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# According to the Tristate Transportation Authority, making

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According to the Tristate Transportation Authority, making [#permalink]  16 May 2011, 09:54
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According to the Tristate Transportation Authority, making certain improvements to the main commuter rail line
would increase ridership dramatically. The authority plans to finance these improvements over the course of five
years by raising automobile tolls on the two high-way bridges along the route the rail line serves. Although the
proposed improvements are indeed needed, the authority’s plan for securing the necessary funds should be
rejected because it would unfairly force drivers to absorb the entire cost of something from which they receive no
benefit.

1.. Which of the following, if true, would cast the most doubt on the effectiveness of the authority’s plan to
finance the proposed improvements by increasing bridge tolls?
(A) Before the authority increases tolls on any of the area bridges, it is required by law to hold public hearings at
which objections to the proposed increase can be raised.
(B) Whenever bridge tolls are increased, the authority must pay a private contractor to adjust the automated
toll-collecting machines.
(C) Between the time a proposed toll increase is announced and the time the increase is actually put into effect,
many commuters buy more tokens than usual to postpone the effects of the increase.
(D) When tolls were last increased on the two bridges in question, almost 20 percent of the regular commuter
traffic switched to a slightly longer alternative route that has since been improved.
(E) The chairman of the authority is a member of the Tristate Automobile Club that has registered strong
opposition to the proposed toll increase.

2. Which of the following, if true, would provide the authority with the strongest counter to the objection that its
plan is unfair?
(A) Even with the proposed toll increase, the average bridge toll in the tristate region would remain less than the
tolls charged in neighboring states.
(B) Any attempt to finance the improvements by raising rail fares would result in a decrease in ridership and so
would be self-defeating.
(C) Automobile commuters benefit from well-maintained bridges, and in the tristate region bridge maintenance
is funded out of general income tax revenues to which both automobile and rail commuters contribute.
(D) The roads along the route served by the rail line are highly congested and drivers benefit when commuters
are diverted from congested roadways to mass transit.
(E) The only alternative way of funding the proposed improvements now being considered is through a regional
income tax surcharge, which would affect automobile commuters and rail commuters alike.

will provide the OA later on.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Last edited by ankurgupta03 on 26 Feb 2014, 01:25, edited 1 time in total.
added the OA. Same OA for both
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Re: total time for both the questions-120 sec. [#permalink]  16 May 2011, 10:05
Its a clean D in 1. D gives a reason that earlier it was 20% people and now since the roads have improved the percentage might increase.Thereby a loss in fact.

Its again a D, which comes close to helping the drivers mentioned in the conclusion. It clearly shows that drivers are benefited in a way. So pretty clean choices these are.

I am way of the timing right now.

2 min and 30 sec total.
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Re: total time for both the questions-120 sec. [#permalink]  16 May 2011, 19:00
It is D for both the questions.
2 min 4 secs.
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Re: total time for both the questions-120 sec. [#permalink]  11 Sep 2011, 07:37
Both are D
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Re: total time for both the questions-120 sec. [#permalink]  11 Sep 2011, 08:13
i'd beg to differ...

1. C
2. D
in 2 mins..

C because.. if 20 % of the people drop but the toll price is raised greater than that.. the bridge will still manage to make money more than it would have on its current price..

what are the OA's?
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Re: total time for both the questions-120 sec. [#permalink]  11 Sep 2011, 08:32
D for both.

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Re: According to the Tristate Transportation Authority, making [#permalink]  28 Dec 2011, 07:38
Even I say C and D.
OAs?
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Re: According to the Tristate Transportation Authority, making [#permalink]  30 Dec 2011, 11:56
siddharthmuzumdar wrote:
Even I say C and D.
OAs?

will go for D and C actually. C for the second question because the unfairness in the argument is about the road commuters contributing tolls towards rail improvement when they are not using it. So, if it can be shown that the bridge these road commuters drive upon also benefit by a share of the tax payed by the rail-users, then it creates a strong counter to the road commuters argument.

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Re: According to the Tristate Transportation Authority, making [#permalink]  30 Dec 2011, 21:02
1.D,If out of every 100,20 choose not to cross the railway bridge and choose an alternative path the plan's effectiveness will reduce.
2.D,Even the road commuters are benefited from this plan as they don't have to travel on congested roadways and just slight increase of toll tax will not diminish the effectiveness of the railway bridge.
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Re: According to the Tristate Transportation Authority, making [#permalink]  12 Jul 2012, 20:08
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Expert's post
garimavyas wrote:
According to the Tristate Transportation Authority, making certain improvements to the main commuter rail line
would increase ridership dramatically. The authority plans to finance these improvements over the course of five
years by raising automobile tolls on the two high-way bridges along the route the rail line serves. Although the
proposed improvements are indeed needed, the authority’s plan for securing the necessary funds should be
rejected because it would unfairly force drivers to absorb the entire cost of something from which they receive no
benefit.

