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After moving to Switzerland in the 1890s, Albert Einstein

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Re: Albert Einstein [#permalink] New post 14 Aug 2009, 09:09
hemantsood wrote:
IMO A
Others are wrong based on ||ism. Picked A just because others got eliminated and I couldn't find error in A.


well if you could explain how you eliminated other answer choices, it would be very helpful, thanks in advance...
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Re: Albert Einstein [#permalink] New post 14 Aug 2009, 11:29
crejoc wrote:
After moving to Switzerland in the 1890’s, Albert Einstein attended the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich, receiving in-depth training in quantitative analysis and developing a foundation for his future work in mathematical physics.

A) attended the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich, receiving in-depth training in quantitative analysis and developing

B) attended the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich, receiving in-depth training in quantitative analysis and developed

C) attended the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich, received in-depth training in quantitative analysis, and he developed

D) attended the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich, received in-depth training in quantitative analysis, developing

E) attending the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich, receiving in-depth training in quantitative analysis, and developing

OA :
[Reveal] Spoiler:
A

EXPLAIN the correct answer as well as why other options are wrong..


receiving..........and developing.......... this is describing his attendance at the Poly school therefore both need to be -ing. Both A and E have that but "attending" is incorrect so that leaves only A.
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Re: Albert Einstein [#permalink] New post 31 Aug 2010, 06:11
I got it wrong at the first attempt. But i think this works this way..
Talking about actions actually happening :

Receiving training and developing foundation are happening in parallel, so they should be in the same verb form.
In that way "C" was close but the comma and he...makes it sound absurd.

so answer is A
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Re: Albert Einstein [#permalink] New post 31 Aug 2010, 06:21
I think it should be A as well. I picked D initially but didn't like the comma placement.
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Re: Albert Einstein [#permalink] New post 31 Aug 2010, 06:56
Ok guys, help me out here. I thought that ||ism required that the attend receive and develop all be the same - meaning end in unf or ed... So attended received and developed would be the right combination... But I don't see that option here at all... Can someone please clarify what rules are at play here? Thanks

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Re: Albert Einstein [#permalink] New post 31 Aug 2010, 08:35
mainhoon wrote:
Ok guys, help me out here. I thought that ||ism required that the attend receive and develop all be the same - meaning end in unf or ed... So attended received and developed would be the right combination... But I don't see that option here at all... Can someone please clarify what rules are at play here? Thanks

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This SC problem is a classic case of superficial parallelism.
It makes us think that attended , received and developed shall be used as parallel structure.
However on a closer look we can find that attended is not parallel to receiving and developing.

AE attended the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich for
1.receiving in-depth training in quantitative analysis.
2.developing a foundation for his future work in mathematical physics.

If we parallel all 3 items as a single list, above structure is lost since attended , received and developed give same importance to all 3 activities.

Therefore only receiving and developing shall be made parallel.
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Re: Albert Einstein [#permalink] New post 31 Aug 2010, 08:42
even i was carried away by option B assuming that it has comma after analysis.

main verb in this sentence is attended. main emphasis should be given to "AE attended school ". as a result of attending school, he received... and developed.... which gives some additional details. so A, B, C, D are left. secondary details receiving and developing should have parallel structure. so A.
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Re: Albert Einstein [#permalink] New post 31 Aug 2010, 08:47
Seekmba
Thanks... I guess can't apply riles blindly... Howeve I always have trouble understanding the modifier issue... So here receiving and developing are modifying the entire clause you say... What does that really mean? Let's say we had attended received and developed..then do we still have this modifying thing going on there?

seekmba wrote:
the correct option should be either

Einstein attended the school, received in-depth training, and developed a foundation.

OR

Einstein attended the school, receiving in-depth training and developing a foundation --> here the modifier 'receiving' and 'developing' are modifying the entire preceding clause and 'receiving' and 'developing' are parallel

Lets look at the options.

After moving to Switzerland in the 1890’s, Albert Einstein attended the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich, receiving in-depth training in quantitative analysis and developing a foundation for his future work in mathematical physics.

(A) attended the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich, receiving in-depth training in quantitative analysis and developing - CORRECT

(B) attended the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich, receiving in-depth training in quantitative analysis and developed - not parallel

(C) attended the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich, received in-depth training in quantitative analysis, and he developed - not parallel

(D) attended the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich, received in-depth training in quantitative analysis, developing - not parallel

(E) attending the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich, receiving in-depth training in quantitative analysis, and developing - awkward

Hope this helps!


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Re: Albert Einstein [#permalink] New post 31 Aug 2010, 09:04
crejoc wrote:
After moving to Switzerland in the 1890’s, Albert Einstein attended the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich, receiving in-depth training in quantitative analysis and developing a foundation for his future work in mathematical physics.

(A) attended the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich, receiving in-depth training in quantitative analysis and developing
(B) attended the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich, receiving in-depth training in quantitative analysis and developed
(C) attended the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich, received in-depth training in quantitative analysis, and he developed
(D) attended the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich, received in-depth training in quantitative analysis, developing
(E) attending the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich, receiving in-depth training in quantitative analysis, and developing

EXPLAIN the correct answer as well as why other options are wrong..

