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Although schistosomiasis is not often fatal, it is so

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Re: Although schistosomiasis is not often fatal, it is so [#permalink] New post 23 Nov 2013, 10:31
egmat wrote:
Hi all,

Schistosomiasis, a disease caused by a parasitic worm, is prevalent in hot, humid climates, and it has become more widespread as irrigation projects have enlarged the habitat of the freshwater snails that are the parasite's hosts for part of its life cycle.

Meaning:
• Schistosomiasis is a disease that is caused by a parasitic worm.
• It is prevalent in places with hot and humid climate.
• The disease has become more widespread with the increase in irrigation projects.
• These projects have enlarged the habitat of the freshwater snails that play the host of the parasite for a part of its life cycle.

Error Analysis:
• Subject “that” that stands for “the freshwater snails” agrees in number and makes sense with the verb “are”. No SV pair error.
• This sentence is providing general facts about the disease and its cause. Hence simple present tense “are“ is correct.
• “that” clause correctly modifies “the freshwater snails” giving information that these snails become host to the parasite for some part in its life.
• There are no pronoun, no parallelism, no idiom and no meaning error errors.

Answer Choice Analysis:
A. the freshwater snails that are the parasite's hosts for part of its life cycle: Correct as is.

B. the freshwater snails that are the parasite's hosts in part of their life cycle: Incorrect. Reference of pronoun “their” distorts the intended meaning of the sentence. Plural “their” now refers to “the freshwater snails” meaning that they are host to the parasite in part of snails’ life cycle and not in part of the parasite’s life cycle. This is not the intended meaning of the sentence.

C. freshwater snails which become the parasite's hosts for part of its life cycles: Incorrect. Plural “life cycles” is incorrect because a singular “parasite” can have only one life cycle and not multiple life cycles.

D. freshwater snails which become the hosts of the parasite during the parasite's life cycle: Incorrect. Repetition of “parasite’s” instead of a pronoun makes this choice wordier.

E. parasite's hosts, freshwater snails which become their hostsduring their life cycles: Incorrect. Same pronoun reference error as in B.

Take-Away
1. The pronoun must agree in number with its antecedent.
2. Be vary of the choices that distort he intended meaning of the sentence.

Hope this helps. :-)
Thanks.
Shraddha


Shraddha,

haven't we learnt that a pronoun cannot refer to a possessive noun. Unless its here is referring to worm.?

Also Its mentioned by one of the members(supposedly expert) that

" MGMAT( in a reversal form its earlier rigid stand perhaps) says that the issue of possessive poison is not worth worrying about, since there has been hardly any case that has been rejected on the score of the possessive pronoun’s antecedence in the realm of GMAT.

The take away of possessive pronoun custom is;

1. A possessive pronoun can stand for a possessive noun
2. A possessive pronoun can stand for a non- possessive noun
3. A non possessive pronoun can stand for a non- possessive noun.
4. The only case where it can‘t be accepted is when a
Non- possessive is used to stand for a possessive noun "

Please comment as I have a concept that a pronoun cannot refer to a noun in possessive form.
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Re: Although schistosomiasis is not often fatal, it is so [#permalink] New post 25 Nov 2013, 01:51
Expert's post
ygdrasil24 wrote:
egmat wrote:
Hi all,

Schistosomiasis, a disease caused by a parasitic worm, is prevalent in hot, humid climates, and it has become more widespread as irrigation projects have enlarged the habitat of the freshwater snails that are the parasite's hosts for part of its life cycle.

Meaning:
• Schistosomiasis is a disease that is caused by a parasitic worm.
• It is prevalent in places with hot and humid climate.
• The disease has become more widespread with the increase in irrigation projects.
• These projects have enlarged the habitat of the freshwater snails that play the host of the parasite for a part of its life cycle.

Error Analysis:
• Subject “that” that stands for “the freshwater snails” agrees in number and makes sense with the verb “are”. No SV pair error.
• This sentence is providing general facts about the disease and its cause. Hence simple present tense “are“ is correct.
• “that” clause correctly modifies “the freshwater snails” giving information that these snails become host to the parasite for some part in its life.
• There are no pronoun, no parallelism, no idiom and no meaning error errors.

Answer Choice Analysis:
A. the freshwater snails that are the parasite's hosts for part of its life cycle: Correct as is.

B. the freshwater snails that are the parasite's hosts in part of their life cycle: Incorrect. Reference of pronoun “their” distorts the intended meaning of the sentence. Plural “their” now refers to “the freshwater snails” meaning that they are host to the parasite in part of snails’ life cycle and not in part of the parasite’s life cycle. This is not the intended meaning of the sentence.

C. freshwater snails which become the parasite's hosts for part of its life cycles: Incorrect. Plural “life cycles” is incorrect because a singular “parasite” can have only one life cycle and not multiple life cycles.

D. freshwater snails which become the hosts of the parasite during the parasite's life cycle: Incorrect. Repetition of “parasite’s” instead of a pronoun makes this choice wordier.

E. parasite's hosts, freshwater snails which become their hostsduring their life cycles: Incorrect. Same pronoun reference error as in B.

Take-Away
1. The pronoun must agree in number with its antecedent.
2. Be vary of the choices that distort he intended meaning of the sentence.

