Almost a decade after New York State passed laws to protect : GMAT Sentence Correction (SC)
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# Almost a decade after New York State passed laws to protect

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Almost a decade after New York State passed laws to protect [#permalink]

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05 Jun 2010, 01:07
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Almost a decade after New York State passed laws to protect patients by reducing the grueling hours worked by medical residents, twelve hospitals have been investigated by state medical officials, finding that all twelve consistently break the laws, many residents work longer than 24 hours straight, and that more than half the surgical residents work more than 95 hours a week.

A) twelve hospitals have been investigated by state medical officials, finding that all twelve consistently break the laws, many residents work longer than 24 hours straight, and that more than half the surgical residents work
B) an investigation by state medical officials of twelve hospitals have found all twelve consistently breaking the laws, that many residents work longer than 24 hours straight, with more than half the surgical residents working
C) an investigation of twelve hospitals by state medical officials has found that all twelve consistently break the laws, that many residents work longer than 24 hours straight, and that more than half the surgical residents work
D) twelve hospitals were investigated by state medical officials who found all twelve breaking the laws, with many residents working longer than 24 hours straight, and more than half the surgical residents work
E) an investigation by state medical officials has found that, of twelve hospitals, all twelve consistently break the laws, that many residents work longer than 24 hours straight, with more than half the surgical residents working

[Reveal] Spoiler: OE
OG Verbal Review 2, SC Question# 61

Parallelism; Logical predication

This sentence is primarily concerned with presenting the findings of an investigation, so the main subject should be investigation, and the main verb should be has found. The findings are most efficiently presented in a parallel series of relative clauses beginning with that.

A) The phrase finding that all. . . has nothing to attach to in this sentence, because hospitals has been made the subject of the sentence; the items in the list of findings are not presented in parallel form.
B) The singular subject requires a singular verb; the items in the list of findings are not. presented in parallel form.
C) Correct. The sentence's structure makes it clear and logical.
D) The preposition with governs both examples of how the hospitals break the law, so parallelism requires that both verbs assume the ing ending.
E) The sentence is repetitive and indirect; the list of findings is not presented in parallel form.

[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
If you have any questions
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Re: investigations of the hospitals [#permalink]

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05 Jun 2010, 07:40
C for "that ||ism"

Others break the || ism.

C. an investigation of twelve hospitals by state medical officials has found [highlight]that[/highlight]all twelve consistently break the laws, [highlight]that[/highlight]many residents work longer than 24 hours straight, [highlight]and that[/highlight] more than half the surgical residents work
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Re: investigations of the hospitals [#permalink]

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11 Jun 2010, 07:33
It was between C and D for me. I picked D for the following reasons

Though I liked C for parallelism I found it awkward because it says "an investigation........has found that all twelve consistently break the laws, that many residents work longer than 24 hours straight, and that more than half the surgical residents work"

"investgation....has found" is awkward compared to "state medical officials who found" (D)

whereas D says.....

twelve hospitals were investigated by state medical officials who found all twelve breaking the laws, with many residents working longer than 24 hours straight, and more than half the surgical residents work

I would like expert comments on this.
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Re: investigations of the hospitals [#permalink]

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11 Jun 2010, 07:37
IMO C for the reason stated by nusmavrik.

D is not parallel in construction - twelve hospitals were investigated by state medical officials who found all twelve breaking the laws, with many residents working longer than 24 hours straight, and more than half the surgical residents work

Hope that helps.
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Re: investigations of the hospitals [#permalink]

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17 Jun 2010, 10:40
In B, the subject is investigation; "by state medical officials" and "of twelve hospitals" immediately following the subject (investigation) are preopositional phrases and hence the verb (have found) becomes incorrect because being plural it can't go with the singular subject "investigation". I immediately ruled out B because of this even though I understood that it was the officials who were doing the finding and not the investigation.

Now while whether INVESTIGATION can actually FIND something might be debatable - all other choices apart from D break parallelism and have some grammatical error or the other. The only issue with D was whether Investigation can actually DO the finding. I went with D by POE but to be honest I had the exact same doubt that you have.

gmatcracker2010 wrote:
Almost a decade after New York State passed laws to protect patients by reducing the grueling hours worked by medical residents, twelve hospitals have been investigated by state medical officials, finding that all twelve consistently break the laws, many residents work longer than 24 hours straight, and that more than half the surgical residents work more than 95 hours a week.