In B)attended and developed are in a list,which seems to suggest that attended and developed are at the same logical level.What i mean is they have equal importance.They dont have anything to do with each other.This changes the meaning of the original sentence which says that AE attended the school by receiving training and developing a foundation
C) same as B.It changes the meaning .Here all the actins are at the same logical level
D)This option changes the meaning as well as violates parallelism rules
E) This sentence lacks a working verb
So A
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Re: Albert Einstein [#permalink] New post 31 Aug 2010, 10:07
Hi mainhoon,

When you read the sentence think of it like this...... "As result of attending the Swiss school, Einstien received in-depth training in quantitative analysis and developed a foundation for future work"

So the "receiving of training and developing a foundation" happened because Einstein attended the school.

Hence the part after comma "receiving in-depth training and developing a foundation" refers to the entire preceding clause "Albert Einstein attended the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich".

Now if the sentence were written the way you suggested.... attended, received, and developed...then there would be no modifier issue going on.

Hope this helps!
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Re: Albert Einstein [#permalink] New post 31 Aug 2010, 13:35
IMO A
very good question that demonstrates the need to understasnd the meaning and be logical.....
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Re: Albert Einstein [#permalink] New post 01 Sep 2010, 01:14
sudeep wrote:
Quote:
After moving to Switzerland in the 1890’s, Albert Einstein attended the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich, receiving in-depth training in quantitative analysis and developing a foundation for his future work in mathematical physics.

A) attended the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich, receiving in-depth training in quantitative analysis and developing
-correct
- gerunds are correct here as 'receiving' and 'developing' happened while he attended the school. 'Gerunds' correctly modifying the preceding clause.
B) attended the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich, receiving in-depth training in quantitative analysis and developed

C) attended the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich, received in-depth training in quantitative analysis, and he developed
it changes the meaning.

D) attended the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich, received in-depth training in quantitative analysis, developing

E) attending the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich, receiving in-depth training in quantitative analysis, and developing


Thank you. Your explanation is very clear to me.
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Re: Albert Einstein [#permalink] New post 01 Sep 2010, 02:02
very good question. thanks for posting this!!!
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Re: Albert Einstein [#permalink] New post 02 Sep 2010, 15:43
To me it's no so much about the paralelism as about grammatical rules and structure of the sentence.

(A) attended the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich, receiving in-depth training in quantitative analysis and developing
This sentence is correct
(B) attended the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich, receiving in-depth training in quantitative analysis and developed
Comma should be here before and.
(C) attended the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich, received in-depth training in quantitative analysis, and he
developed
He is redundant - without comma and he - I would incline to such answer.
(D) attended the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich, received in-depth training in quantitative analysis, developing
This could be correct, but only with and before received. Without and I makes you to expect something more with -ed form, but modifier comes instead.
(E) attending the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich, receiving in-depth training in quantitative analysis, and developing
Comma is redundant here.
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Re: Albert Einstein [#permalink] New post 05 Sep 2011, 04:59
Reluctantly chose C for parallelism. :( but was wrong. A is actually better
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Re: Albert Einstein [#permalink] New post 05 Sep 2011, 06:13
thank you all guys.. i got this q wrong too...

i was thinking.. he did 2 things... 1st he attended the school, then he developed a foundation...

but reading thru the posts i see why B is wrong.
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Re: Albert Einstein [#permalink] New post 05 Sep 2011, 09:23
A. Sounds perfect the way it's written.
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Re: Albert Einstein [#permalink] New post 05 Sep 2011, 20:40
Good question. Got it wrong Chose C blindly, despite of "and he" looking odd.
Agree with A and love the below explanation.


learner wrote:
This Q requires knowledge in ||ism, comma splice and participle modifier



A) attended the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich, receiving in-depth training in quantitative analysis and developing
- correct 'receiving... and developing ...' acts as participle phrase for the main clause, 'attended the swiss ...'



B) attended the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich, receiving in-depth training in quantitative analysis and developed

here attended , receiving and developed are not ||.

If I were to correct this option it would have read either


attended the swiss ..., received ... and developed - making the sentence ||

or

attended ... ;receiving in-depth training in quantitative analysis, he developed... - This case,puntuated with a comma , has 'receiving in-depth training' as participle modifier



C) attended the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich, received in-depth training in quantitative analysis, and he developed - note the comman before and .


The correct form for this option is either

attended the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich, received in-depth training in quantitative analysis and developed

or

attended the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich and received in-depth training, and he developed.. - in this case 'and he developed' is a conjunctive clause preceded by a comma, avoiding a comman splice .




D) attended the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich, received in-depth training in quantitative analysis, developing - not ||

The correct form would have been

attended the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich and received in-depth training in quantitative analysis, developing... - in this case 'developing..' acts as a participle phrase . I am not sure whether this would become a dangling modifier.


E) attending the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich, receiving in-depth training in quantitative analysis, and developing

- there is no verb and the sentence structure is seriously flawed in this option
.

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Re: Albert Einstein [#permalink] New post 06 Sep 2011, 03:26
A...receiving and developing are consequences for attending(in past) the school, hence they have to be ||.
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Re: Albert Einstein [#permalink] New post 06 Sep 2011, 21:57
Good explanation gsothee......I thought that Attended and developed are of equal imp so chose B......
Re: Albert Einstein   [#permalink] 06 Sep 2011, 21:57
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