Added to the increase in hourly wages requested last July, : GMAT Sentence Correction (SC)
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# Added to the increase in hourly wages requested last July,

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27 Jun 2005, 00:45
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Added to the increase in hourly wages requested last July, the railroad employees are now seeking an expanded program of retirement benefits
(A) Added to the increase in hourly wages requested last July, the railroad employees are now seeking an expanded program of retirement benefits.

(B) Added to the increase in hourly wages which had been requested last July, the employees of the railroad are now seeking an expanded program of retirement benefits.

(C) The railroad employees are now seeking an expanded program of retirement benefits added to the increase in hourly wages that were requested last July.

(D) In addition to the increase in hourly wages that were requested last July, the railroad employees are now seeking an expanded program of retirement benefits

(E) In addition to the increase in hourly wages requested last July, the employees of the railroad are now seeking an expanded program of retirement benefits.

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27 Jun 2005, 07:34
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A - Faulty comparison. "increase in wages" compared to "railroad employees"

B is out for the same reason

C,D - both wrong because - "that were requested" instead of "that was requested"

I'll go with E.

To be honest, if I was under time crunch, I could easily haveeliminated E because it said "employees of the railroad" instead of "railroad employees"
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27 Jun 2005, 07:52
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I will go with D on this..

(A) Added to the increase in hourly wages requested last July, the railroad employees are now seeking an expanded program of retirement benefits.

- Out. Seems to indicate that railroad employees added to the increase.

(B) Added to the increase in hourly wages which had been requested last July, the employees of the railroad are now seeking an expanded program of retirement benefits.
- Out. Same problem as A

(C) The railroad employees are now seeking an expanded program of retirement benefits added to the increase in hourly wages that were requested last July.

(D) In addition to the increase in hourly wages that were requested last July, the railroad employees are now seeking an expanded program of retirement benefits

I will stick with D.

(E) In addition to the increase in hourly wages requested last July, the employees of the railroad are now seeking an expanded program of retirement benefits.
- Nothing is wrong here but "the employees of the railroad" does not make sense.
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27 Jun 2005, 08:12
riteshgupta1,

In choice D, Do you think that "In addition to the increase in hourly wages that were requested "

is the correct use of pronouns?
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27 Jun 2005, 08:51
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i'll go with E,

increase is singular therefore we need to make sure "were" is not used.
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27 Jun 2005, 09:00
AJB77,

It has no pronoun problem but a singular/plural verb problem.

I agree that the answer should be E.

Why I picked D is to verify the concept of restrictive clause?

Here is what I saw,

that were requested is a restrictive clause modifying the "wages". I want to make sure from guys like you that the restrictive clause not only modifies the object of the prepositional phrase but a subject which is a combination of subject + PP.

For example,

One of the students who are studying biology is in my class.
Or
One of the students who is studying biology is in my class.

Now if you look at 1st example, Restrictive clause "who were studying biology" is modifying student(s) is correct.

In second, Restrictive clause "who is studying biology" is modifying student(s) is not correct because the restrictive clause is modifying students which is plural.
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27 Jun 2005, 09:31
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I will go with E

D - 'that' is modifying wages but the request cannot be made by 'wages', so IMO a singular verb is required.
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27 Jun 2005, 20:27
OA is E
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28 Jun 2005, 22:51
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AJB, ritesh is right. D is not wrong because of verb tense following "that". Instead, it could be wrong simply because it uses a restrictive clause instead of a shorter, participial phrase in E. However, E also has problems of its own like saying "employees of the railroad" which sounds very bad to say the least.
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29 Jun 2005, 02:54
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I am going to choose the best of the worst, and having said that the answer should be E.

Choices that begin with In addition to are more appropriate than the rest, because it conveys that the railroad employees asked for not only a pay increase last year, but also retirement benefits. This narrows the choice to D and E. The only problem I have with D is the use of "that were requested". Instead if choice D used "requested" I would have chosen D rightaway. E conveys the sense of meaning better, even though it is a little awkward.
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29 Jun 2005, 10:26
Paul, Ritesh:

Ritesh in your example of students... I think when you use "One" of the students you are talking about one particular student, this subject/object is singular therefore should'nt the modifying clause be singular and not plural...?

one of the students IS I think is correct?
vs one of the students are...if you use are then what is one referring to?

riteshgupta1 wrote:
AJB77,

It has no pronoun problem but a singular/plural verb problem.

I agree that the answer should be E.

Why I picked D is to verify the concept of restrictive clause?

Here is what I saw,

that were requested is a restrictive clause modifying the "wages". I want to make sure from guys like you that the restrictive clause not only modifies the object of the prepositional phrase but a subject which is a combination of subject + PP.

For example,

One of the students who are studying biology is in my class.
Or
One of the students who is studying biology is in my class.

Now if you look at 1st example, Restrictive clause "who were studying biology" is modifying student(s) is correct.

In second, Restrictive clause "who is studying biology" is modifying student(s) is not correct because the restrictive clause is modifying students which is plural.
[/b]
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29 Jun 2005, 10:40
fresinha, you can read my first post on this page and also my reply to gmataquaguy. I explained it all there: http://www.gmatclub.com/phpbb/viewtopic ... 2&start=20

Basically, you would say:
1- One of the student is...
or
2- One of the student who are...
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Re: SC:increase in hourly wages [#permalink]

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13 Jan 2009, 09:56
E
But it is so awkward. the employees of the railroad?
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Re: Added to the increase in hourly wages requested last July, [#permalink]

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30 Jun 2014, 20:49
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

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Re: Added to the increase in hourly wages requested last July, [#permalink]

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14 Oct 2015, 04:43
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

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Re: Added to the increase in hourly wages requested last July, [#permalink]

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14 Oct 2015, 06:30
What is the source of this question.
Option D & E are very confusing. Btw, I choose option D.

(E) In addition to the increase in hourly wages requested last July, the employees of the railroad are now seeking an expanded program of retirement benefits.

If I understand the modifiers correctly In addition to the increase in hourly wages requested last July should modify the closest noun which is the employees.
But as per the meaning, the modifier should be modify the the retirements benefits.

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Re: Added to the increase in hourly wages requested last July, [#permalink]

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14 Oct 2015, 07:39
Added to the increase in hourly wages requested last July, the railroad employees are now seeking an expanded program of retirement benefits
(A) Added to the increase in hourly wages requested last July, the railroad employees are now seeking an expanded program of retirement benefits.

(B) Added to the increase in hourly wages which had been requested last July, the employees of the railroad are now seeking an expanded program of retirement benefits.

(C) The railroad employees are now seeking an expanded program of retirement benefits added to the increase in hourly wages that were requested last July.

(D) In addition to the increase in hourly wages that were requested last July, the railroad employees are now seeking an expanded program of retirement benefits

(E) In addition to the increase in hourly wages requested last July, the employees of the railroad are now seeking an expanded program of retirement benefits.

A,B out = Modifier issue
C out = "increase in hourly wages" is singular... so SVB issue
D out = same as C

So E
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Re: Added to the increase in hourly wages requested last July, [#permalink]

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17 Oct 2015, 01:27
in adition to can work as a preposition and in addition to+noun can work as an adverb
Re: Added to the increase in hourly wages requested last July,   [#permalink] 17 Oct 2015, 01:27
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