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Alaska regularly deposits some of its profits from the sale

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Alaska regularly deposits some of its profits from the sale [#permalink] New post 09 Jan 2013, 08:57
Expert's post
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  5% (low)

Question Stats:

56% (01:10) correct 44% (00:21) wrong based on 9 sessions
Alaska regularly deposits some of its profits from the sale of oil into a special fund, with the intention to sustain the state's economy after the exhaustion
of its oil reserves.


(A) fund, with the intention to sustain the state's economy after the exhaustion of its oil reserves.
(B) fund, the intention of which is to sustain the state's economy after they have exhausted their oil reserves
(C) fund intended to sustain the state's economy after oil reserves are exhausted
(D) fund intended to sustain the state's economy after exhausting its oil reserves
(E) fund that they intend to sustain the state's economy after oil reserves are exhausted

My preference was to D official answer is C

Apart from this i have also one query.
In choice A "with the intension .........oil reserves" seems to modify the verb 'deposits'
Inchoice C "intended to .............are exhausted" seems to modify 'fund'
How should one decide/recognize which word logically be modified by the modifier.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: clarification on tense usage [#permalink] New post 09 Jan 2013, 10:08
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My preference was to D official answer is C
(D) fund intended to sustain the state's economy after exhausting its oil reserves
-- The pronoun "its" is ambiguous, it can refer to both economy or alaska. Hence choice (D) is incorrect.



Apart from this i have also one query.
In choice A "with the intention .........oil reserves" seems to modify the verb 'deposits'
-- Choice (A) has redundant comma prefixed to "with", because of which the "with clause" appears to modify the entire first part of the sentence. Such constructions are usually less preferred in GMAT (including few OG solutions). And yes, "with intention" refers to the Alaska's action "deposits".

Inchoice C "intended to .............are exhausted" seems to modify 'fund'. How should one decide/recognize which word logically be modified by the modifier.
This is VERB-ED type modifier. Refer to below article and you will be more clear about this type of modifier.
ed-forms-verbs-or-modifiers-134691.html

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Re: clarification on tense usage [#permalink] New post 09 Jan 2013, 10:35
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C

A is incorrect because it is wordy.

B is incorrect is wordy too and uses "they" without giving it a proper antecedent. One could assume "they" refers to "Alaska", but that would also be incorrect as Alaska is not a group of anything.

D is incorrect because it implies that the fund itself will exhaust the oil reserves. D is incorrect because it modifies the sentence's meaning.

E is incorrect because of the ambiguous "they".

I hope that helps :)
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Expert Post
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Re: clarification on tense usage [#permalink] New post 10 Jan 2013, 03:07
Expert's post
PraPon wrote:
My preference was to D official answer is C
(D) fund intended to sustain the state's economy after exhausting its oil reserves
-- The pronoun "its" is ambiguous, it can refer to both economy or alaska. Hence choice (D) is incorrect.



Apart from this i have also one query.
In choice A "with the intention .........oil reserves" seems to modify the verb 'deposits'
-- Choice (A) has redundant comma prefixed to "with", because of which the "with clause" appears to modify the entire first part of the sentence. Such constructions are usually less preferred in GMAT (including few OG solutions). And yes, "with intention" refers to the Alaska's action "deposits".

Inchoice C "intended to .............are exhausted" seems to modify 'fund'. How should one decide/recognize which word logically be modified by the modifier.
This is VERB-ED type modifier. Refer to below article and you will be more clear about this type of modifier.
ed-forms-verbs-or-modifiers-134691.html


Thanks PRAPON, COMMDIVER for the article link and response.
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Re: clarification on tense usage   [#permalink] 10 Jan 2013, 03:07
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