According to the teachings of the Buddhist and Hindu : GMAT Sentence Correction (SC)
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# According to the teachings of the Buddhist and Hindu

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According to the teachings of the Buddhist and Hindu [#permalink]

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21 Aug 2012, 08:11
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According to the teachings of the Buddhist and Hindu religions, attaining nirvana is to enter a state of supreme liberation, leaving behind the desires that perpetuate the cycle of death and rebirth.

(A) attaining nirvana is to enter
(B) to attain nirvana is entering
(C) to attain nirvana is
(D) to attain nirvana is to enter
(E) attaining nirvana is to be entering

The answer is given as D and my doubt is why using "Attaining ..." as answer choice is incorrect. Can someone please help me with this ?
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21 Aug 2012, 08:21
dineesha wrote:
According to the teachings of the Buddhist and Hindu religions, attaining nirvana is to enter a state of supreme liberation, leaving behind the desires that perpetuate the cycle of death and rebirth.

(A) attaining nirvana is to enter
(B) to attain nirvana is entering
(C) to attain nirvana is
(D) to attain nirvana is to enter
(E) attaining nirvana is to be entering

The answer is given as D and my doubt is why using "Attaining ..." as answer choice is incorrect. Can someone please help me with this ?

Dineesha, This is a Parallelism Question.

If you break down this part "To attain nirvana is to enter X" you can rephrase it like ................ "To attain nirvana = entering X" It is a comparison and hence the two parts being compared have to be parallel.

So the answer haas to be either
Attaning nirvana is entering X
To attain Nirvana is to enter X .. Only this option is given . This is also idiomatic usage.
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21 Aug 2012, 10:16
How about the latter part of the question? "leaving behind the desires that perpetuate the cycle of death and rebirth"? Shouldn't "enter" be parallel with "leaving"?
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21 Aug 2012, 11:21
plui31 wrote:
How about the latter part of the question? "leaving behind the desires that perpetuate the cycle of death and rebirth"? Shouldn't "enter" be parallel with "leaving"?

The later part i.e. ing modifier is modifying the preceding clause before comma. The ing modifier describes how it happens.

For more clarity pls refer usage-of-verb-ing-modifiers-135220.html#p1101074
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21 Aug 2012, 11:32
SOURH7WK wrote:
plui31 wrote:
How about the latter part of the question? "leaving behind the desires that perpetuate the cycle of death and rebirth"? Shouldn't "enter" be parallel with "leaving"?

The later part i.e. ing modifier is modifying the preceding clause before comma. The ing modifier describes how it happens.

For more clarity pls refer usage-of-verb-ing-modifiers-135220.html#p1101074

Therefore, there's no parallelism required?
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Re: According to the teachings of the Buddhist and Hindu [#permalink]

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25 Aug 2012, 02:17
Attaining is not either giving additional information nor a result of the previous clause.
Attaining cannot be used here as a modifier.
So we are left with three option out of which to X is to Y is idiomatic.
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Re: According to the teachings of the Buddhist and Hindu [#permalink]

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25 Aug 2012, 05:13
According to the teachings of the Buddhist and Hindu religions, to nirvana is to enter a state of supreme liberation, leaving behind the desires that perpetuate the cycle of death and rebirth.
"To nirvana" must be parallel to "to enter"
(A) attaining nirvana is to enter -> "attaining nirvana" doesn't parallel to "to enter"
(B) to attain nirvana is entering -> "to attain" doesn't parallel to "is entering"
(C) to attain nirvana is -> misleading the meaning
(D) to attain nirvana is to enter -> correct
(E) attaining nirvana is to be entering -> actually not parallel at all because "attaining" is active but "be entering" is passive.
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Re: According to the teachings of the Buddhist and Hindu [#permalink]

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26 Aug 2012, 21:05
According to the teachings of the Buddhist and Hindu religions, attaining nirvana is to enter a state of supreme liberation, leaving behind the desires that perpetuate the cycle of death and rebirth.

(A) attaining nirvana is to enter – ing is not parallel to “to enter”
(B) to attain nirvana is entering– ing is not parallel to “to attain”
(C) to attain nirvana is – not parallel
(D) to attain nirvana is to enter – Correct
(E) attaining nirvana is to be entering - Wrong
Re: According to the teachings of the Buddhist and Hindu   [#permalink] 26 Aug 2012, 21:05
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# According to the teachings of the Buddhist and Hindu

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