All social systems are based upon a division of economic : GMAT Critical Reasoning (CR)
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# All social systems are based upon a division of economic

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Manager
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All social systems are based upon a division of economic [#permalink]

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08 Oct 2009, 13:20
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All social systems are based upon a division of economic roles. The values of a social system are embodied in the prestige accorded persons who fill various economic roles. It is therefore unsurprising that, for any social system, the introduction of labor-saving technology that makes certain economic roles obsolete will tend to undermine the values in that social system.
Which one of the following can most reasonably be concluded on the basis of the information above?

(A) Social systems will have unchanging values if they are shielded from technological advancement.

(B) No type of technology will fail to undermine the values in a social system.

(C) A social system whose values are not susceptible to change would not be one in which technology can eliminate economic roles.

(D) A technologically advanced society will place little value on the prestige associated with an economic role.

(E) A technological innovation that is implemented in a social system foreign to the one in which it was developed will tend to undermine the foreign social system.
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06 Jul 2010, 22:20
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Easy. just look at strong words and eliminate too strong statements. Only C remains.

(A) Social systems will have unchanging values if they are shielded from technological advancement. -too strong , sure ? can you predict future?

(B) No type of technology will fail to undermine the values in a social system. -too strong

(C) A social system whose values are not susceptible to change would not be one in which technology can eliminate economic roles. -Whenever we see 2 different nagative connotations expressed in one sentence in 2 diferrent ideas, it is basically done to complicate our reasoning.
C converted - A social system whose values are susceptible to change would be one in which technology can eliminate economic roles.
Technology can eliminate economic roles in social systems. = to to what is stated in stimuli.

(D) A technologically advanced society will place little value on the prestige associated with an economic role. -too strong , sure ? can you predict future?

(E) A technological innovation that is implemented in a social system foreign to the one in which it was developed will tend to undermine the foreign social system. - too strong.
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Re: All social systems are based upon a division of economic [#permalink]

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05 Aug 2012, 21:28
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skg wrote:
All social systems are based upon a division of economic roles. The values of a social system are embodied in the prestige accorded persons who fill various economic roles. It is therefore unsurprising that, for any social system, the introduction of labor-saving technology that makes certain economic roles obsolete will tend to undermine the values in that social system.
Which one of the following can most reasonably be concluded on the basis of the information above?

(A) Social systems will have unchanging values if they are shielded from technological advancement.

(B) No type of technology will fail to undermine the values in a social system.

(C) A social system whose values are not susceptible to change would not be one in which technology can eliminate economic roles.

(D) A technologically advanced society will place little value on the prestige associated with an economic role.

(E) A technological innovation that is implemented in a social system foreign to the one in which it was developed will tend to undermine the foreign social system.

The key to this question lies in realizing that all technology/technological innovations are not labor-saving and hence do not lead to disappearance of economic roles.
Options A, B, D and E talk about technology, not about labor-saving technology. Hence, none of them can be inferred.

(A) Social systems will have unchanging values if they are shielded from technological advancement.

(B) No type of technology will fail to undermine the values in a social system.
All technology is not labor saving technology. So ignore it.

(C) A social system whose values are not susceptible to change would not be one in which technology can eliminate economic roles.
When economic roles are eliminated, values change. If values do not change, it means technology is not eliminating economic roles i.e. the society does not develop labor-saving economic-role-eliminating technology. This is correct.

(D) A technologically advanced society will place little value on the prestige associated with an economic role.
Again, a technologically advanced society doesn't mean there are no economic roles. The roles could be different from the roles in a labor intensive society.

(E) A technological innovation that is implemented in a social system foreign to the one in which it was developed will tend to undermine the foreign social system.
Technological innovation doesn't necessarily mean labor saving technological innovation so ignore it right away.
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10 Oct 2009, 05:08
Can someone please explain this CR
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11 Oct 2009, 10:24
Here is the summary of CR:
The values in the system resembles to the prestige of persons who have certain economic roles.
The introduction of X technology shall reduce economomic roles, eventullay decreasing the values in the system.

IMO D.

A.Too harsh to conclude.
B.Too harsh to conclude.
C.Cannot be concluded.
D.Correct
E.Out of scope.

OA pls
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11 Oct 2009, 10:41
D sounds good but I am inclined more towards E. Even E looks a bit out of scope but still I feel it is better than D.

I go for E OA pls?
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12 Oct 2009, 03:04
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12 Oct 2009, 04:46
C is my answer. Waiting for OA
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05 Jul 2010, 15:02
C states that " A social system whose values are not susceptible to change would not be one in which technology can eliminate economic roles." while the stimilus states that "the introduction of labor-saving technology that makes certain economic roles obselete". Please note the words eliminate in option and certain roles in stimulus.
C option is too strong to be true as we cannot conclude whether technology can eliminate economic rules or not.
D is the only option that says that techonology society will hold little value for the economic rule that can be logically concluded from the stimulus.

Thus D is better choice than C.
Hope I am able to clear your doubts.
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05 Jul 2010, 21:06
I would say D, but the phrase 'A technologically advanced society' in the option makes me think otherwise as the passage states only the introduction of l-s technology.
i am not sure if it can be concluded as A technologically advanced society.

Option C is likely true, guess it can be concluded.

am i missing something?
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05 Jul 2010, 23:43
straight C
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06 Jul 2010, 06:30
C for me:

technology --> makes economic roles obsolete --> leads to change in values of Social system

C says:

No change in social value --> therefore technology didnt eliminate economic roles
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08 Jul 2010, 21:56
I will vote for D. What is the OA/
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22 Jul 2010, 06:05
c for me
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22 Jul 2010, 08:00
Ans C for me. Please post the OA.
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22 Jul 2010, 09:12
A. The stem talks about changes is social systems that are influenced by technologies. The social systems that are shielded from tech advancements will not change... they still may change for other reasons.
B. Wrong. According to the stem, only the ones that erase a labor role.
C. Right. If values don't change, it means that technology did not eliminate economic roles, since according to the stem the values tend to change.
D. Makes sense, but still, what level of technological advance we need to make obsolete most economic roles?
E. It could be right, but it's too much of a stretch to conclude this from the stem given.
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22 Jul 2010, 15:53
I went for C.

(C) A social system whose values are not susceptible to change would not be one in which technology can eliminate economic roles. - The double negation can confuse things, but, IMO, that is exactly what question stem states. I think we can rewrite it like this, without the double negation: A social system whose values are susceptible to change would be one in which technology can eliminate economic roles.

(D) A technologically advanced society will place little value on the prestige associated with an economic role. - The stem clearly says that "the introduction of labor-saving technology that makes certain economic roles obsolete". Seems to me that only some roles will lost prestige. Therefore, it is still possible to have some prestigious roles even in a technologically advanced society.
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28 Jul 2010, 21:48
I am the odd one out went for A .........C also looks very good after removing negations ...just that I don't want to consider that ....

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29 Jul 2010, 20:12
I am with C as well.. Please post the OA..
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29 Jul 2010, 20:22
shud be C
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