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According to the Federal Trade Commission, the recent

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According to the Federal Trade Commission, the recent [#permalink] New post 05 Oct 2012, 02:24
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Question Stats:

85% (01:37) correct 15% (01:05) wrong based on 34 sessions
According to the Federal Trade Commission, the recent increase in the amount of irrigation systems sold by foreign conglomerates in the United States has resulted in more expensive prices for the American consumer.

(a) amount of irrigation systems sold by foreign conglomerates in the United States has resulted in more expensive
(b) number of irrigation systems sold by foreign conglomerates in the United States has resulted in higher
(c) numbers of irrigation systems sold by foreign conglomerates in the United States has resulted in higher
(d) number of irrigation systems sold by foreign conglomerates in the United States has resulted in more expensive
(e) amount of irrigation systems sold by foreign conglomerates in the United States has resulted in higher




[Reveal] Spoiler:
The original sentence uses the incorrect quantity expression “the amount” rather than the appropriate “the number” to describe the countable noun “systems.” The construction “the amount” can be used to describe only non-countable nouns, such as “water,” “ice,” and “information,” while "the number" can be used to describe countable nouns. Furthermore, the original sentence uses the incorrect expression “more expensive” to describe “prices.” While goods or services can be more or less expensive, their prices can be only higher or lower.

For example, you wouldn't say "This price is more expensive than that one"; instead, you would say "This price is higher than that one."

• (A) This choice is incorrect as it repeats the original sentence.

• (B) CORRECT. This answer choice supplies the proper quantitative expression “the number” to refer to the countable noun “systems” and replaces the incorrect phrase “more expensive” with the proper adjective “higher” that should be used to describe “prices.”

• (C) This answer choice uses the incorrect phrase "the numbers of." Correct phrases can include the plural "a number of" or the singular "the number of" (which is the correct usage in this sentence) but will never include "the numbers of."

• (D) This answer choice uses the incorrect expression “more expensive” to describe “prices.” While goods or services can be more or less expensive, their prices can be only higher or lower.

• (E) This answer choice uses the incorrect quantity expression “the amount” rather than the appropriate “the number” to describe the countable noun “systems.” The construction “the amount” can be used to describe only non-countable nouns, such as “water,” “ice,” and “information.”
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: According to the Federal Trade Commission [#permalink] New post 17 Oct 2012, 08:16
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yashii9 wrote:
According to the Federal Trade Commission, the recent increase in the amount of irrigation systems sold by foreign conglomerates in the United States has resulted in more expensive prices for the American consumer.

(a) amount of irrigation systems sold by foreign conglomerates in the United States has resulted in more expensive
(b) number of irrigation systems sold by foreign conglomerates in the United States has resulted in higher
(c) numbers of irrigation systems sold by foreign conglomerates in the United States has resulted in higher
(d) number of irrigation systems sold by foreign conglomerates in the United States has resulted in more expensive
(e) amount of irrigation systems sold by foreign conglomerates in the United States has resulted in higher


original choice has 2 errors -
1. irrigation systems are count nouns and amount is the incorrect word we need "number of" - eliminate A,E
2. the non underline part has the word prices - therefore the underlined part can not end with expensive - its redundant -eliminate D

In choice C- "numbers of" is an incorrect phase and should never be used in GMAT. Eliminate choice C.

Correct answer is B.


One doubt : Comparitive word must be followed by THAN. Is it ? None of the answers have THAN. Can you explain in detail the usage of comparitive words.

Thanks.
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Re: According to the Federal Trade Commission [#permalink] New post 05 Oct 2012, 02:48
According to the Federal Trade Commission, the recent increase in the amount of irrigation systems sold by foreign conglomerates in the United States has resulted in more expensive prices for the American consumer.

(a) amount of irrigation systems sold by foreign conglomerates in the United States has resulted in more expensive
(b) number of irrigation systems sold by foreign conglomerates in the United States has resulted in higher
(c) numbers of irrigation systems sold by foreign conglomerates in the United States has resulted in higher
(d) number of irrigation systems sold by foreign conglomerates in the United States has resulted in more expensive
(e) amount of irrigation systems sold by foreign conglomerates in the United States has resulted in higher


original choice has 2 errors -
1. irrigation systems are count nouns and amount is the incorrect word we need "number of" - eliminate A,E
2. the non underline part has the word prices - therefore the underlined part can not end with expensive - its redundant -eliminate D

In choice C- "numbers of" is an incorrect phase and should never be used in GMAT. Eliminate choice C.

Correct answer is B.
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Re: According to the Federal Trade Commission [#permalink] New post 05 Oct 2012, 03:08
Expert's post
yashii9 covers almost all the things here!
Just a note that "expensive" can be an adjective for stuffs.
For e.g: I wear an expensive watch.
However "expensive" sounds ridiculous when it acts as an adjective for prices.
For e.g: Iphone's expensive price will lead to increased android market share.
This is clearly redundant.
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Re: According to the Federal Trade Commission, the recent [#permalink] New post 19 Oct 2012, 22:35
I too have the same doubt @ananthrajavadhuta
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Re: According to the Federal Trade Commission, the recent [#permalink] New post 20 Oct 2012, 00:15
Expert's post
Hey!
Than is used for bipartisan comparisons.
For example
I have more watches than him.
But for a generic statement than is not necessary.
For example: Recent hike in petrol prices forces people to pay more for the same distance.
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Re: According to the Federal Trade Commission, the recent   [#permalink] 20 Oct 2012, 00:15
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