Although Napoleons army entered Russia with far more : GMAT Sentence Correction (SC)
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# Although Napoleons army entered Russia with far more

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Although Napoleons army entered Russia with far more [#permalink]

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03 Jul 2007, 12:52
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90. Although Napoleon’s army entered Russia with far more supplies than they had in their previous campaigns, it had provisions for only twenty-four days.

(A) they had in their previous campaigns
(C) they had for any previous campaign
(D) in their previous campaigns
(E) for any previous campaign

[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Last edited by Abhishek009 on 29 Oct 2016, 05:54, edited 1 time in total.
Underlined relevent part
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Re: Although Napoleons army entered Russia with far more [#permalink]

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03 Jul 2007, 19:37
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AugiTh wrote:
90. Although Napoleon’s army entered Russia with far more supplies than they had in their previous campaigns, it had provisions for only twenty-four days.
(A) they had in their previous campaigns
(C) they had for any previous campaign
(D) in their previous campaigns
(E) for any previous campaign

key here 'army' is singular subject

'it had' correctly specifies this.

so only E - best.
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Re: Although Napoleons army entered Russia with far more [#permalink]

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28 Jul 2009, 04:17
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Although Napoleon’s army entered Russia with far more supplies than they had in their previous campaigns, it had provisions for only twenty-four days.
(A) they had in their previous campaigns
(C) they had for any previous campaign
(D) in their previous campaigns
(E) for any previous campaign

[Reveal] Spoiler:
Army is singular so eliminate a,b,c.Why is the answer e?Is'nt "d " better?

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Re: Although Napoleons army entered Russia with far more [#permalink]

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16 May 2014, 01:03
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umeshpatil wrote:
Hello eGMAT,

Nice explanation in the video. I bit more elaboration on the preposition 'in Vs for'. Can you provide couple of more examples that shows correct usage of both 'in' and 'for' ?

Hi umeshpatil,
Thank you for the post.

Let’s first discuss try to understand the usage of ‘in’ and ‘for’ with a few simple examples:
Tom lives in Delhi. (Place)
Ron completed his graduation in 2008. (Point of time)

He will leave for London tonight. (Purpose)
She loves her job, for it is challenging. (Reason)
I have been preparing for GMAT for the last 6 months. (Time duration)

Let’s now discuss an official question to make your understanding more clear regarding the usage of the prepositions ‘in’ and ‘for’.

OFFICIAL QUESTION

• Along the major rivers that traverse the deserts of northeast Africa, the Middle East, and northwest India, the combination of a reliable supply of water and good growing conditions both encouraged farming traditions that, in places, endure in at least 6,000 years.

A. good growing conditions both encouraged farming traditions that, in places, endure in
B. good growing conditions encouraged farming traditions that have, in places, endured for
C. of good growing conditions have encouraged farming traditions that, in places, endured for
D. of good growing conditions both encouraged farming traditions that have, in places, endured
E. of good growing conditions encouraged farming traditions that have, in places, been enduring for

SENTENCE STRUCTURE
• Along the major rivers
o that traverse the deserts of northeast Africa, the Middle East, and northwest India,
• the combination of a reliable supply of water and good growing conditions both encouraged farming traditions
o that, in places, endure in at least 6,000 years.

MEANING ANALYSIS
• This sentence tells us about the area along the major rivers that flow through the deserts of northeast Africa, the Middle East, and northwest India.
• It says that in this area the combination of reliable water supply and good growing conditions promoted farming traditions.
o In some places, these farming traditions have endured over the last 6,000 years.

ERROR ANALYSIS
There are three errors in the given sentence.
1) Verb tense: ‘endure’ does not represent the longevity of the farming traditions. The farming traditions have been in existence for 6,000 years. This can’t be represented using the simple present tense.

2) Idiom: ‘in at least 6,000 years’ is incorrect idiomatic usage in this context. Let’s consider two examples:
I started working at e-GMAT in 2012. (To refer to a point of time)
I have worked at e-GMAT for 2 years. (To show a time duration)

3) Redundancy: In this sentence, ‘both’ is redundant since the word ‘combination’ conveys the intended meaning.

Let’s now analyze the correct option, i.e. option B.
OPTION B

• Along the major rivers
o that traverse the deserts of northeast Africa, the Middle East, and northwest India,
• the combination of a reliable supply of water and good growing conditions encouraged farming traditions
o that have, in places, endured for at least 6,000 years.

In this option, both ‘in’ and ‘for’ are correctly used.

Hope the above discussion helps!

