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After the Civil War, contemporaries of Harriet Tubmans

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After the Civil War, contemporaries of Harriet Tubmans [#permalink]

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New post 31 Oct 2007, 22:08
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A
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After the Civil War, contemporaries of Harriet Tubman’s maintained that she has all of the qualities of a great leader, coolness in the face of danger, an excellent sense of strategy, and an ability to plan in minute detail.

(A) Tubman’s maintained that she has
(B) Tubman’s maintain that she had
(C) Tubman’s have maintained that she had
(D) Tubman maintained that she had
(E) Tubman had maintained that she has
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Last edited by PiyushK on 05 Jul 2014, 04:38, edited 1 time in total.
Added OA.
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Re: After the Civil War, contemporaries of Harriet Tubmans [#permalink]

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New post 01 Nov 2007, 07:24
rakesh22 wrote:
After the Civil War, contemporaries of Harriet Tubman’s maintained that she has all of the qualities of a great leader, coolness in the face of danger, an excellent sense of strategy, and an ability to plan in minute detail.

(A) Tubman’s maintained that she has
(B) Tubman’s maintain that she had
(C) Tubman’s have maintained that she had
(D) Tubman maintained that she had
(E) Tubman had maintained that she has


My take is also D :)
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Re: After the Civil War, contemporaries of Harriet Tubmans [#permalink]

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New post 02 Nov 2007, 20:06
OA is D. I did not realize that 2 items of the past are used, so simple past and past perfect have to be used.
Thanks.

rakesh22 wrote:
After the Civil War, contemporaries of Harriet Tubman’s maintained that she has all of the qualities of a great leader, coolness in the face of danger, an excellent sense of strategy, and an ability to plan in minute detail.

(A) Tubman’s maintained that she has
(B) Tubman’s maintain that she had
(C) Tubman’s have maintained that she had
(D) Tubman maintained that she had
(E) Tubman had maintained that she has
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Re: After the Civil War, contemporaries of Harriet Tubmans [#permalink]

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rakesh22 wrote:
After the Civil War, contemporaries of Harriet Tubman’s maintained that she has all of the qualities of a great leader, coolness in the face of danger, an excellent sense of strategy, and an ability to plan in minute detail.

(A) Tubman’s maintained that she has
(B) Tubman’s maintain that she had
(C) Tubman’s have maintained that she had
(D) Tubman maintained that she had
(E) Tubman had maintained that she has


D.

'she' can only refer to "Tubman" and not to "Tubman's". Eliminate A B C.
First tense should be simple past and second tense should be past perfect to convey the right meaning. E past perfect first and present perfect in that order making it incorrect.
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Re: After the Civil War, contemporaries of Harriet Tubmans [#permalink]

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A,B and C are out as they have meaning error. D wins correct usage of had.
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Re: After the Civil War, contemporaries of Harriet Tubmans [#permalink]

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New post 04 Jul 2014, 09:46
GK_Gmat wrote:
rakesh22 wrote:
After the Civil War, contemporaries of Harriet Tubman’s maintained that she has all of the qualities of a great leader, coolness in the face of danger, an excellent sense of strategy, and an ability to plan in minute detail.

(A) Tubman’s maintained that she has
(B) Tubman’s maintain that she had
(C) Tubman’s have maintained that she had
(D) Tubman maintained that she had
(E) Tubman had maintained that she has


D.

'she' can only refer to "Tubman" and not to "Tubman's". Eliminate A B C.
First tense should be simple past and second tense should be past perfect to convey the right meaning. E past perfect first and present perfect in that order making it incorrect.


This can also be true in various cases-"E past perfect first and present perfect in that order making it incorrect."
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Re: After the Civil War, contemporaries of Harriet Tubmans [#permalink]

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New post 25 Aug 2015, 14:37
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Re: After the Civil War, contemporaries of Harriet Tubmans [#permalink]

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New post 18 Oct 2015, 11:55
After the Civil War, contemporaries of Harriet Tubman’s maintained that she has all of the qualities of a great leader, coolness in the face of danger, an excellent sense of strategy, and an ability to plan in minute detail.

(A) Tubman’s maintained that she has
(B) Tubman’s maintain that she had
(C) Tubman’s have maintained that she had
(D) Tubman maintained that she had
(E) Tubman had maintained that she has

Option D usage of had after she is confusing .
I don't see any sequence here

Best choice would had been

Tubman maintained that she has

as she still posses these qualities

Please correct my reasoning
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Re: After the Civil War, contemporaries of Harriet Tubmans [#permalink]

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New post 18 Oct 2015, 13:30
kanigmat011 wrote:
After the Civil War, contemporaries of Harriet Tubman’s maintained that she has all of the qualities of a great leader, coolness in the face of danger, an excellent sense of strategy, and an ability to plan in minute detail.

(A) Tubman’s maintained that she has
(B) Tubman’s maintain that she had
(C) Tubman’s have maintained that she had
(D) Tubman maintained that she had
(E) Tubman had maintained that she has

Option D usage of had after she is confusing .
I don't see any sequence here

Best choice would had been

Tubman maintained that she has

as she still posses these qualities

Please correct my reasoning


Hi,
Now we all know that a,b,and c are wrong. Now lets focus on the option D and E.
First and very important thing that we should know is when we use past tense, then it does not play any role in present not even its effects. Both options have (Tubman maintained and Tubman had maintained) sentence which refers to the past and hence the next sentence followed by 'she' must be in the past because Tubman maintained her qualities in the past. In the past, How Tubman could maintain her qualities that she possess now (if we use 'has')? Thus, logically it is flawed. Hence option E is wrong.

Moreover, here in the sentence 'had' or 'has' is not used as a verb but rather as a possessive word.

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Re: After the Civil War, contemporaries of Harriet Tubmans [#permalink]

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One thing to remember here is the fact has or had in this context is used in the ordinary meaning of ' possess ' or 'own'. It is not being used as an auxiliary verb or helping verb. So she ‘had’ means she possessed (a simple past). The word ‘contemporaries’ implies that the acts of ‘maintaining and possessing’ happened simultaneously. Hence we have to use simple past ‘maintained and had’ for both
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Re: After the Civil War, contemporaries of Harriet Tubmans [#permalink]

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New post 27 Feb 2016, 12:07
rakesh22 wrote:
After the Civil War, contemporaries of Harriet Tubman’s maintained that she has all of the qualities of a great leader, coolness in the face of danger, an excellent sense of strategy, and an ability to plan in minute detail.

(A) Tubman’s maintained that she has
(B) Tubman’s maintain that she had
(C) Tubman’s have maintained that she had
(D) Tubman maintained that she had
(E) Tubman had maintained that she has


Error Analysis
(A) Tubman’s maintained that she has
She is not a possessive pronoun. Hence can to refer to Harriet Tubman’s
The sentence is in past - hence 'has' is not correct

(B) Tubman’s maintain that she had
She is not a possessive pronoun. Hence can to refer to Harriet Tubman’s

(C) Tubman’s have maintained that she had
She is not a possessive pronoun. Hence can to refer to Harriet Tubman’s
The original sentence used simple past - "maintained" (action completed). There is no reason to change simple past to present perfect- have maintained (there is no evidence that opinion of contemporaries is maintained in present)

(D) Tubman maintained that she had - CORRECT

(E) Tubman had maintained that she has
Use of past perfect "had maintained" is incorrect. There is no two related events in past.
The sentence is in past - hence 'has' is not correct
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Re: After the Civil War, contemporaries of Harriet Tubmans   [#permalink] 27 Feb 2016, 12:07
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