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All plants need light to have a suitable climate, an ample

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All plants need light to have a suitable climate, an ample [#permalink]

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New post 06 Nov 2010, 08:31
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All plants need light to have a suitable climate, an ample supply of water, and minerals from the soil.

a) to have a suitable climate, an ample supply of water, and minerals from the soil
b) for a suitable climate to have an ample supply of water and minerals from the soil
c) and a suitable climate which provides an ample supply of water and minerals from the soil
d) an ample supply of water and minerals from the soil in order to have a suitable climate
e) in order to have a suitable climate of an ample water supply and minerals of the soil

[Reveal] Spoiler:
[I don't get how "climate" can provide minerals... climate refers to 'meteorological conditions'; so I thought C didn't make sense and picked A, which also doesn't make sense as light can't provide all those things either...]
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
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Re: SC - from GMAT club grammar book - practice test 4 [#permalink]

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New post 06 Nov 2010, 19:51
yup, that's what it says

but in A can't you read

[highlight]All plants need light[/highlight] to have a suitable climate STOP, an ample supply of water, and minerals from the soil.

If you read "need light to have" as extending to "an ample supply of water, and minerals" then yeah it doesn't make sense... but why must it always link up that way?

Also in C how can "climate" provide minerals?
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Re: SC - from GMAT club grammar book - practice test 4 [#permalink]

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New post 06 Nov 2010, 21:45
I answered C, but couldn't answer your question.

After googling a while, I found these definitions from Wikipeida.

Soil is a natural body consisting of layers (soil horizons) of mineral constituents of variable thicknesses, which differ from the parent materials in their morphological, physical, chemical, and mineralogical characteristics.[1] It is composed of particles of broken rock that have been altered by chemical and environmental processes that include weathering and erosion. Soil differs from its parent rock due to interactions between the lithosphere, hydrosphere, atmosphere, and the biosphere.[2] It is a mixture of mineral and organic constituents that are in solid, gaseous and aqueous states.[3][4]

Weathering is the breaking down of Earth's rocks, soils and minerals through direct contact with the planet's atmosphere. Weathering occurs in situ, or "with no movement", and thus should not be confused with erosion, which involves the movement of rocks and minerals by agents such as water, ice, wind, and gravity.
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Re: All plants need light to have a suitable climate, an ample [#permalink]

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New post 26 Feb 2016, 00:35
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Re: All plants need light to have a suitable climate, an ample [#permalink]

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New post 27 Feb 2016, 00:14
gmat1011 wrote:
All plants need light to have a suitable climate, an ample supply of water, and minerals from the soil.

a) to have a suitable climate, an ample supply of water, and minerals from the soil
b) for a suitable climate to have an ample supply of water and minerals from the soil
c) and a suitable climate which provides an ample supply of water and minerals from the soil
d) an ample supply of water and minerals from the soil in order to have a suitable climate
e) in order to have a suitable climate of an ample water supply and minerals of the soil

[Reveal] Spoiler:
[I don't get how "climate" can provide minerals... climate refers to 'meteorological conditions'; so I thought C didn't make sense and picked A, which also doesn't make sense as light can't provide all those things either...]


Good one left me tickling my brain for a few minutes and after POA reached the correct answer....

The sentence presents a list -

All plants need
light and
a suitable climate which provides an ample supply of water and minerals from the soil

Though (C) too doesn't look good we have no other healthy option , choosing (C) best among the rest.
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Re: All plants need light to have a suitable climate, an ample [#permalink]

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New post 27 Feb 2016, 21:33
Can some one tell me "Which" not preceded by a comma modifies the entire clause or the subject of the sentence?
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Re: All plants need light to have a suitable climate, an ample [#permalink]

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New post 28 Feb 2016, 02:16
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"Which" never modifies a clause. With or without a comma, it will always modify the preceding noun or noun phrase. In this sentence, "which" serves the function normally filled by "that" on the GMAT: to introduce an essential modifier. Perhaps "which" has been used this way on the GMAT, but I can't think of a case where it has, and that's certainly not the norm.

Overall, this just isn't a very good sentence. The "correct" answer simply doesn't meet the standards of grammar and meaning that we'd see on the GMAT. For instance, it doesn't make sense to say that the climate provides "minerals from the soil." Stick with official questions as much as possible if you want to learn the rules of written English as applied on the test.
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Re: All plants need light to have a suitable climate, an ample [#permalink]

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New post 28 Feb 2016, 06:52
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sowragu wrote:
Can some one tell me "Which" not preceded by a comma modifies the entire clause or the subject of the sentence?


Hi,
'which' is always used in non-restrictive clauses, although the OG does mention that 'which' can be used in restrictive clauses too..
But as [b]DmitryFarber
says, No Q that uses which in this role or also in restrictive role has been normally seen on actual GMAT..
A wrong Q to practice[/b]
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Re: All plants need light to have a suitable climate, an ample [#permalink]

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New post 29 Feb 2016, 18:05
gmat1011 wrote:
All plants need light to have a suitable climate, an ample supply of water, and minerals from the soil.

a) to have a suitable climate, an ample supply of water, and minerals from the soil
b) for a suitable climate to have an ample supply of water and minerals from the soil
c) and a suitable climate which provides an ample supply of water and minerals from the soil
d) an ample supply of water and minerals from the soil in order to have a suitable climate
e) in order to have a suitable climate of an ample water supply and minerals of the soil

[Reveal] Spoiler:
[I don't get how "climate" can provide minerals... climate refers to 'meteorological conditions'; so I thought C didn't make sense and picked A, which also doesn't make sense as light can't provide all those things either...]

Seems wrong. "Which" always needs a comma before.
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Re: All plants need light to have a suitable climate, an ample [#permalink]

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New post 02 Mar 2016, 12:17
Expert's post
anonimo wrote:
gmat1011 wrote:
All plants need light to have a suitable climate, an ample supply of water, and minerals from the soil.

a) to have a suitable climate, an ample supply of water, and minerals from the soil
b) for a suitable climate to have an ample supply of water and minerals from the soil
c) and a suitable climate which provides an ample supply of water and minerals from the soil
d) an ample supply of water and minerals from the soil in order to have a suitable climate
e) in order to have a suitable climate of an ample water supply and minerals of the soil

[Reveal] Spoiler:
[I don't get how "climate" can provide minerals... climate refers to 'meteorological conditions'; so I thought C didn't make sense and picked A, which also doesn't make sense as light can't provide all those things either...]

Seems wrong. "Which" always needs a comma before.


Yes, your observation is correct. A non-essential modifier (also known as non-restrictive adjective clause) must be separated by commas, whereas an essential modifier (restrictive adjective clause) does not take a comma.

The relative pronoun which introduces the former and the relative pronoun that introduces the latter.
Re: All plants need light to have a suitable climate, an ample   [#permalink] 02 Mar 2016, 12:17
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