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All German philosophers, except for Marx, are idealists.
From which of the following can the statement above be most properly inferred?
D) Marx is not an idealist German philosopher.
E) Aside from the philosopher Marx, if someone is a German philosopher, then he or she is an idealist.
Why is D wrong?
Here you must be careful to read the question: it asks which answer choice will let you draw the conclusion in the stem. It is *not* asking you which answer choice is a correct conclusion based on the stem. The question is set up 'backwards'.
So if you start with D, that 'Marx is not an idealist German philosopher', would it follow logically that 'All German philosophers besides Marx are idealists?' No, you only have information about Marx, not about any other German philosophers. So D is out. E on the other hand, is really just a rephrasing of the stem, so you can certainly draw the conclusion in the stem if you know answer E.
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D says "Marx is not an idealist German philosopher."
so from this i can infer that "Marx could be a non idealist German philosopher" which is basically what the question stem is trying to say i can also infer from D that "Marx could be an idealist French philosopher" also "Marx could be an idealist German poet" and "Marx could be a non idealist German poet"
2nd,3rd,4th inference are not consistent with the question stem and hence D is not entirely correct. E has no such problem,it is basically rephrasing the stem.
Re: Inference question - German philosophers [#permalink]
04 May 2011, 13:20
A - In other words, Marx is not German. Wrong. B - The same as A. C - Marx is not a philosopher. Wrong. D - This option doesn't allow you to conclude that the rest of German philosophers are idealists. E - Correct
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