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# Advertisement: For sinus pain, three out of four hospitals

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Advertisement: For sinus pain, three out of four hospitals [#permalink]

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09 May 2012, 13:07
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Advertisement: For sinus pain, three out of four hospitals give their patients Novex. So when you want the most effective painkiller for sinus pain, Novex is the one to choose.

Which of the following, if true, most seriously undermines the advertisement's argument?

(A) Some competing brands of painkillers are intended to reduce other kinds of pain in addition to sinus pain.

(B) Many hospitals that do not usually use Novex will do so for those patients who cannot tolerate the drug the hospitals usually use.

(C) Many drug manufacturers increase sales of their products to hospitals by selling these products to the hospitals at the lowest price the manufacturers can afford.

(D) Unlike some competing brands of painkillers, Novex is available from pharmacies without a doctor's prescription.

(E) In clinical trials Novex has been found more effective than competing brands of painkillers that have been on the market longer than Novex

I got stuck between option B & C. C was about general products that the manufactures sell to the hospitals, while B was more specific to Novex. So, I chose B after taking approx 3 mins, only to find out that the OA is C.

Now, the only thing that can prove me wrong here is that option B says "many hospitals .... WILL DO SO
and not DO SO (without will), which might imply that the options is referring to any time in the future and not now.
Then this option might not work.
Please suggest..
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Last edited by souvik101990 on 29 Dec 2014, 04:04, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: Advertisement: For sinus pain, three out of four hospitals [#permalink]

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09 May 2012, 22:58
Yes B is about Novex but then the patients are limited to those who cannot tolerate the drug the hospitals use. While C clearly points out another reason (besides the effectiveness of Novex) why hospitals give to patients, and therefore weaken the conclusion that Novex is most effective.
Hope it's clear.
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Re: Advertisement: For sinus pain, three out of four hospitals [#permalink]

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09 May 2012, 23:20
To your question first - the context of the usage of WILL DO SO here implies that the hospitals are already doing this and will continue to do so.

For the correct answer, consider the fact that even if the hospitals prescribe the painkiller because other painkillers cannot be tolerated, this does not call into question the effectiveness of Novex as a drug. Choice C, which provides an alternative explanation to effectiveness as to why the drug may be prescribed, is therefore the right choice.
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Re: Advertisement: For sinus pain, three out of four hospitals [#permalink]

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18 Sep 2013, 10:13
I would think about this problem in the following way: Give me the another reason why hospitals are giving patients the mentioned drug? What is the conclusion of the argument?

"So when you want the most effective
painkiller for sinus pain, Novex is the one to choose." --- Pay attention to the "So" since it indicates a conclusion.

(B) Many hospitals that do not usually use Novex
will do so for those patients who cannot
tolerate the drug the hospitals usually use. ---- This answer does not really weaken the argument, I would even think it strengthens the conclusion a bit ---- Hey! This drug can help even the people who are intolerant to all others, yey It's the best drug.

However:

(C) Many drug manufacturers increase sales of their
products to hospitals by selling these products
to the hospitals at the lowest price the manu-
facturers can afford. ---- Hmmm, so 3/4 of hospitals treat patients with this drug not because it's the best one but because it's cheaper! Shame on you hospitals

I would definitely go with "C"

Hope this helps x)
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Re: Advertisement: For sinus pain, three out of four hospitals [#permalink]

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11 Nov 2013, 08:19
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For weaken questions I follow the strategy that first i identify the conclusion and then look for ways on what are the other ways in which the conclusion can hold ( without the given premise)

In this question Conclusion - Novex should be used in as the most effective painkiller in Sinus
Premise - 3/4 hospitals use Novex for sinus pain.

If we can somehow think of other ways as to why Novex is used ( without thinking of the hospitals answer , we hit the nail there)

(A) Some competing brands of painkillers are intended to reduce other kinds of pain in addition to sinus pain.
- Talks about other kinds of pain , irrelevant in the conclusions context.
(B) Many hospitals that do not usually use Novex will do so for those patients who cannot tolerate the drug the hospitals usually use.
- This answer choice tells us that hospitals will use Novex for patients who cannot tolerate the drug that the hospitals usually give.
Again does not help our conclusion.
(C) Many drug manufacturers increase sales of their products to hospitals by selling these products to the hospitals at the lowest price the manufacturers can afford.
- This answer choice states that because of ulterior motives of hospitals ( that they have the drug at very low cost) , the drug Novex is used by hospitals and not because its very effective. Bingo
(D) Unlike some competing brands of painkillers, Novex is available from pharmacies without a doctor's prescription.
- Irrelevant in the context of the conclusion , talks about getting the medicine from pharmacy.
(E) In clinical trials Novex has been found more effective than competing brands of painkillers that have been on the market longer than Novex.
- Again irrelevant in context of the conclusion.

