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I'd like to open this topic for us to chip in grammar points which we think are notable and can benefit other members. It is easy to google grammar sites but still is sharing on forum the best way to spread our knowledge and to gain from others'
Active verbs with a passive meaning: Example: Normal form: A large painting by Jasper Johns was sold for US$ 2 mil. --> We can also say: A large paitning by Jasper Johns sold for US$ 2 mil.
Verbs of this kind: clean, sell, show, wash, let and etc..
What we can use before "more"?
+ For uncountable nouns: some more, any more, hardly any more, a little more, a lot more, much more, no more + Noun + For countable nouns: some more, any more, a few more, hardly any more, a lot more, many more, no more + Noun.
Word order: subject+ verb+ object+ complement: " call him a fool"
Verbs of this kind: appoint, baptize, call, consider, crown, declare, elect, label, make, name and vote.
For example: They labelled him a charlatan. NOTE: never use "as" after the object.
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Edit by Paul: Great initiative Laxie!
Last edited by bb on 27 Dec 2010, 13:47, edited 7 times in total.
The following quantifiers will work with count nouns:
a few trees
a couple of trees
none of the trees
The following quantifiers will work with non-count nouns:
not much dancing
a little dancing
a bit of dancing
a good deal of dancing
a great deal of dancing
The following quantifiers will work with both count and non-count nouns: all of the trees/dancing
most of the trees/dancing
a lot of trees/dancing
lots of trees/dancing
plenty of trees/dancing
a lack of trees/dancing
Here is one more. Absolute constructions --> Don't confuse them with Dangling modifiers
Absolute constructions consist of a noun and some kind of modifier, the most common being a participle. Because they often come at the beginning of a sentence, they are easily confused with dangling participles. But an absolute construction modifies the rest of the sentence, not the subject of the sentence (as a participial phrase does). You can use absolute constructions to compress two sentences into one and to vary sentence structure as a means of holding a readerâ€™s interest. Here are some examples:
No other business arising, the meeting was adjourned.
The paint now dry, we brought the furniture out on the deck.
The truck finally loaded, they said goodbye to their neighbors and drove off.
The horse loped across the yard, her foal trailing behind her.
Constructions like these are used more often in writing than in speaking, where it is more common to use a full clause: When the paint was dry, we brought the furniture out on the deck. There are, however, many fixed absolute constructions that occur frequently in speech:
The picnic is scheduled for Saturday, weather permitting.
Barring bad weather, we plan to go to the beach tomorrow.
All things considered, itâ€™s not a bad idea.
"To dream anything that you want to dream, that is the beauty of the human mind. To do anything that you want to do, that is the strength of the human will. To trust yourself, to test your limits, that is the courage to succeed."
Thank you buddy for supporting me!!! ^_^
I know this idea may not be accepted at first sight since it seems not so direct to the review. But it does benefit us in a long-run. As we are typing down what we just learned, we can recall the knowledge. Moreover, a grammatical mastery does not all come from a certain source which one comes across, but it comes from diverse sources provided by various people with eclectic readings.
This is great initiative Laxie, I'm sure this will help all of us
Subjunctive Mood (GMAT favorite)
Watch out for: suggest, demand, insist, require, mandate, advocate, propose, ask etc.
How does this work? eg: Laxie requires club members to learn grammar. Laxie requires that club members learn grammar.
Other famous subjunctive sentences are: If I were you, If she were here etc.
Hi Vivek,Can you please elaborate the use of subjunctive mood...I have come across..if I were you...earlier...
but out the two senetence u hav writen...both of them are correct?if yes, which one to use under wat condition...?
"that" is a restrictive clause:
provides essential information about the subject of a sentence. It refers to the immediate previous noun.
eg: The big GMAT book that is kept on the table is good.
NOTE: No comma is used!
"that" here refers to "the particular (definite/fixed) book on the table"
"which" is a non-restrctive clause:
provides more descriptive information or in other words information that is not essential in the sentence. It refers to the immediate previous noun.
"comma" is very important in non-restrictive clause usage.
eg: The big GMAT book, which is kept on the table, is good.
NOTE: comma is used!
"which" here means, "by the way, the book on the table"
Please pay attention to the SCs using restrictive & non-restrictive clauses to know, how can the usage create problems.