A. twelve hospitals have been investigated by state medical officials, finding that all twelve consistently break the laws, many residents work longer than 24 hours straight, and that more than half the surgical residents work
B. an investigation by state medical officials of twelve hospitals have found all twelve consistently breaking the laws, that many residents work longer than 24 hours straight, with more than half the surgical residents working
C. an investigation of twelve hospitals by state medical officials has found that all twelve consistently break the laws, that many residents work longer than 24 hours straight, and that more than half the surgical residents work
D. twelve hospitals were investigated by state medical officials who found all twelve breaking the laws, with many residents working longer than 24 hours straight, and more than half the surgical residents work
E. an investigation by state medical officials has found that, of twelve hospitals, all twelve consistently break the laws, that many residents work longer than 24 hours straight, with more than half the surgical residents working

The Oa is
[Reveal] Spoiler:
c

I am confused here. The OA says investigation has found as in C. But i think its not investigation but the officials have found. Hence Oa is not C but B which has 'have found'. Any thoughts here?
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Re: investigations of the hospitals [#permalink]

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22 Apr 2011, 05:22
Does B contain also an error of parallelism?, or just S-V agreement and change of the meaning?

In C, when you have to make a list of clauses parallel, can you omit the first word (that) in the second and the rest of clauses?

Why does ykaiim mention that "a sub-clause starting with with+.....verb+ing is always wrong"? I think that there is not a clause; there is a phrase.
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Re: investigations of the hospitals [#permalink]

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22 Apr 2011, 22:36
C it is...
A and D are out because the initial sentence should modify "an investigation" and not the hospitals...
B- found requires "that".. Also "has" is required and not "have"
between C and E.. sentence structure in C is more parallel than E.. Moreover E has modifier issues.. When "of twelve hospitals" is removed, the sentence does not make sense...

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Re: investigations of the hospitals [#permalink]

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23 Apr 2011, 16:12
I thought of D. 'Investigation...has' investigation is already finished so isn't it should be 'investigation...had'?
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Re: investigations of the hospitals [#permalink]

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26 Apr 2011, 04:40
The answer must be "C" as the verbs "found, work & work" are parallel!!
gmatcracker2010 wrote:
Almost a decade after New York State passed laws to protect patients by reducing the grueling hours worked by medical residents, twelve hospitals have been investigated by state medical officials, finding that all twelve consistently break the laws, many residents work longer than 24 hours straight, and that more than half the surgical residents work more than 95 hours a week.

A. twelve hospitals have been investigated by state medical officials, finding that all twelve consistently break the laws, many residents work longer than 24 hours straight, and that more than half the surgical residents work
B. an investigation by state medical officials of twelve hospitals have found all twelve consistently breaking the laws, that many residents work longer than 24 hours straight, with more than half the surgical residents working
C. an investigation of twelve hospitals by state medical officials has found that all twelve consistently break the laws, that many residents work longer than 24 hours straight, and that more than half the surgical residents work
D. twelve hospitals were investigated by state medical officials who found all twelve breaking the laws, with many residents working longer than 24 hours straight, and more than half the surgical residents work
E. an investigation by state medical officials has found that, of twelve hospitals, all twelve consistently break the laws, that many residents work longer than 24 hours straight, with more than half the surgical residents working

The Oa is
[Reveal] Spoiler:
c

I am confused here. The OA says investigation has found as in C. But i think its not investigation but the officials have found. Hence Oa is not C but B which has 'have found'. Any thoughts here?

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Re: investigations of the hospitals [#permalink]

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01 Oct 2011, 11:37
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C is the answer.and btw http://www.nytimes.com/1998/05/19/nyreg ... all&src=pm
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Re: investigations of the hospitals [#permalink]

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02 Oct 2011, 05:04
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LalaB wrote:
C is the answer.and btw http://www.nytimes.com/1998/05/19/nyreg ... all&src=pm

Good find.
I have often come across sentences picked from these news sources especially nytimes.
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Re: investigations of the hospitals [#permalink]

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03 Oct 2011, 02:44
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Think C should be the answer as it is parallel and clear in meaning
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Re: VR2 SC- Grueling hours worked by medical residents [#permalink]

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03 Oct 2011, 15:29
C! a great question... time consuming with how lengthy it is... :/ hard to solve this one in under a minute.
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Re: VR2 SC- Grueling hours worked by medical residents [#permalink]

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01 Nov 2011, 21:45
[quote="gmatcracker2010"]Almost a decade after New York State passed laws to protect patients by reducing the grueling hours worked by medical residents, twelve hospitals have been investigated by state medical officials, finding that all twelve consistently break the laws, many residents work longer than 24 hours straight, and that more than half the surgical residents work more than 95 hours a week.

