After moving to Switzerland in the 1890s, Albert Einstein : GMAT Sentence Correction (SC)
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# After moving to Switzerland in the 1890s, Albert Einstein

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After moving to Switzerland in the 1890s, Albert Einstein [#permalink]

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09 Aug 2009, 09:47
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After moving to Switzerland in the 1890’s, Albert Einstein attended the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich, receiving in-depth training in quantitative analysis and developing a foundation for his future work in mathematical physics.

(A) attended the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich, receiving in-depth training in quantitative analysis and developing
(B) attended the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich, receiving in-depth training in quantitative analysis and developed
(C) attended the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich, received in-depth training in quantitative analysis, and he developed
(D) attended the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich, received in-depth training in quantitative analysis, developing
(E) attending the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich, receiving in-depth training in quantitative analysis, and developing

EXPLAIN the correct answer as well as why other options are wrong..
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
If you have any questions
New!
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09 Aug 2009, 10:14
crejoc wrote:
After moving to Switzerland in the 1890’s, Albert Einstein attended the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich, receiving in-depth training in quantitative analysis and developing a foundation for his future work in mathematical physics.

A) attended the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich, receiving in-depth training in quantitative analysis and developing

B) attended the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich, receiving in-depth training in quantitative analysis and developed

C) attended the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich, received in-depth training in quantitative analysis, and he developed

D) attended the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich, received in-depth training in quantitative analysis, developing

E) attending the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich, receiving in-depth training in quantitative analysis, and developing

OA :
[Reveal] Spoiler:
A

EXPLAIN the correct answer as well as why other options are wrong..

good question..

it is between B and C
but I pick B.
'Albert Einstein attended the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich' is main clause and rest of the structure should be either modifiers or subordinate or dependent clause.

I think you need a present participle as a modifier rather than past participle here .. reason is 'AE was receiving' sounds better than 'AE is received' so A, B and E left.

some how A and E dont fit ... so I pick B..

if we pick past participle, then C fits the bill but I stil think B is better.

if B is correct then I can explain myreasoning more in detail .

very good question. OE is appreciated.

+1 kudos for ya for posting this question.
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09 Aug 2009, 10:40
crejoc wrote:
After moving to Switzerland in the 1890’s, Albert Einstein attended the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich, receiving in-depth training in quantitative analysis and developing a foundation for his future work in mathematical physics.

A) attended the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich, receiving in-depth training in quantitative analysis and developing

B) attended the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich, receiving in-depth training in quantitative analysis and developed

C) attended the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich, received in-depth training in quantitative analysis, and he developed

D) attended the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich, received in-depth training in quantitative analysis, developing

E) attending the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich, receiving in-depth training in quantitative analysis, and developing

OA :
[Reveal] Spoiler:
A

EXPLAIN the correct answer as well as why other options are wrong..

I pick A because... "receiving" and "developing" are present participle that can modify the main clause. Other choices either are not parallel or does not have main clause.
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09 Aug 2009, 10:43
ugimba wrote:
but I pick B.

OA is A, receiving must be parallel with developing (receiving and developing are gerunds here ), the main verb is 'attended'. I think A for parallelism.

In all other options parallelism is not maintained except E, In E 'attending' is incorrect, as it is also followed by two more gerunds and the sentence is awkward.
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09 Aug 2009, 10:44
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I thought there was a comma between 'analysis' and 'and developed'. ..

without comma, B is wrong .. I agree with the OA .. hmmm shld have looked little bit more carefully.
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09 Aug 2009, 17:17
ugimba wrote:

+1 kudos for ya for posting this question.

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10 Aug 2009, 01:21
IMO A
Others are wrong based on ||ism. Picked A just because others got eliminated and I couldn't find error in A.
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10 Aug 2009, 01:53
Main verb : attended and the other sub clauses should have the verbs in parallel hence IMO A
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14 Aug 2009, 09:09
hemantsood wrote:
IMO A
Others are wrong based on ||ism. Picked A just because others got eliminated and I couldn't find error in A.

well if you could explain how you eliminated other answer choices, it would be very helpful, thanks in advance...
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14 Aug 2009, 09:31
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After moving to Switzerland in the 1890’s, Albert Einstein attended the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich, receiving in-depth training in quantitative analysis and developing a foundation for his future work in mathematical physics.

A) attended the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich, receiving in-depth training in quantitative analysis and developing
-correct
- gerunds are correct here as 'receiving' and 'developing' happened while he attended the school. 'Gerunds' correctly modifying the preceding clause.
B) attended the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich, receiving in-depth training in quantitative analysis and developed

C) attended the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich, received in-depth training in quantitative analysis, and he developed
it changes the meaning.

D) attended the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich, received in-depth training in quantitative analysis, developing

E) attending the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich, receiving in-depth training in quantitative analysis, and developing

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14 Aug 2009, 09:45
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This one is a classic parallelism list vs modifier problem. The 'receiving' part apparently appears to be a modifier, a reason for AE attending the school. And if it were one, it must have been modifying the nearest noun (subject or object, whatever be it) the school. But, evidently it is not and therefore, it's a parallelism issue. And as the formula for parallelism goes, every 2+ in the list should follow exactly the structure and style of 2 in the list. Obviously, A wins!!!!
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14 Aug 2009, 10:18
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This Q requires knowledge in ||ism, comma splice and participle modifier

A) attended the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich, receiving in-depth training in quantitative analysis and developing
- correct 'receiving... and developing ...' acts as participle phrase for the main clause, 'attended the swiss ...'

