Almost a decade after New York State passed laws to protect : GMAT Sentence Correction (SC)
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# Almost a decade after New York State passed laws to protect

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Almost a decade after New York State passed laws to protect [#permalink]

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09 Sep 2013, 04:39
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Almost a decade after New York State passed laws to protect patients by reducing the grueling hours worked by medical residents, twelve hospitals have been investigated by state medical officials, finding that all twelve consistently break the laws, many residents work longer than 24 hours straight, and that more than half the surgical residents work more than 95 hours a week.

A) twelve hospitals have been investigated by state medical officials, finding that all twelve consistently break the laws, many residents work longer than 24 hours straight, and that more than half the surgical residents work
B) an investigation by state medical officials of twelve hospitals have found all twelve consistently breaking the laws, that many residents work longer than 24 hours straight, with more than half the surgical residents working
C) an investigation of twelve hospitals by state medical officials has found that all twelve consistently break the laws, that many residents work longer than 24 hours straight, and that more than half the surgical residents work
D) twelve hospitals were investigated by state medical officials who found all twelve breaking the laws, with many residents working longer than 24 hours straight, and more than half the surgical residents work
E) an investigation by state medical officials has found that, of twelve hospitals, all twelve consistently break the laws, that many residents work longer than 24 hours straight, with more than half the surgical residents working
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
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Re: Almost a decade after New York State passed laws to protect [#permalink]

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09 Sep 2013, 04:45
C) an investigation of twelve hospitals by state medical officials has found that all twelve consistently break the laws, that many residents work longer than 24 hours straight, and that more than half the surgical residents work.

E) an investigation by state medical officials has found that, of twelve hospitals, all twelve consistently break the laws, that many residents work longer than 24 hours straight, with more than half the surgical residents working

i did not select C thinking "an investigation of twelve hospitals by state medical officials". gives a meaning as if the investigation is conducted by twelve hospitals.

Can some one tell me what is the Error in option E.

an investigation has found that

a. all twelve consistently break the laws
b. that many residents work longer than 24 hours straight [with more than half the surgical residents working - modifies b]
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Re: Almost a decade after New York State passed laws to protect [#permalink]

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09 Sep 2013, 04:58
Hi!
I think the main difference is in the way the last sentence is linked to the earlier one :- xyz residents work 24 hour shifts and pqr surgical residents (nit the same, but potentially different set of residents) working 95 hour weeks.

Option E incorrectly uses "with" to join the last sentence implying that the pqr is from within the abc, which we know need not be true. Option C is a mute correct way of stating the facts.

Hope it helps!
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Re: Almost a decade after New York State passed laws to protect [#permalink]

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16 Oct 2013, 20:26
To all the guys who answered this question correctly in 1 min or under, I jus have one question, "How?"
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Re: Almost a decade after New York State passed laws to protect [#permalink]

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16 Oct 2013, 21:15
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A) twelve hospitals have been investigated by state medical officials, finding that all twelve consistently break the laws, many residents work longer than 24 hours straight, and that more than half the surgical residents work---- Incorrect, because first Investigation has found that hospitals break the laws not state offices or the tweleve hospitals like this sentence implies. Also the many... and that is not parallel.
B) an investigation by state medical officials of twelve hospitals have found all twelve consistently breaking the laws, that many residents work longer than 24 hours straight, with more than half the surgical residents working---- An investigation does not match with have. SVA error.
C) an investigation of twelve hospitals by state medical officials has found that all twelve consistently break the laws, that many residents work longer than 24 hours straight, and that more than half the surgical residents work--- CORRECT.
D) twelve hospitals were investigated by state medical officials who found all twelve breaking the laws, with many residents working longer than 24 hours straight, and more than half the surgical residents work---- Not parallel. the investigation has found, not the state medical officials.
E) an investigation by state medical officials has found that, of twelve hospitals, all twelve consistently break the laws, that many residents work longer than 24 hours straight, with more than half the surgical residents working--- with is incorrectly used. Also the of twelve hospitals, all twelve sounds words and awkward.
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Re: Almost a decade after New York State passed laws to protect [#permalink]

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05 Oct 2015, 07:08
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Re: Almost a decade after New York State passed laws to protect [#permalink]

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06 Oct 2015, 05:45
A) twelve hospitals have been investigated by state medical officials, finding that all twelve consistently break the laws, many residents work longer than 24 hours straight, and that more than half the surgical residents work ---- “that” parallelism is flouted in the list.
B) an investigation by state medical officials of twelve hospitals have found all twelve consistently breaking the laws, that many residents work longer than 24 hours straight, with more than half the surgical residents working--- investigation .. have found --- SV number error

C) an investigation of twelve hospitals by state medical officials has found that all twelve consistently break the laws, that many residents work longer than 24 hours straight, and that more than half the surgical residents work --- Correct list parallelism maintained

D) twelve hospitals were investigated by state medical officials who found all twelve breaking the laws, with many residents working longer than 24 hours straight, and more than half the surgical residents work ---- list parallelism fouled

E) an investigation by state medical officials has found that, of twelve hospitals, all twelve consistently break the laws, that many residents work longer than 24 hours straight, with more than half the surgical residents working --- List parallelism flouted
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Re: Almost a decade after New York State passed laws to protect [#permalink]

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06 May 2016, 00:08
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Hello Experts,
Thank you for the explanations but I just cannot get 1 question of my mind - How can an investigation find something (on its own)? I ruled out option C first, thinking that it has to be the people doing the investigation who find whatever they have to.
Kindly help me understand what am I missing here?

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Re: Almost a decade after New York State passed laws to protect [#permalink]

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08 May 2016, 14:33
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Nab77 wrote:
Hello Experts,
Thank you for the explanations but I just cannot get 1 question of my mind - How can an investigation find something (on its own)? I ruled out option C first, thinking that it has to be the people doing the investigation who find whatever they have to.
Kindly help me understand what am I missing here?

This is official GMAT question. Thus, simply keep in mind that GMAT allows the usage " investigation has found". The following example is somewhat similar:

Investigation has revealed that....

One may argue that investigation on its own did not reveal anything - the investigators did. Yet the above usage is valid. Similarly Investigation has found... is also valid as per GMAT.
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Re: Almost a decade after New York State passed laws to protect [#permalink]

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08 May 2016, 23:23
sayantanc2k wrote:
Nab77 wrote:
Hello Experts,
Thank you for the explanations but I just cannot get 1 question of my mind - How can an investigation find something (on its own)? I ruled out option C first, thinking that it has to be the people doing the investigation who find whatever they have to.
Kindly help me understand what am I missing here?

This is official GMAT question. Thus, simply keep in mind that GMAT allows the usage " investigation has found". The following example is somewhat similar:

Investigation has revealed that....

One may argue that investigation on its own did not reveal anything - the investigators did. Yet the above usage is valid. Similarly Investigation has found... is also valid as per GMAT.

Sure this helps! Thank you for taking the time out to explain
Re: Almost a decade after New York State passed laws to protect   [#permalink] 08 May 2016, 23:23
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