correct
for the reason stated above.
B. than born: Incorrect.
This choice leads to illogical comparison. Per this choice, entity Y = (babies) born under it (it = the age of thirty). This means the babies were under the age of 30. This is absolutely non-sensical.
C. than they were: Incorrect.
Firstly, pronoun “they” is ambiguous here. If “they” refers to “babies”, then also it leads to illogical meaning and if “they” refers to “women”, then also lead to illogical meaning.
D. than there had been: Incorrect.
This choice uses the incorrect verb tense as well as presents illogical comparison.
E. than had been born: Inocrrect.
This choice repeats the verb tense error of choice D and illogical comparison error of choice B.
Hope this helps.
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