A) twelve hospitals have been investigated by state medical officials, finding that all twelve consistently break the laws, many residents work longer than 24 hours straight, and that more than half the surgical residents work
B) an investigation by state medical officials of twelve hospitals have found all twelve consistently breaking the laws, that many residents work longer than 24 hours straight, with more than half the surgical residents working
C) an investigation of twelve hospitals by state medical officials has found that all twelve consistently break the laws, that many residents work longer than 24 hours straight, and that more than half the surgical residents work
D) twelve hospitals were investigated by state medical officials who found all twelve breaking the laws, with many residents working longer than 24 hours straight, and more than half the surgical residents work
E) an investigation by state medical officials has found that, of twelve hospitals, all twelve consistently break the laws, that many residents work longer than 24 hours straight, with more than half the surgical residents working

C maintains parallelism. Easily the best option. Good question though.
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Re: Almost a decade after New York State passed laws to protect [#permalink]

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02 Nov 2011, 13:41
C is good in parallelism "found that..., that..., and that..."
active voice is preferred in GMAT to passive voice
and "an investigation...has found..."
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Re: Almost a decade after New York State passed laws to protect [#permalink]

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02 Nov 2011, 15:14
I got D first.. but C maintains parallelism. +1 C
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Re: Almost a decade after New York State passed laws to protect [#permalink]

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03 Nov 2011, 07:16
C maintains the "work" & "that" parralellism.
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Re: Almost a decade after New York State passed laws to protect [#permalink]

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03 Jan 2013, 01:23
this one took 2: 17 to solve.. a tough one I must say..
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Re: Almost a decade after New York State passed laws to protect [#permalink]

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03 Sep 2013, 19:05
Almost a decade after New York State passed laws to protect patients by reducing the grueling hours worked by medical residents, twelve hospitals have been investigated by state medical officials, finding that all twelve consistently break the laws, many residents work longer than 24 hours straight, and that more than half the surgical residents work more than 95 hours a week.

A) twelve hospitals have been investigated by state medical officials, finding that all twelve consistently break the laws, many residents work longer than 24 hours straight, and that more than half the surgical residents work
B) an investigation by state medical officials of twelve hospitals have found all twelve consistently breaking the laws, that many residents work longer than 24 hours straight, with more than half the surgical residents working
C) [color=#ffff00]an investigation of twelve hospitals by state medical officials [/color]has found that all twelve consistently break the laws, that many residents work longer than 24 hours straight, and that more than half the surgical residents work
D) twelve hospitals were investigated by state medical officials who found all twelve breaking the laws, with many residents working longer than 24 hours straight, and more than half the surgical residents work
E) an investigation by state medical officials has found that, of twelve hospitals, all twelve consistently break the laws, that many residents work longer than 24 hours straight, with more than half the surgical residents working

Hi,
In C, if it would have been an investigation by state medical officials of 'plural' that verb. <So the ver has to be plural in this case>
Am in right ?
Thanks
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Re: Almost a decade after New York State passed laws to protect [#permalink]

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04 Sep 2013, 13:05
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gmatcracker2010 wrote:
Almost a decade after New York State passed laws to protect patients by reducing the grueling hours worked by medical residents, twelve hospitals have been investigated by state medical officials, finding that all twelve consistently break the laws, many residents work longer than 24 hours straight, and that more than half the surgical residents work more than 95 hours a week.

A) twelve hospitals have been investigated by state medical officials, finding that all twelve consistently break the laws, many residents work longer than 24 hours straight, and that more than half the surgical residents work
B) an investigation by state medical officials of twelve hospitals have found all twelve consistently breaking the laws, that many residents work longer than 24 hours straight, with more than half the surgical residents working
C) an investigation of twelve hospitals by state medical officials has found that all twelve consistently break the laws, that many residents work longer than 24 hours straight, and that more than half the surgical residents work
D) twelve hospitals were investigated by state medical officials who found all twelve breaking the laws, with many residents working longer than 24 hours straight, and more than half the surgical residents work
E) an investigation by state medical officials has found that, of twelve hospitals, all twelve consistently break the laws, that many residents work longer than 24 hours straight, with more than half the surgical residents working

[Reveal] Spoiler: OE
OG Verbal Review 2, SC Question# 61

Parallelism; Logical predication

This sentence is primarily concerned with presenting the findings of an investigation, so the main subject should be investigation, and the main verb should be has found. The findings are most efficiently presented in a parallel series of relative clauses beginning with that.

A) The phrase finding that all. . . has nothing to attach to in this sentence, because hospitals has been made the subject of the sentence; the items in the list of findings are not presented in parallel form.
B) The singular subject requires a singular verb; the items in the list of findings are not. presented in parallel form.
C) Correct. The sentence's structure makes it clear and logical.
D) The preposition with governs both examples of how the hospitals break the law, so parallelism requires that both verbs assume the ing ending.
E) The sentence is repetitive and indirect; the list of findings is not presented in parallel form.

If we "cut the fluff" with answer choice (C) - we can see it as:

(C): ... an investigation of twelve hospitals ... has found that all twelve consistently break the laws, that many residents work longer than 24 hours straight, and that more than half the surgical residents work

1) "Investigation" is singular - so "has found" is correct.

2) The verbs BREAK, WORK, and WORK are conistent--each list item has "that" - so that's consistent.

Everything checks off and no grammar issues. (C) looks good.
Re: Almost a decade after New York State passed laws to protect   [#permalink] 04 Sep 2013, 13:05

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