Find all School-related info fast with the new School-Specific MBA Forum

It is currently 02 Jul 2015, 23:53

Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Events & Promotions

Events & Promotions in June
Open Detailed Calendar

Advertisement: For sinus pain, three out of four hospitals

  Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
TAGS:
1 KUDOS received
Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 10 Dec 2011
Posts: 44
Location: India
Concentration: Finance, Economics
GMAT Date: 09-28-2012
WE: Accounting (Manufacturing)
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 9 [1] , given: 4

Advertisement: For sinus pain, three out of four hospitals [#permalink] New post 09 May 2012, 13:07
1
This post received
KUDOS
1
This post was
BOOKMARKED
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  45% (medium)

Question Stats:

62% (02:15) correct 38% (01:28) wrong based on 280 sessions
Advertisement: For sinus pain, three out of four hospitals give their patients Novex. So when you want the most effective painkiller for sinus pain, Novex is the one to choose.

Which of the following, if true, most seriously undermines the advertisement's argument?

(A) Some competing brands of painkillers are intended to reduce other kinds of pain in addition to sinus pain.

(B) Many hospitals that do not usually use Novex will do so for those patients who cannot tolerate the drug the hospitals usually use.

(C) Many drug manufacturers increase sales of their products to hospitals by selling these products to the hospitals at the lowest price the manufacturers can afford.

(D) Unlike some competing brands of painkillers, Novex is available from pharmacies without a doctor's prescription.

(E) In clinical trials Novex has been found more effective than competing brands of painkillers that have been on the market longer than Novex

I got stuck between option B & C. C was about general products that the manufactures sell to the hospitals, while B was more specific to Novex. So, I chose B after taking approx 3 mins, only to find out that the OA is C.

Now, the only thing that can prove me wrong here is that option B says "many hospitals .... WILL DO SO
and not DO SO (without will), which might imply that the options is referring to any time in the future and not now.
Then this option might not work.
Please suggest..
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Last edited by souvik101990 on 29 Dec 2014, 04:04, edited 1 time in total.
Formatting
Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 09 Dec 2011
Posts: 2
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 0 [0], given: 0

Re: Advertisement: For sinus pain, three out of four hospitals [#permalink] New post 09 May 2012, 22:58
Yes B is about Novex but then the patients are limited to those who cannot tolerate the drug the hospitals use. While C clearly points out another reason (besides the effectiveness of Novex) why hospitals give to patients, and therefore weaken the conclusion that Novex is most effective.
Hope it's clear.
Director
Director
User avatar
Status:
Joined: 24 Jul 2011
Posts: 636
GMAT 1: 780 Q51 V48
GRE 1: 1540 Q800 V740
Followers: 84

Kudos [?]: 344 [0], given: 14

Re: Advertisement: For sinus pain, three out of four hospitals [#permalink] New post 09 May 2012, 23:20
To your question first - the context of the usage of WILL DO SO here implies that the hospitals are already doing this and will continue to do so.

For the correct answer, consider the fact that even if the hospitals prescribe the painkiller because other painkillers cannot be tolerated, this does not call into question the effectiveness of Novex as a drug. Choice C, which provides an alternative explanation to effectiveness as to why the drug may be prescribed, is therefore the right choice.
_________________

GyanOne | http://www.GyanOne.com | +91 9899831738

Get a free detailed MBA profile evaluation

Top MBA Rankings and MBA Admissions blog


Image

Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 28 Mar 2012
Posts: 6
Location: Yugoslavia
Concentration: Accounting, Finance
GMAT 1: 650 Q V
GPA: 3.75
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 8 [0], given: 21

Re: Advertisement: For sinus pain, three out of four hospitals [#permalink] New post 18 Sep 2013, 10:13
I would think about this problem in the following way: Give me the another reason why hospitals are giving patients the mentioned drug? What is the conclusion of the argument?

"So when you want the most effective
painkiller for sinus pain, Novex is the one to choose." --- Pay attention to the "So" since it indicates a conclusion.

(B) Many hospitals that do not usually use Novex
will do so for those patients who cannot
tolerate the drug the hospitals usually use. ---- This answer does not really weaken the argument, I would even think it strengthens the conclusion a bit ---- Hey! This drug can help even the people who are intolerant to all others, yey It's the best drug.

