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Agricultural scientists continue to search for a strain of

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Agricultural scientists continue to search for a strain of [#permalink] New post 15 Jul 2013, 07:19
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Agricultural scientists continue to search for a strain of wheat that is hardy, disease-resistant and yields more grain per acre.

A.hardy, disease-resistant and yields

B.hardy, resists disease, and that yields

C.hardy and disease-resistant and that yields

D.hardy and resist disease, yielding

E.hardy, disease-resistant, and yielding
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
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Re: Agricultural scientists continue to search for a strain of [#permalink] New post 15 Jul 2013, 17:11
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Tough one. This question is about parallelism.

Agricultural scientists continue to search for a strain of wheat that is hardy, disease-resistant and yields more grain per acre.

A.hardy, disease-resistant and yields
Wrong. Because "hardy" || disease-resistant, so there should be "and" between "hardy" and "disease-resistant" to make the parallel structure clear.

B.hardy, resists disease, and that yields
Wrong. If "that is"|| resists || yields ==> the second "that" is wrong. The correct structure should be: a strain of wheat that is hardy, resists disease and yields.....

C.hardy and disease-resistant and that yields
Correct.
"hardy" || "disease-resistant;
"that is ...." || "that yields

D.hardy and resist disease, yielding
Wrong. "a strain" is singular ==> "resist" is wrong. Should be "resists".

E.hardy, disease-resistant, and yielding
Wrong. Although the structure is parallel, the meaning is wrong. "Hardy" and "disease-resistant" are characteristics of the strain of wheat, but "yielding" is the advantage of the grains, so we cannot put them together in a parallel structure.
For example:
My professor who is tall, black-hair and who teaches math is very smart.
We can put "tall" and "black-hair" in one parallel structure, but cannot put "tall" + "black-hair" + "teach math". They are in different categories.

Hope it helps.
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Re: Agricultural scientists continue to search for a strain of [#permalink] New post 27 Apr 2014, 05:57
very good example of Parallelism . Initially i got wrong but after going to Pqhai explanations , i understood this .
We should take "and" as a parallel marker and look for words joined by "and" ,check whether these words (joined by and ) have a similar priority or make up similar idea.
Here in this question , hardy and disease -resistant are properties of strain of wheat. So these two properties have to made parallel by combing hardy "and" disease-resistant. These two properties make up similar idea/or of same rank.

Yields is advantage of Wheat and this should not be in parallel to Properties(hardy and disease resistant).So this is separated by "and" is made parallel to first "that is"
"that yields " || "that is".

Hence C:)
Re: Agricultural scientists continue to search for a strain of   [#permalink] 27 Apr 2014, 05:57
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