Regards,

Deepak
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Re: Although Napoleons army entered Russia with far more [#permalink]

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28 Jul 2009, 05:54
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Although Napoleon’s army entered Russia with far more supplies than they had in their previous campaigns, it had provisions for only twenty-four days.
(A) they had in their previous campaigns
(C) they had for any previous campaign
(D) in their previous campaigns - their is not correct here. Napoleon's army and their - pronoun error
(E) for any previous campaign

Army is singular so eliminate a,b,c.Why is the answer e?Is'nt "d " better?

E is the best. Rest four of the answer choices have 'their' or 'they'.
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Re: Although Napoleons army entered Russia with far more [#permalink]

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28 Jul 2009, 08:26
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E is the best answer

Army is singular so "their" in D is wrong
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Re: Although Napoleons army entered Russia with far more [#permalink]

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10 Dec 2011, 00:15
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90. Although Napoleon’s army entered Russia with far more supplies than they had in their previous campaigns, it had provisions for only twenty-four days.
(A) they had in their previous campaigns
(C) they had for any previous campaign
(D) in their previous campaigns
(E) for any previous campaign correct
from A to D number is wrong with pronoiun, Army is singular(collective noun)
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Re: Although Napoleons army entered Russia with far more [#permalink]

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25 Apr 2012, 10:08
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Lstadt: a, b, c, d all have "their" which is wrong since army is singular
Only choice E is correct, I missed that one as well.
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Re: Although Napoleons army entered Russia with far more [#permalink]

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19 Aug 2012, 03:26
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is option E gramatically correct gents?

entered russia with far more supplies than for any previous campaign.

looks like far more supplies is being compared with previous campaigns I suppose. Am I right on this?
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Re: Although Napoleons army entered Russia with far more [#permalink]

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04 Oct 2013, 03:48
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army is singular look at the non underlined portion 'it' only E is correct.
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Re: Although Napoleons army entered Russia with far more [#permalink]

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19 Jan 2014, 01:35
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Although Napoleon’s army entered Russia with far more supplies than they had in their previous campaigns, it had provisions for only twenty-four days.

(A) they had in their previous campaigns
Army is a collective noun thus its referent has to be singular.
Same error here
(C) they had for any previous campaign
Same error here
(D) in their previous campaigns
Same error here
(E) for any previous campaign
Looking good.
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Re: Although Napoleons army entered Russia with far more [#permalink]

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07 Aug 2015, 02:49
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Hi

Thanks for a useful discussion here.

I understand how POE helps to get the right answer here [E]. However, I am a bit confused with the comparison here.

Are we comparing supplies that the army use when entered Russia with the support for any previous campaign?

If so, why can we omit the supplies in the correct answer "for any previous campaign"?
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Re: Although Napoleons army entered Russia with far more [#permalink]

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13 Aug 2015, 01:52
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Quote:
Are we comparing supplies that the army use when entered Russia with the support for any previous campaign?

Do you mean "supplies" (because I don't see "support" in the sentence).

Quote:
If so, why can we omit the supplies in the correct answer "for any previous campaign"?

That's called "ellipsis" and is quite common. For example: The orchard produced more mangoes than ever before:).
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Re: Although Napoleons army entered Russia with far more [#permalink]

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03 Jul 2007, 13:35
A or C
I will say A for the sake of paralellism
but if someone can give a better explanation...
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Re: Although Napoleons army entered Russia with far more [#permalink]

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03 Jul 2007, 20:23
syamee_u wrote:

key here 'army' is singular subject

'it had' correctly specifies this.

so only E - best.

Yes Yes
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Re: Although Napoleons army entered Russia with far more [#permalink]

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11 Dec 2011, 06:30
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@tuanquang269
OA is E.
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Re: Although Napoleons army entered Russia with far more [#permalink]

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27 Feb 2012, 11:08
What is wrong with (B)?

Isn't their in B referring to campaigns?

OG claims that it refers to army, I fail to see that.
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Re: Although Napoleons army entered Russia with far more [#permalink]

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25 Apr 2012, 18:59
pronoun error in using their since army is singular.. Only E addresses this error, missed that one...
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Re: Although Napoleons army entered Russia with far more [#permalink]

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20 Aug 2012, 22:11
I went with D, but i see my mistake (thanks to rajeevrks27 explanation).

A, B & C are wrong because Napleon's Army is singular.

Edit: add D to that too.
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Re: Although Napoleons army entered Russia with far more [#permalink]

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17 Sep 2013, 10:42
Bumping for review and further discussion*.

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Theory on Subject/Verb agreement: subject-verb-agreement-159965.html
Questions on Subject/Verb agreement to practice: search.php?search_id=tag&tag_id=131

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Re: Although Napoleons army entered Russia with far more   [#permalink] 17 Sep 2013, 10:42

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