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All, I need to pick all your brains in identifying when can

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All, I need to pick all your brains in identifying when can [#permalink] New post 22 Aug 2012, 02:40
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Question Stats:

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All, I need to pick all your brains in identifying when can we work with implied verbs/pronouns and when can we not. See below the question:

Financial Concepts of assets turnover and
liquidity ratios do not apply to new small
businesses in the same way as they do to
established big businesses, because they are
growing and are seldom in equilibrium


(A) Financial concepts of assets turnover and
liquidity ratios do not apply to new small
businesses in the same way as they do to
established big businesses, because they are
growing and are seldom in equilibrium

(B) Financial concepts of assets turnover and
liquidity ratios do not apply to new small
businesses because they are growing and are
seldom in equilibrium, unlike established big
businesses

(C) New small businesses are not subject to
financial concepts of assets turnover and
liquidity ratios in the same way as established
businesses are, because they are growing and
seldom in equilibrium

(D) Because new small businesses are growing
and seldom in equilibrium, financial concepts of
assets turnover and liquidity ratios do not apply
to them in the same way as to established big
businesses

(E) Financial concepts of assets turnover and
liquidity ratios do not apply to new small
businesses that are growing and seldom in
equilibrium; but these concepts apply to
established big businesses












I am sure most of you must have figured out that in the last part of the sentence, "because they are ...", they clearly has no antecedent and hence the sentence is written incorrectly.

My question is that in the correct choice D, shouldn't are in "Because new small businesses are growing and seldom in equilibrium..." be used before seldom in equilibrium too? In other words shouldn't the sentence say "Because new small businesses are growing and are seldom in equilibrium..".

Similarly in the later part of the sentence shouldn't it read "...financial concepts of assets turnover and liquidity ratios do not apply to them in the same way as they do to established big businesses." instead of ".....financial concepts of assets turnover and liquidity ratios do not apply to them in the same way as to established big businesses."

My overarching question is that how should one find out if the implied verb/pronoun is used correctly or not.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
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Re: Implied verbs/pronouns. [#permalink] New post 22 Aug 2012, 08:12
pankajattri wrote:

My question is that in the correct choice D, shouldn't are in "Because new small businesses are growing and seldom in equilibrium..." be used before seldom in equilibrium too? In other words shouldn't the sentence say "Because new small businesses are growing and are seldom in equilibrium..".

Similarly in the later part of the sentence shouldn't it read "...financial concepts of assets turnover and liquidity ratios do not apply to them in the same way as they do to established big businesses." instead of ".....financial concepts of assets turnover and liquidity ratios do not apply to them in the same way as to established big businesses."



I have the same doubt. Can someone please clarify?
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Re: All, I need to pick all your brains in identifying when can [#permalink] New post 27 Aug 2012, 03:46
Financial Concepts of assets turnover and liquidity ratios do not apply to new small businesses in the same way as they do to established big businesses, because they are growing and are seldom in equilibrium

(A) Financial concepts of assets turnover and
liquidity ratios do not apply to new small
businesses in the same way as they do to
established big businesses, because they are
growing and are seldom in equilibrium

They is ambiguous = not clear refers back to Big or small business = Eliminated
(B) Financial concepts of assets turnover and
liquidity ratios do not apply to new small
businesses because they are growing and are
seldom in equilibrium, unlike established big
businesses

If we reverse and reread : unlike big businesses , .................( This place should be filled by Small Businesses as it implies a contrast ) = Not the case here = Eliminated
(C) New small businesses are not subject to
financial concepts of assets turnover and
liquidity ratios in the same way as established
businesses are, because they are growing and
seldom in equilibrium

Same Reason : They is ambiguous = Eliminated
(D) Because new small businesses are growing
and seldom in equilibrium, financial concepts of
assets turnover and liquidity ratios do not apply
to them in the same way as to established big
businesses

Perfect : because X are growing, Financial concepts do not apply to them in the same way as to Z ( Them refers back to small businesses , leaving no room for ambiguity )
(E) Financial concepts of assets turnover and
liquidity ratios do not apply to new small
businesses that are growing and seldom in
equilibrium; but these concepts apply to
established big businesses

FANBOY concept : incorrect usage of semicolon.
Leading to D = my take

D : later half ========= Financial concepts do not apply to X in the same way AS TO Y

Split it : Finacial concepts do not apply to X in the same way..................... AS.............. Financial concepts apply (Implied) to Y
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Re: All, I need to pick all your brains in identifying when can [#permalink] New post 30 Aug 2012, 14:32
I think answer is B. I do not agree with D as the OA. Can experts comment on this question pls.
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Re: All, I need to pick all your brains in identifying when can [#permalink] New post 31 Aug 2012, 00:40
The intent : Because S & B are not on the same page .........Finacial concepts do not apply to Small businesses & Big businesses in the same way.

Some traits of SMALL Business & BIG Business are compared : Growth / Equllibrium

The structure of B is wrong : Unlike X,...Y is the correct one

Unlike Big businesses, Small businesses are growing = Correct structure = Correct comparison

B : Unlike Big business, Finacial concepts do not apply to .......... = Incorrect Comparison

Thus B is wrong
Re: All, I need to pick all your brains in identifying when can   [#permalink] 31 Aug 2012, 00:40
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