However:

(C) Many drug manufacturers increase sales of their
products to hospitals by selling these products
to the hospitals at the lowest price the manu-
facturers can afford. ---- Hmmm, so 3/4 of hospitals treat patients with this drug not because it's the best one but because it's cheaper! Shame on you hospitals :P

I would definitely go with "C"

Hope this helps x)
Manager
Manager
User avatar
Joined: 11 Aug 2011
Posts: 174
Location: United States
Concentration: Economics, Finance
GMAT Date: 10-16-2013
GPA: 3
WE: Analyst (Computer Software)
Followers: 3

Kudos [?]: 64 [0], given: 748

Reviews Badge CAT Tests
Re: Advertisement: For sinus pain, three out of four hospitals [#permalink] New post 11 Nov 2013, 08:19
For weaken questions I follow the strategy that first i identify the conclusion and then look for ways on what are the other ways in which the conclusion can hold ( without the given premise)

In this question Conclusion - Novex should be used in as the most effective painkiller in Sinus
Premise - 3/4 hospitals use Novex for sinus pain.

If we can somehow think of other ways as to why Novex is used ( without thinking of the hospitals answer , we hit the nail there)

(A) Some competing brands of painkillers are intended to reduce other kinds of pain in addition to sinus pain.
- Talks about other kinds of pain , irrelevant in the conclusions context.
(B) Many hospitals that do not usually use Novex will do so for those patients who cannot tolerate the drug the hospitals usually use.
- This answer choice tells us that hospitals will use Novex for patients who cannot tolerate the drug that the hospitals usually give.
Again does not help our conclusion.
(C) Many drug manufacturers increase sales of their products to hospitals by selling these products to the hospitals at the lowest price the manufacturers can afford.
- This answer choice states that because of ulterior motives of hospitals ( that they have the drug at very low cost) , the drug Novex is used by hospitals and not because its very effective. Bingo
(D) Unlike some competing brands of painkillers, Novex is available from pharmacies without a doctor's prescription.
- Irrelevant in the context of the conclusion , talks about getting the medicine from pharmacy.
(E) In clinical trials Novex has been found more effective than competing brands of painkillers that have been on the market longer than Novex.
- Again irrelevant in context of the conclusion.

Hope this helps
Kudos me if you like the post !!!!!!!!
_________________

Kudos me if you like my post !!!!

Manager
Manager
User avatar
Joined: 09 Nov 2013
Posts: 89
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 4 [0], given: 29

CAT Tests
Re: Advertisement: For sinus pain, three out of four hospitals [#permalink] New post 01 Dec 2013, 06:57
C is the correct answer:

Reason :
the assumption behind the conclusion is that what majority of the medicines hospital use are the best in market. option C directly attack on this assumption by telling why hospitals actually have more of a certain brand of medicine stock.

thanks
GMAT Club Legend
GMAT Club Legend
User avatar
Joined: 01 Oct 2013
Posts: 4365
Followers: 471

Kudos [?]: 98 [0], given: 0

Premium Member
Re: Advertisement: For sinus pain, three out of four hospitals [#permalink] New post 28 Dec 2014, 09:30
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

Want to see all other topics I dig out? Follow me (click follow button on profile). You will receive a summary of all topics I bump in your profile area as well as via email.
Expert Post
MBA Section Director
User avatar
Joined: 19 Mar 2012
Posts: 2641
Location: India
GPA: 3.8
WE: Marketing (Energy and Utilities)
Followers: 949

Kudos [?]: 5387 [0], given: 1357

Re: Advertisement: For sinus pain, three out of four hospitals [#permalink] New post 29 Dec 2014, 04:09
Expert's post
Reviving the question thanks to VerbalBot

Quote:
This is a weaken question. Correct answers do not have to absolutely, without a doubt, in all circumstances weaken the conclusion. They only have to open up the possibility that the conclusion is not valid. The correct answer on a weaken question will typically accomplish this by introducing a new piece of information that calls into question an assumption made by the author.

Given -->75% of hospitals give patients Novex.

Claim --> Novex is most effective.

Assumption --> author assumes that effectiveness is the metric the hospitals use when deciding what medication to give.

Note --> the argument does not say WHY hospitals give patients Novex. We would all like to believe that they will choose based on the effectiveness of the medication, but that's not necessarily the case. We have no idea why these hospitals gave patients Novex. This is where the author's assumption comes in.

In order to weaken, the correct answer will open up the possibility that the hospitals use some other metric, not effectiveness, when deciding what medication to use.

And that's exactly what choice C does: the hospitals may be basing their decision on money, not effectiveness. That negatively affects the author's assumption that the hospitals must be deciding based upon effectiveness.