B) attended the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich, receiving in-depth training in quantitative analysis and developed

here attended , receiving and developed are not ||.

If I were to correct this option it would have read either

attended the swiss ..., received ... and developed - making the sentence ||

or

attended ... ;receiving in-depth training in quantitative analysis, he developed... - This case,puntuated with a comma , has 'receiving in-depth training' as participle modifier

C) attended the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich, received in-depth training in quantitative analysis, and he developed - note the comman before and .

The correct form for this option is either

attended the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich, received in-depth training in quantitative analysis and developed

or

attended the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich and received in-depth training, and he developed.. - in this case 'and he developed' is a conjunctive clause preceded by a comma, avoiding a comman splice .

D) attended the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich, received in-depth training in quantitative analysis, developing - not ||

The correct form would have been

attended the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich and received in-depth training in quantitative analysis, developing... - in this case 'developing..' acts as a participle phrase . I am not sure whether this would become a dangling modifier.

E) attending the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich, receiving in-depth training in quantitative analysis, and developing

- there is no verb and the sentence structure is seriously flawed in this option
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14 Aug 2009, 11:29
crejoc wrote:
After moving to Switzerland in the 1890’s, Albert Einstein attended the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich, receiving in-depth training in quantitative analysis and developing a foundation for his future work in mathematical physics.

A) attended the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich, receiving in-depth training in quantitative analysis and developing

B) attended the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich, receiving in-depth training in quantitative analysis and developed

C) attended the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich, received in-depth training in quantitative analysis, and he developed

D) attended the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich, received in-depth training in quantitative analysis, developing

E) attending the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich, receiving in-depth training in quantitative analysis, and developing

OA :
[Reveal] Spoiler:
A

EXPLAIN the correct answer as well as why other options are wrong..

receiving..........and developing.......... this is describing his attendance at the Poly school therefore both need to be -ing. Both A and E have that but "attending" is incorrect so that leaves only A.
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08 Sep 2009, 09:15
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You have 3 verbs here that may have parallelism issues: attended, received, and developed. Only C and E have all three in parallel. However, E does not make sense because it has no verb [it should say either attended, or is attending].
C isn't good because the last clause should not have the word he.
So I was forced to go with a choice that does not parallel all 3. The verbs received and developed are more in need of prallelism together, than attending does. A does this.
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31 Aug 2010, 06:11
I got it wrong at the first attempt. But i think this works this way..
Talking about actions actually happening :

Receiving training and developing foundation are happening in parallel, so they should be in the same verb form.
In that way "C" was close but the comma and he...makes it sound absurd.

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31 Aug 2010, 06:21
I think it should be A as well. I picked D initially but didn't like the comma placement.
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31 Aug 2010, 06:56
Ok guys, help me out here. I thought that ||ism required that the attend receive and develop all be the same - meaning end in unf or ed... So attended received and developed would be the right combination... But I don't see that option here at all... Can someone please clarify what rules are at play here? Thanks

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31 Aug 2010, 08:04
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the correct option should be either

Einstein attended the school, received in-depth training, and developed a foundation.

OR

Einstein attended the school, receiving in-depth training and developing a foundation --> here the modifier 'receiving' and 'developing' are modifying the entire preceding clause and 'receiving' and 'developing' are parallel

Lets look at the options.

After moving to Switzerland in the 1890’s, Albert Einstein attended the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich, receiving in-depth training in quantitative analysis and developing a foundation for his future work in mathematical physics.

(A) attended the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich, receiving in-depth training in quantitative analysis and developing - CORRECT

(B) attended the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich, receiving in-depth training in quantitative analysis and developed - not parallel

(C) attended the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich, received in-depth training in quantitative analysis, and he developed - not parallel

(D) attended the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich, received in-depth training in quantitative analysis, developing - not parallel

(E) attending the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich, receiving in-depth training in quantitative analysis, and developing - awkward

Hope this helps!
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31 Aug 2010, 08:35
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mainhoon wrote:
Ok guys, help me out here. I thought that ||ism required that the attend receive and develop all be the same - meaning end in unf or ed... So attended received and developed would be the right combination... But I don't see that option here at all... Can someone please clarify what rules are at play here? Thanks

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This SC problem is a classic case of superficial parallelism.
It makes us think that attended , received and developed shall be used as parallel structure.
However on a closer look we can find that attended is not parallel to receiving and developing.

AE attended the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich for
1.receiving in-depth training in quantitative analysis.
2.developing a foundation for his future work in mathematical physics.

If we parallel all 3 items as a single list, above structure is lost since attended , received and developed give same importance to all 3 activities.

Therefore only receiving and developing shall be made parallel.
[highlight][/highlight]
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31 Aug 2010, 08:42
even i was carried away by option B assuming that it has comma after analysis.

main verb in this sentence is attended. main emphasis should be given to "AE attended school ". as a result of attending school, he received... and developed.... which gives some additional details. so A, B, C, D are left. secondary details receiving and developing should have parallel structure. so A.
Re: Albert Einstein   [#permalink] 31 Aug 2010, 08:42

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