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Acting on the recommendation of a British government

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Acting on the recommendation of a British government [#permalink] New post 08 Aug 2012, 13:41
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Acting on the recommendation of a British government committee investigating the high incidence in white lead factories of illness among employees, most of who were women, the Home Secretary proposed in 1895 that Parliament enact legislation that would prohibit women from holding most jobs in white lead factories. Although the Women's Industrial Defense Committee (WIDC), formed in 1892 in response to earlier legislative attempts to restrict women's labor, did not discount the white lead trade's potential health dangers, it opposed the proposal, viewing it as yet another instance of limiting women's work opportunities. Also opposing the proposal was the Society for Promoting the Employment of Women (SPEW), which attempted to challenge it by investigating the causes of illness in white lead factories. SPEW contended, and WIDC concurred, that controllable conditions in such factories were responsible for the development of lead poisoning. SPEW provided convincing evidence that lead poisoning could be avoided if workers were careful and clean and if already extant workplace safety regulations were stringently enforced. However, the Women's Trade Union League (WTUL), which had ceased in the late 1880s to oppose restrictions on women's labor, supported the eventually enacted proposal, in part because safety regulations were generally not being enforced in white lead factories, where there were no unions (and little prospect of any) to pressure employers to comply with safety regulations.

84. The passage suggests that WIDC differed from WTUL in which of the following ways?

(A) WIDC believed that the existing safety regulations were adequate to protect women's health, whereas WTUL believed that such regulations needed to be strengthened.
(B) WI DC believed that unions could not succeed in pressuring employers to comply with such regulations, whereas WTUL believed that unions could succeed in doing so.
(C) WIDC believed that lead poisoning in white lead factories could be avoided by controlling conditions there, whereas WTUL believed that lead poisoning in such factories could not be avoided no matter how stringently safety regulations were enforced.
(D) At the time that the legislation concerning white lead factories was proposed, WIDC was primarily concerned with addressing health conditions in white lead factories, whereas WTUL was concerned with improving working conditions in all types of factories.
(E) At the time that WIDC was opposing legislative attempts to restrict women's labor, WTUL had already ceased to do so.

85. Which of the following, if true, would most clearly support the contention attributed to SPEW in lines 17-20(bold)?

(A) Those white lead factories that most strongly enforced regulations concerning worker safety and hygiene had the lowest incidences of lead poisoning among employees.
(B) The incidence of lead poisoning was much higher among women who worked in white lead factories than among women who worked in other types of factories.
(C) There were many household sources of lead that could have contributed to the incidence of lead poisoning among women who also worked outside the home in the late nineteenth century.
(D) White lead factories were more stringent than were certain other types of factories in their enforcement of workplace safety regulations.
(E) Even brief exposure to the conditions typically found in white lead factories could cause lead poisoning among factory workers.

86. The passage is primarily concerned with

(A) presenting various groups' views of the motives of those proposing certain legislation
(B) contrasting the reasoning of various groups concerning their positions on certain proposed legislation
(C) tracing the process whereby certain proposed legislation was eventually enacted
(D) assessing the success of tactics adopted by various groups with respect to certain proposed legislation
(E) evaluating the arguments of various groups concerning certain proposed legislation



OAs:

84. E
85. A
86. B
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Re: Acting on the recommendation of a British government [#permalink] New post 02 Oct 2012, 22:54
MY answer
E
A
B

but i took 7 minutes to solve, fluidity in answsering and reading si not coming
pls suggest some method
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Re: Acting on the recommendation of a British government [#permalink] New post 03 Oct 2012, 08:50
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Can someone explain why option B is correct in 3rd question. What do we mean by "contrasting the reasoning"
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Re: Acting on the recommendation of a British government [#permalink] New post 02 Nov 2012, 05:10
How E in question 84?

can anyone plz explain...
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Re: Acting on the recommendation of a British government [#permalink] New post 06 Nov 2012, 07:05
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sanjoo wrote:
How E in question 84?

can anyone plz explain...


Hi, sanjoo,

Let me take a shot on it.

My strategy on verbal is to use process of elimination (POE) and use splits (usually the answer choices almost always boil down to a 3-2 split). So here we go.

Oh by the way, here is when note taking is very essential. You should note the differences among WIDC, SPEV and WTUL.

84. The passage suggests that WIDC differed from WTUL in which of the following ways?

(A) WIDC believed that the existing safety regulations were adequate to protect women's health, whereas WTUL believed that such regulations needed to be strengthened.

This is wrong. WTUL says that there are already regulations. They don't need to be strengthened. Factories should just implement them in order to make the workplace safer. So this is wrong.

(B) WI DC believed that unions could not succeed in pressuring employers to comply with such regulations, whereas WTUL believed that unions could succeed in doing so.

Again, the effectiveness of unions wasn't discussed in the passage. So this is automatic.

(C) WIDC believed that lead poisoning in white lead factories could be avoided by controlling conditions there, whereas WTUL believed that lead poisoning in such factories could not be avoided no matter how stringently safety regulations were enforced.

See, WTUL believed that leas poisoning in such factories COULD BE AVOIDED if and only if safety regulations were enforced. So eliminate this.

(D) At the time that the legislation concerning white lead factories was proposed, WIDC was primarily concerned with addressing health conditions in white lead factories, whereas WTUL was concerned with improving working conditions in all types of factories.

Again, if you check the passage, there wasn't any discussion with regards to WTUL's concern with improving working conditions in ALL TYPES OF FACTORIES. This is out of scope. Automatic elimination.


(E) At the time that WIDC was opposing legislative attempts to restrict women's labor, WTUL had already ceased to do so.