B talks about the 25% of the hospitals that don't give their patients Novex (at least to start). So, first, this is a minority (part of the author's argument was based on the behavior of the 75% majority). Second, if these 25% that don't start with Novex will then use Novex when the first medication doesn't work... if anything, that would seem to strengthen the author's assumption that Novex is the most effective. Perhaps that 25% uses some cheaper but inferior drug first and then switches to the more effective but more expensive Novex for those patients for whom the inferior drug fails.

More simply, though, B is out of scope because it's focusing on the 25% minority. The author isn't claiming that everyone uses Novex - only that it's the most effective because a majority uses it. Information about the minority doesn't affect that claim.

_________________

My GMAT Resources
V30-V40: How to do it! | GMATPrep SC | GMATPrep CR | GMATPrep RC | Critical Reasoning Megathread | CR: Numbers and Statistics | CR: Weaken | CR: Strengthen | CR: Assumption | SC: Modifier | SC: Meaning | SC: SV Agreement | RC: Primary Purpose | PS/DS: Numbers and Inequalities | PS/DS: Combinatorics and Coordinates

My MBA Resources
Everything about the MBA Application | Over-Represented MBA woes | Fit Vs Rankings | Low GPA: What you can do | Letter of Recommendation: The Guide | Indian B Schools accepting GMAT score | Why MBA?

My Reviews
Veritas Prep Live Online

Intern
Intern
avatar
Status: Be Tenacious
Joined: 28 Sep 2013
Posts: 34
Location: United States
Concentration: Marketing, Finance
WE: Information Technology (Consulting)
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 5 [0], given: 45

Reviews Badge
Re: Advertisement: For sinus pain, three out of four hospitals [#permalink] New post 27 Jun 2015, 05:07
souvik101990 wrote:
Reviving the question thanks to VerbalBot

Quote:
This is a weaken question. Correct answers do not have to absolutely, without a doubt, in all circumstances weaken the conclusion. They only have to open up the possibility that the conclusion is not valid. The correct answer on a weaken question will typically accomplish this by introducing a new piece of information that calls into question an assumption made by the author.

Given -->75% of hospitals give patients Novex.

Claim --> Novex is most effective.

Assumption --> author assumes that effectiveness is the metric the hospitals use when deciding what medication to give.

Note --> the argument does not say WHY hospitals give patients Novex. We would all like to believe that they will choose based on the effectiveness of the medication, but that's not necessarily the case. We have no idea why these hospitals gave patients Novex. This is where the author's assumption comes in.

In order to weaken, the correct answer will open up the possibility that the hospitals use some other metric, not effectiveness, when deciding what medication to use.

And that's exactly what choice C does: the hospitals may be basing their decision on money, not effectiveness. That negatively affects the author's assumption that the hospitals must be deciding based upon effectiveness.

B talks about the 25% of the hospitals that don't give their patients Novex (at least to start). So, first, this is a minority (part of the author's argument was based on the behavior of the 75% majority). Second, if these 25% that don't start with Novex will then use Novex when the first medication doesn't work... if anything, that would seem to strengthen the author's assumption that Novex is the most effective. Perhaps that 25% uses some cheaper but inferior drug first and then switches to the more effective but more expensive Novex for those patients for whom the inferior drug fails.

More simply, though, B is out of scope because it's focusing on the 25% minority. The author isn't claiming that everyone uses Novex - only that it's the most effective because a majority uses it. Information about the minority doesn't affect that claim.



From this : "Many hospitals that do not usually use Novex", how can we tell that its talking about "the 25% of the hospitals that don't give their patients Novex"?
Re: Advertisement: For sinus pain, three out of four hospitals   [#permalink] 27 Jun 2015, 05:07
    Similar topics Author Replies Last post
Similar
Topics:
Experts publish their posts in the topic Advertisement: For sinus pain, three out of four hospitals Neochronic 10 14 Mar 2008, 12:02
Advertisement: For sinus pain, three out of four hospitals aurobindo 8 08 Dec 2006, 08:34
Advertisement: For sinus pain, three out of four hospitals jaynayak 13 17 Jun 2006, 10:50
Advertisement: For sinus pain, three out of four hospitals rlevochkin 12 16 Jan 2006, 14:03
Advertisement: For sinus pain, three out of four hospitals rahulraao 20 05 Oct 2005, 16:08
Display posts from previous: Sort by

Advertisement: For sinus pain, three out of four hospitals

  Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  


GMAT Club MBA Forum Home| About| Privacy Policy| Terms and Conditions| GMAT Club Rules| Contact| Sitemap

Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group and phpBB SEO

Kindly note that the GMAT® test is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council®, and this site has neither been reviewed nor endorsed by GMAC®.