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According to some economists, Japan is in danger of plunging [#permalink]
21 Jul 2007, 11:38
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49. According to some economists, Japan is in danger of plunging into a depression that, with double-digit unemployment, could severely strain a society that regards lifetime employment as a virtual right of citizenship.
(A) that, with double-digit unemployment, could severely strain
(B) that, because of double-digit unemployment, could be a severe strain for
(C) with double-digit unemployment, and it could severely strain
(D) with double-digit unemployment and could be a severe strain
(E) with double-digit unemployment and could severely strain
"That" is a restrictive modifier like BMW said. However, in A, it makes it sound that the depression itself has double-digit unemployment. In B, the "that, because of double-digit unemployment, could..." does a good job of modifying the depression PLUS the fact of double-digit unemployment, will put a strain on society.
I think the key is to separate the depression and unemployment clearly. BECAUSE of the double-digit unemployment, the depression's impact on society will be especially big. The main point of the passage is about the depression's impact on society. B shows/adds strength to WHY the depression's impact will be significant.
I also choose A and used following logic to delete B- B uses severe, which is adjective to modify the strain which is another adjective. Hence wrong.
How is this approach?
In this context, "strain" is a noun like "challenge",etc. In A, "strain" acts as a verb so there is a difference on how these two options use "strain". But "could be a severe strain for...." is grammatically fine.