Of course I can't say that since 4 choices have already been eliminated then we should choose this. That is not learning. We have to prove that this answer choice is true. Now, this answer choice all boils down to chronology. WTUL ceased in 1880 whereas WIDC was founded in 1892. Isn't this the answer choice? :)

How about some Kudos Puhhhhlease? :D
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Re: Acting on the recommendation of a British government [#permalink] New post 06 Nov 2012, 07:08
vivekdixit07 wrote:
Can someone explain why option B is correct in 3rd question. What do we mean by "contrasting the reasoning"


I was stuck on the same question and after re-reading the answer choices I concur that B is correct.

The passage mainly deals with the stance that each group, namely SPEW, WIDC and WTUL, has taken regarding the proposed legislation. However, even though all three groups contend that the unsafe conditions in the factories cause White lead poisoning, as to why each of these groups oppose the proposal varies. For example, WIDC is opposing the aforementioned proposal because it aims to restrict employment for women, SPEW is opposing it from their stance that the factories cause the lead poisoning and finally, WTUL's approach is that unions aren't strong enough at the Lead factories in order to pressure the factories from maintaining safe standards. Therefore, all three organizations approach the same problem but from different angles.

Hope this made sense...
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Re: Acting on the recommendation of a British government [#permalink] New post 22 Jan 2013, 02:57
nmehta3 wrote:
vivekdixit07 wrote:
Can someone explain why option B is correct in 3rd question. What do we mean by "contrasting the reasoning"


I was stuck on the same question and after re-reading the answer choices I concur that B is correct.

The passage mainly deals with the stance that each group, namely SPEW, WIDC and WTUL, has taken regarding the proposed legislation. However, even though all three groups contend that the unsafe conditions in the factories cause White lead poisoning, as to why each of these groups oppose the proposal varies. For example, WIDC is opposing the aforementioned proposal because it aims to restrict employment for women, SPEW is opposing it from their stance that the factories cause the lead poisoning and finally, WTUL's approach is that unions aren't strong enough at the Lead factories in order to pressure the factories from maintaining safe standards. Therefore, all three organizations approach the same problem but from different angles.

Hope this made sense...



Can you explain what was wrong with E for this question??
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Re: Acting on the recommendation of a British government [#permalink] New post 22 Jan 2013, 12:13
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roopika2990 wrote:
nmehta3 wrote:
vivekdixit07 wrote:
Can someone explain why option B is correct in 3rd question. What do we mean by "contrasting the reasoning"


I was stuck on the same question and after re-reading the answer choices I concur that B is correct.

The passage mainly deals with the stance that each group, namely SPEW, WIDC and WTUL, has taken regarding the proposed legislation. However, even though all three groups contend that the unsafe conditions in the factories cause White lead poisoning, as to why each of these groups oppose the proposal varies. For example, WIDC is opposing the aforementioned proposal because it aims to restrict employment for women, SPEW is opposing it from their stance that the factories cause the lead poisoning and finally, WTUL's approach is that unions aren't strong enough at the Lead factories in order to pressure the factories from maintaining safe standards. Therefore, all three organizations approach the same problem but from different angles.

Hope this made sense...



Can you explain what was wrong with E for this question??


Option E talks about evaluating the arguements, but if you see there is no arguement going on here. Two groups concur on their decision to go against the ban. Its actually one problem with different ways to look at it. Hope this makes sense.


Kudos please if it helped you in any way!
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Re: Acting on the recommendation of a British government [#permalink] New post 24 Jan 2013, 23:32
easy passage
however the last question is not easy. it take me a long time to see the difference between b and e.
anyone has exerience on answering this king of question. pls explain.
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Re: Acting on the recommendation of a British government [#permalink] New post 25 Feb 2013, 21:03
84. The passage suggests that WIDC differed from WTUL in which of the following ways?

(A) WIDC believed that regulations were inadequate. False.
(B) WIDC is concerned about pressuring factories to improve regulations not unions. False.
(C) WTUL believed in improving conditions which is opposite the passage. False.
(D) This is just about white lead factories. False.
(E) Correct.

85. Which of the following, if true, would most clearly support the contention attributed to SPEW in lines 17-20(bold)?

SPEW believed in improving work conditions through regulations.

(A) Correct.
(B) We need something's about having or not having regulations.
(C) outside of scope.
(D) if the factories were already more stringent, this tends to weaken the claim.
(E) This shows the need for regulations but not support regulations could decrease illness incidents.

86. The passage is primarily concerned with

(A) motives were not tackled....
(B) the passage simply described reasoning . correct.
(C) process of enactment not tackled....
(D) their view were discussed but not tactics....
(E) arguments were mentioned but not evaluated
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Re: Acting on the recommendation of a British government [#permalink] New post 19 Aug 2014, 02:17
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Re: Acting on the recommendation of a British government [#permalink] New post 19 Aug 2014, 02:18
vivekdixit07 wrote:
Can someone explain why option B is correct in 3rd question. What do we mean by "contrasting the reasoning"



Same question here. And why it is not Option A
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Acting on the recommendation of a British government [#permalink] New post 02 Sep 2014, 20:55
OG13- 84-86. Time taken 8 mins.
Q3 Why not A?
(A) presenting various groups' views of the motives of those proposing certain legislation.
>> Involved parties are not sharing their views on the proposed legislation but not on the motives of the HS.
(B) contrasting the reasoning of various groups concerning their positions on certain proposed legislation
>> Yes All the 2 views of the involved parties WIDC and SPEW, and WTUL are compared in the argument.

BTW, even i selected A in rush but when i reread A and B , i found my mistake.A is only partly true not completely. Its pure game of words in A which i missed ,while answering the Q in rush. :(
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Acting on the recommendation of a British government   [#permalink] 02 Sep 2014, 20:55
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