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Although just inside the orbit of Jupiter, amateur

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Although just inside the orbit of Jupiter, amateur [#permalink] New post 12 Mar 2011, 06:45
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A
B
C
D
E

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Question Stats:

66% (01:43) correct 34% (00:45) wrong based on 61 sessions
Although just inside the orbit of Jupiter, amateur astronomers with good telescopes
should be able to see the comet within the next few weeks.
(A) Although just inside the orbit of
(B) Although it is just inside the orbit of
(C) Just inside the orbit of
(D) Orbiting just inside
(E) Having orbited just inside
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
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Re: Modifier [#permalink] New post 12 Mar 2011, 07:00
Expert's post
Who is inside the orbit of Jupiter? Astronomers? Absurd. All choices except B flaunt this fatal modification error. B is the only one, which by using a subordinate clause with a pronoun 'it', referring to the comet, amends this error.
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Re: Modifier [#permalink] New post 12 Mar 2011, 07:50
since the opening clause modifies "comet", why is the "comet" not placed right after the comma ?
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Re: Modifier [#permalink] New post 13 Mar 2011, 16:25
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whichscore wrote:
since the opening clause modifies "comet", why is the "comet" not placed right after the comma ?


Good question. If "comet" were placed right after the comma--then that would make almost all of the answer choices from (A) to (E) contenders to be the correct answer. The GMAT guys wouldn't leave so many possible correct answers for you to choose from.

Instead, they tried to trick you here by getting you to automatically associate the phrase with "amateur astronomers." Those who got this correct would have noticed that this combination just doesn't make sense.

Since the main part of the sentence starting with "amateur astronomers" is NOT underlined, we have to assume that part of the sentence cannot be changed. So any answer choice that is structurally placed to describe "amateur astronomers" and does not make sense should be eliminated.

(A) "Although just inside the orbit of Jupiter, amateur astronomers..." Nope! Doesn't make sense. Astronomers are not just inside the orbit of Jupiter. Well, maybe crazy astronauts--but usually not astronomers.
(C) "Just inside the orbit of Jupiter, amateur astronomers..." --Nope! Doesn't make sense. Again, astronomers are not just inside the orbit of Jupiter.
(D) "Orbiting just inside Jupiter, amateur astronomers..." --Nope! Doesn't make sense. Astronomers don't orbit Jupiter!
(E) "Having orbited just inside Jupiter, amateur astronomers..." Nope! Doesn't make sense. Astronomers don't orbit Jupiter!

What's special about (B)? Well, as mentioned earlier, (B) includes the infamous "it." We don't really know what "it" is referring to until later in the sentence when "comet" is mentioned. But (B) is the only answer choice with the "it" that makes it a better answer choice than all the other ones.

So (B) is the answer.


Hope that helps!
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Re: Modifier [#permalink] New post 13 Mar 2011, 20:04
Wouldn't think so much in 5 secs. "it" is the key to the answer. The subject is missing and B fixes it.

gmatpill wrote:
whichscore wrote:
since the opening clause modifies "comet", why is the "comet" not placed right after the comma ?


Good question. If "comet" were placed right after the comma--then that would make almost all of the answer choices from (A) to (E) contenders to be the correct answer. The GMAT guys wouldn't leave so many possible correct answers for you to choose from.

Instead, they tried to trick you here by getting you to automatically associate the phrase with "amateur astronomers." Those who got this correct would have noticed that this combination just doesn't make sense.

Since the main part of the sentence starting with "amateur astronomers" is NOT underlined, we have to assume that part of the sentence cannot be changed. So any answer choice that is structurally placed to describe "amateur astronomers" and does not make sense should be eliminated.

(A) "Although just inside the orbit of Jupiter, amateur astronomers..." Nope! Doesn't make sense. Astronomers are not just inside the orbit of Jupiter. Well, maybe crazy astronauts--but usually not astronomers.
(C) "Just inside the orbit of Jupiter, amateur astronomers..." --Nope! Doesn't make sense. Again, astronomers are not just inside the orbit of Jupiter.
(D) "Orbiting just inside Jupiter, amateur astronomers..." --Nope! Doesn't make sense. Astronomers don't orbit Jupiter!
(E) "Having orbited just inside Jupiter, amateur astronomers..." Nope! Doesn't make sense. Astronomers don't orbit Jupiter!

What's special about (B)? Well, as mentioned earlier, (B) includes the infamous "it." We don't really know what "it" is referring to until later in the sentence when "comet" is mentioned. But (B) is the only answer choice with the "it" that makes it a better answer choice than all the other ones.

So (B) is the answer.


Hope that helps!
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Re: Modifier [#permalink] New post 13 Mar 2011, 20:10
Except for B all seem to imply that the astronomers are inside the orbit/orbitting..
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Re: Modifier [#permalink] New post 13 Mar 2011, 23:25
thanks guys/girls !
Next time i'll pay more attention...
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Re: Modifier [#permalink] New post 16 Mar 2011, 00:14
whichscore wrote:
since the opening clause modifies "comet", why is the "comet" not placed right after the comma ?


A. Although just inside the orbit of jupiter
This is a phrase and should modify the word immediately following comma.
(B) Although it is just inside the orbit of jupiter
This is a dependent clause..so need not modify the word following comma.
Eg: Although they were under the radar until recently, Joule Unlimited, the firm in Mass has two issued and at least three pending U.S. Patents.
(C) Just inside the orbit of
Same as A
(D) Orbiting just inside
Same as A
(E) Having orbited just inside
Same as A
Re: Modifier   [#permalink] 16 Mar 2011, 00:14
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