Although custom prosthetic bone replacements produced : GMAT Critical Reasoning (CR)
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# Although custom prosthetic bone replacements produced

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Although custom prosthetic bone replacements produced [#permalink]

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12 Jul 2006, 09:29
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86% (01:00) correct 14% (01:18) wrong based on 1704 sessions

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Although custom prosthetic bone replacements produced through a new computer-aided design process will cost more than twice as much as ordinary replacements, custom replacements should still be cost-effective. Not only will surgery and recovery time be reduced, but custom replacements should last longer; thereby reducing the need for further hospital stays.

Which of the following must be studied in order to evaluate the argument presented above?

(A) The amount of time a patient spends in surgery versus the amount of time spent recovering from surgery

(B) The amount by which the cost of producing custom replacements has declined with the introduction of the new technique for producing them

(C) The degree to which the use of custom replacements is likely to reduce the need for repeat surgery when compared with the use of ordinary replacements

(D) The degree to which custom replacements produced with the new technique are more carefully manufactured than are ordinary replacements

(E) The amount by which custom replacements produced with the new technique will drop in cost as the production procedures become standardized and applicable on a larger scale

Disclaimer: for those of you who worry about the source I can surely admit that KAPLAN, ARCO and BARRONS are not it!!! And by the way, is there any explicit list about what sources not to post the questions from... I haven't seen it and I urge everyone just to answer the questions... I received a couple of PMs about this... saying the questions I posted were good.... and some of you are not really happy.... I am but I guess you can't please everyone!!!
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Re: CR: Prosthetic bone replacements [#permalink]

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12 Jul 2006, 09:55
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u2lover wrote:
Although custom prosthetic bone replacements produced through a new computer-aided design process will cost more than twice as much as ordinary replacements, custom replacements should still be cost-effective. Not only will surgery and recovery time be reduced, but custom replacements should last longer; thereby reducing the need for further hospital stays.

Which of the following must be studied in order to evaluate the argument presented above?

(A) The amount of time a patient spends in surgery versus the amount of time spent recovering from surgery

(B) The amount by which the cost of producing custom replacements has declined with the introduction of the new technique for producing them

(C) The degree to which the use of custom replacements is likely to reduce the need for repeat surgery when compared with the use of ordinary replacements

(D) The degree to which custom replacements produced with the new technique are more carefully manufactured than are ordinary replacements

(E) The amount by which custom replacements produced with the new technique will drop in cost as the production procedures become standardized and applicable on a larger scale

Disclaimer: for those of you who worry about the source I can surely admit that KAPLAN, ARCO and BARRONS are not it!!! And by the way, is there any explicit list about what sources not to post the questions from... I haven't seen it and I urge everyone just to answer the questions... I received a couple of PMs about this... saying the questions I posted were good.... and some of you are not really happy.... I am but I guess you can't please everyone!!!

I'll go with C.

1. The amount of time spent on surgery and recovery is irrelevant, we need to focus on costs here.

2.The cost of producing these custom replacements might be down but that doesnt help us evaluate whether we will need to spend more on these replacements in the future.

3. Yes- this helps , only if this new replacement minimises or eliminates further surgery only then will it justify the investment, else you need to shell out more money. If this replacement requires surgery as frequently then the ordinary treatment holds good.

4. Manufacturing safety is not the issue here.

5. Production cost is irrelevant.

u2, chillax, just post whatever you have to, people are free to respond if they're interested.
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12 Jul 2006, 16:20
(A) Wrong....the custom technique saves on both surgery and post surgery....no point in comparing one versus the other.

(B) There is no mention of long term production cost as an advantage..no point in finding that out.

(C) Yes....this could provide quantitative numbers for the adv mentioned.

(D) Not useful

(E) Not useful
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12 Jul 2006, 17:12
A. focus needs to be long term...
B. out of scope
C. this creates the proper comparison between the custom and the ordinary method. Thought it may cost more at front, in the long run could potentially reduce cost as a whole.

E. out of scope...

hahaha u2: don't take it to heart...like you say, can't please everyone... keep um coming...
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12 Jul 2006, 19:54
(C) The degree to which the use of custom replacements is likely to reduce the need for repeat surgery when compared with the use of ordinary replacements

C & D are the possible choices. A, B, E are out of scope.

D falls off as it talks about "careful" manufacturing, which is not out of scope but is not required to analyse the given stem.

Therefore, C.
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12 Jul 2006, 20:17
First of all ....... Let me clarify....... I made a comment on the source in my earlier post but in no way I want to discourage you to post any kind of question.
As I gather the purpose of the forum is to tickle your senses and fine tune them into GMAT.
Also I trully believe that practice makes a man/woman perfect hence throw anything you have got.....

For this question ..... will go with C.

The author clearly states that despite the high cost of custom replacements, these replacements will prove cost efficient in the long run as they will reduce the tie required to stay in the hospital.
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Re: Although custom prosthetic bone replacements produced [#permalink]

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03 Aug 2014, 23:49
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

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Re: Although custom prosthetic bone replacements produced [#permalink]

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16 Oct 2014, 14:27
Hi @E-gmat,
I have another prethinking approach in my mind.

The custom replacements would be effective if its extra cost be lesser than cost of hospital stays done after the ordinary surgeries.

Kindly tell whether this is correct. If an answer choice had come stating this, would this be an answer?

Regards
Tushar
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Re: Although custom prosthetic bone replacements produced [#permalink]

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25 Jan 2016, 12:57
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

Want to see all other topics I dig out? Follow me (click follow button on profile). You will receive a summary of all topics I bump in your profile area as well as via email.
Re: Although custom prosthetic bone replacements produced   [#permalink] 25 Jan 2016, 12:57
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