Hope this helps
Kudos me if you like the post !!!!!!!!
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Re: Advertisement: For sinus pain, three out of four hospitals [#permalink]

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01 Dec 2013, 06:57
C is the correct answer:

Reason :
the assumption behind the conclusion is that what majority of the medicines hospital use are the best in market. option C directly attack on this assumption by telling why hospitals actually have more of a certain brand of medicine stock.

thanks
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Re: Advertisement: For sinus pain, three out of four hospitals [#permalink]

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28 Dec 2014, 09:30
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Re: Advertisement: For sinus pain, three out of four hospitals [#permalink]

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29 Dec 2014, 04:09
Reviving the question thanks to VerbalBot

Quote:
This is a weaken question. Correct answers do not have to absolutely, without a doubt, in all circumstances weaken the conclusion. They only have to open up the possibility that the conclusion is not valid. The correct answer on a weaken question will typically accomplish this by introducing a new piece of information that calls into question an assumption made by the author.

Given -->75% of hospitals give patients Novex.

Claim --> Novex is most effective.

Assumption --> author assumes that effectiveness is the metric the hospitals use when deciding what medication to give.

Note --> the argument does not say WHY hospitals give patients Novex. We would all like to believe that they will choose based on the effectiveness of the medication, but that's not necessarily the case. We have no idea why these hospitals gave patients Novex. This is where the author's assumption comes in.

In order to weaken, the correct answer will open up the possibility that the hospitals use some other metric, not effectiveness, when deciding what medication to use.

And that's exactly what choice C does: the hospitals may be basing their decision on money, not effectiveness. That negatively affects the author's assumption that the hospitals must be deciding based upon effectiveness.

B talks about the 25% of the hospitals that don't give their patients Novex (at least to start). So, first, this is a minority (part of the author's argument was based on the behavior of the 75% majority). Second, if these 25% that don't start with Novex will then use Novex when the first medication doesn't work... if anything, that would seem to strengthen the author's assumption that Novex is the most effective. Perhaps that 25% uses some cheaper but inferior drug first and then switches to the more effective but more expensive Novex for those patients for whom the inferior drug fails.

More simply, though, B is out of scope because it's focusing on the 25% minority. The author isn't claiming that everyone uses Novex - only that it's the most effective because a majority uses it. Information about the minority doesn't affect that claim.

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Re: Advertisement: For sinus pain, three out of four hospitals [#permalink]

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27 Jun 2015, 05:07
souvik101990 wrote:
Reviving the question thanks to VerbalBot

Quote:
This is a weaken question. Correct answers do not have to absolutely, without a doubt, in all circumstances weaken the conclusion. They only have to open up the possibility that the conclusion is not valid. The correct answer on a weaken question will typically accomplish this by introducing a new piece of information that calls into question an assumption made by the author.

Given -->75% of hospitals give patients Novex.

Claim --> Novex is most effective.

Assumption --> author assumes that effectiveness is the metric the hospitals use when deciding what medication to give.

Note --> the argument does not say WHY hospitals give patients Novex. We would all like to believe that they will choose based on the effectiveness of the medication, but that's not necessarily the case. We have no idea why these hospitals gave patients Novex. This is where the author's assumption comes in.

In order to weaken, the correct answer will open up the possibility that the hospitals use some other metric, not effectiveness, when deciding what medication to use.

And that's exactly what choice C does: the hospitals may be basing their decision on money, not effectiveness. That negatively affects the author's assumption that the hospitals must be deciding based upon effectiveness.

B talks about the 25% of the hospitals that don't give their patients Novex (at least to start). So, first, this is a minority (part of the author's argument was based on the behavior of the 75% majority). Second, if these 25% that don't start with Novex will then use Novex when the first medication doesn't work... if anything, that would seem to strengthen the author's assumption that Novex is the most effective. Perhaps that 25% uses some cheaper but inferior drug first and then switches to the more effective but more expensive Novex for those patients for whom the inferior drug fails.

More simply, though, B is out of scope because it's focusing on the 25% minority. The author isn't claiming that everyone uses Novex - only that it's the most effective because a majority uses it. Information about the minority doesn't affect that claim.

From this : "Many hospitals that do not usually use Novex", how can we tell that its talking about "the 25% of the hospitals that don't give their patients Novex"?
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Re: Advertisement: For sinus pain, three out of four hospitals   [#permalink] 27 Jun 2015, 05:07
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# Advertisement: For sinus pain, three out of four hospitals

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