1.. Which of the following, if true, would cast the most doubt on the effectiveness of the authority’s plan to
finance the proposed improvements by increasing bridge tolls?
(A) Before the authority increases tolls on any of the area bridges, it is required by law to hold public hearings at
which objections to the proposed increase can be raised.
(B) Whenever bridge tolls are increased, the authority must pay a private contractor to adjust the automated
toll-collecting machines.
(C) Between the time a proposed toll increase is announced and the time the increase is actually put into effect,
many commuters buy more tokens than usual to postpone the effects of the increase.
(D) When tolls were last increased on the two bridges in question, almost 20 percent of the regular commuter
traffic switched to a slightly longer alternative route that has since been improved.
(E) The chairman of the authority is a member of the Tristate Automobile Club that has registered strong
opposition to the proposed toll increase.

Responding to a pm:

The plan is to finance the improvements by increasing the toll on 2 highway bridges. What casts doubt on the plan?
The plan will be in trouble if the increase does not lead to increased collection.

Option (C) says that commuters can 'postpone' the effects of the increase. So it may take a little longer to get in the increased collection but you probably will see the increase.

Option (D) says that commuters switch to another route when toll is increased. So the overall collection may be actually less than before. This certainly casts doubt on the plan.

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Get started with Veritas Prep GMAT On Demand for $199 Veritas Prep Reviews Director Status: Final Countdown Joined: 17 Mar 2010 Posts: 564 Location: India GPA: 3.82 WE: Account Management (Retail Banking) Followers: 13 Kudos [?]: 169 [0], given: 75 Re: According to the Tristate Transportation Authority, making [#permalink] 12 Jul 2012, 22:02 Expert advise needed, 1st question is assumption ? D is the answer then, 2nd question is again D OA? _________________ " Make more efforts " Press Kudos if you liked my post Veritas Prep GMAT Instructor Joined: 16 Oct 2010 Posts: 5573 Location: Pune, India Followers: 1375 Kudos [?]: 7013 [0], given: 181 Re: According to the Tristate Transportation Authority, making [#permalink] 12 Jul 2012, 23:18 Expert's post thevenus wrote: Expert advise needed, 1st question is assumption ? D is the answer then, 2nd question is again D OA? No, the first question is a type of weaken question. You need to cast doubt on a plan i.e. weaken it. _________________ Karishma Veritas Prep | GMAT Instructor My Blog Get started with Veritas Prep GMAT On Demand for$199

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Re: According to the Tristate Transportation Authority, making [#permalink]  19 May 2013, 05:32
OA's haven't been posted fro 2011 post.

This is from OG-11 (Q114,Q115)

114. D
115 .D

These are OA's for respective questions

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According to the Tristate Transportation Authority [#permalink]  10 Jul 2013, 03:15
According to the Tristate Transportation Authority, making certain improvements to the main commuter rail line would increase ridership dramatically. The authority plans to finance these improvements over the course of five years by raising automobile tolls on the two high-way bridges along the route the rail line serves. Although the proposed improvements are indeed needed, the authority’s plan for securing the necessary funds should be rejected because it would unfairly force drivers to absorb the entire cost of something from which they receive no benefit.
Which of the following, if true, would cast the most doubt on the effectiveness of the authority’s plan to finance the proposed improvements by increasing bridge tolls?
(A) Before the authority increases tolls on any of the area bridges, it is required by law to hold public hearings at which objections to the proposed increase can be raised.
(B) Whenever bridge tolls are increased, the authority must pay a private contractor to adjust the automated toll-collecting machines.
(C) Between the time a proposed toll increase is announced and the time the increase is actually put into effect, many commuters buy more tokens than usual to postpone the effects of the increase.
(D) When tolls were last increased on the two bridges in question, almost 20 percent of the regular commuter traffic switched to a slightly longer alternative route that has since been improved.
(E) The chairman of the authority is a member of the Tristate Automobile Club that has registered strong opposition to the proposed toll increase.
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Re: According to the Tristate Transportation Authority, making [#permalink]  24 Feb 2014, 11:09
Hi,

I chose Option (E). Can anyone explain why it is wrong, please.
OE says Oppositions to increase the toll is expected; it does not mean that the plan is less effective…
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Re: According to the Tristate Transportation Authority, making [#permalink]  24 Feb 2014, 20:51
Expert's post
goodyear2013 wrote:
Hi,

I chose Option (E). Can anyone explain why it is wrong, please.
OE says Oppositions to increase the toll is expected; it does not mean that the plan is less effective…

"would cast the most doubt on the effectiveness of the authority’s plan...?"

We need to find a reason the plan will not be effective i.e. a reason why once the plan is brought into action, it will fail to provide the required collection. Taking small numbers, say if 100 people cross that bridge everyday and if the toll is increased by $20, the plan expects to collect$2000 per day for the rail line improvements.

(D) When tolls were last increased on the two bridges in question, almost 20 percent of the regular commuter
traffic switched to a slightly longer alternative route that has since been improved.

If many people switch their routes, the toll collected will not be according to expectations. Hence the plan may not be effective.

(E) The chairman of the authority is a member of the Tristate Automobile Club that has registered strong
opposition to the proposed toll increase.

The authority has proposed this plan. We are not concerned with who is supporting it and who is opposing it. What we need to do is find why the plan may not work once it is brought into action. A reason why it may not be effective. We are not concerned with whether it will actually be brought into action.
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Re: According to the Tristate Transportation Authority, making [#permalink]  07 May 2014, 19:01
I missed the first question, because I tried to weaken the speaker's argument of unfairness instead of the plan.
Re: According to the Tristate Transportation Authority, making   [#permalink] 07 May 2014, 19:01
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