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All languages known to have exactly six basic color terms

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All languages known to have exactly six basic color terms [#permalink] New post 15 Nov 2011, 16:35
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All languages known to have exactly six basic color terms describe the same six colors – black, white, red, green, blue and yellow – corresponding to the primary neural responses revealed in studies of human color perception. In addition, all languages known to have only three basic color terms distinguish among “black,” “white,” and “red.” This evidence shows that the way in which the mind recognizes differences among colored objects is not influenced by culture.
Which of the following, if true, most seriously weakens the argument above?

A. While languages differ in their number of basic color terms, no language has been conclusively determined to have more than eleven such terms.
B. Every language contains mechanisms by which speakers who perceive subtle differences in hue can describe those differences.
C. Among cultures employing only three color terms, the word “red” typically encompasses not only objects that would be called red in English but also those that would be called yellow.
D. Several languages, such as Vietnamese and Pashto, use a single term to mean both blue and green, but speakers of such languages commonly refer to tree leaves or the sky to resolve ambiguous utterances.
E. In a study of native speakers of Tarahumara, a language that does not distinguish between blue and green, respondents were less able to identify distinctions among blue and green chips than native speakers of Spanish, which does distinguish between blue and green.

[Reveal] Spoiler: My Doubt
Why E and not D?
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Last edited by PiyushK on 03 Sep 2014, 21:54, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: All languages known to have exactly six basic color terms [#permalink] New post 16 Nov 2011, 02:17
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Conclusion: the way in which the mind recognizes differences among colored objects is not influenced by culture.

Quote:
D. Several languages, such as Vietnamese and Pashto, use a single term to mean both blue and green, but speakers of such languages commonly refer to tree leaves or the sky to resolve ambiguous utterances.


The single terms of both colors blue and green are recognized by the thought referring those colors to certain object. Not talk about anything culture have effects on ability to recognize.

Quote:
E. In a study of native speakers of Tarahumara, a language that does not distinguish between blue and green, respondents were less able to identify distinctions among blue and green chips than native speakers of Spanish, which does distinguish between blue and green.


Language of Tarahumara does not distinguish btw blue and green => cannot recognize the different color
Spanish distinguishes btw blue and green => can recognize the different color

Languages (can be consider culture) have influences on the ability of mind to recognize color

Hope that help.
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Re: All languages known to have exactly six basic color terms [#permalink] New post 01 Sep 2014, 10:09
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Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

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Re: All languages known to have exactly six basic color terms   [#permalink] 01 Sep 2014, 10:09
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