Hope this helps. :-)
Thanks.
Shraddha


Shraddha,

haven't we learnt that a pronoun cannot refer to a possessive noun. Unless its here is referring to worm.?

Also Its mentioned by one of the members(supposedly expert) that

" MGMAT( in a reversal form its earlier rigid stand perhaps) says that the issue of possessive poison is not worth worrying about, since there has been hardly any case that has been rejected on the score of the possessive pronoun’s antecedence in the realm of GMAT.

The take away of possessive pronoun custom is;

1. A possessive pronoun can stand for a possessive noun
2. A possessive pronoun can stand for a non- possessive noun
3. A non possessive pronoun can stand for a non- possessive noun.
4. The only case where it can‘t be accepted is when a
Non- possessive is used to stand for a possessive noun "

Please comment as I have a concept that a pronoun cannot refer to a noun in possessive form.



Dear ygdrasil24,

Your understanding is correct.

However, note that "its" is the possessive form of the pronoun "it".

Usually for nouns, we add an apostrophe and an "s" to indicate possessive form. ("lion's", "builder's" etc.)

However, it's on the other hand is the short form for "it is". The possessive form of "it" is "its"

As you know, the possessive form of a pronoun can refer to the possessive form of a noun.

In the above mentioned sentence "its" (possessive pronoun) is referring to "parasite's" (possessive noun).

Hope this helps :)

Regards,
Krishna
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Re: Although schistosomiasis is not often fatal, it is so [#permalink] New post 25 Nov 2013, 18:21
As for the choices B,D,E , OG explained that there's a slight change in meaning. What's the difference ?
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Re: Although schistosomiasis is not often fatal, it is so [#permalink] New post 26 Nov 2013, 23:49
gautrang wrote:
Although schistosomiasis is not often fatal, it is so
debilitating that it has become an economic
drain on
many developing countries.
(A) it is so debilitating that it has become an
economic
(B) it is of such debilitation, it has become an
economical
(C) so debilitating is it as to become an economic
(D) such is its debilitation, it becomes an
economical
(E) there is so much debilitation that it has become
an economical



Spoiler:



Why C is wrong?


c is wrong because c is not idiomatic. we do not have inverted pattern like this. end of story.
e is wrong because "it" in this pattern of e has no clear reference. moreover, "economical" mean saving and is wrong.
b and D have no "that" and become wrong structrurally.
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Re: Although schistosomiasis is not often fatal, it is so [#permalink] New post 04 Jan 2014, 08:17
gautrang wrote:
Although schistosomiasis is not often fatal, it is so
debilitating that it has become an economic
drain on
many developing countries.
(A) it is so debilitating that it has become an
economic
(B) it is of such debilitation, it has become an
economical
(C) so debilitating is it as to become an economic
(D) such is its debilitation, it becomes an
economical
(E) there is so much debilitation that it has become
an economical

Spoiler:



Why C is wrong?


We want to comment on schistosomiasis, therefor we need to introduce our answer with "it is" because "it is" refers to that strange word. C/D/E, gone. B omits "that" and it uses "economical" incorrectly - By the way, so do D and E - so that leaves us with A, which correctly uses it, that and economic.
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Re: Although schistosomiasis is not often fatal, it is so [#permalink] New post 19 Feb 2014, 02:05
C. so debilitating is it as to become an economic

C is an inverted sentence:

so debilitating (not a subject) is (verb) it (subject found) as to become an economic blah blah blah...

Re arrange : it is so debilitating as to become an economic ...
Correct Idiom is : so (adjective) that (clause)

Thus Option A is right.
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Re: Although schistosomiasis is not often fatal, it is so [#permalink] New post 11 Apr 2014, 07:40
39. Although schistosomiasis is not often fatal, it is so debilitating that it has become an economic drain on many developing countries.
(A) it is so debilitating that it has become an economic
(B) it is of such debilitation, it has become an economical
(C) so debilitating is it as to become an economic
(D) such is its debilitation, it becomes an economical
(E) there is so much debilitation that it has become an economical
Although schistosomiasis is not often fatal, it is so debilitating that it has become an economic drain on many developing countries.

Analysis of the original sentence -

Meaning - S is not fat but S is so debilitating that it has hurt developing countries

• Although (DC marker) schistosomiasis (subject) is (verb) not often (adverb) fatal (adjective) ---- (DC)
• It (subject – pronoun refers back to subject of DC) is (verb) so debilitating (adjective??) ----IC
• that it (subject – pronoun) has become (verb) an economic drain on many developing countries.---- DC

POE -

A) No error
b) it is of such debilitation, it has become an economical
such x that y - that is missing
C> though it sound very awkward but cant pin point the exact error. Is SO X AS TO BECOME Y correct. If so what could be X and Y. If X has to be an adjective then there is no IC in option C.
D> such is its debilitation, it becomes an economical - Meaning issue...when one says its debilitation - does that mean S is in a debilitated state
E> there is so much debilitation that it has become an economical - Change in meaning. Option doesn't clearly states that S causes debilitation
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Re: Although schistosomiasis is not often fatal, it is so [#permalink] New post 15 Apr 2014, 08:17
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Mission2012 wrote:
39. Although schistosomiasis is not often fatal, it is so debilitating that it has become an economic drain on many developing countries.
(A) it is so debilitating that it has become an economic
(B) it is of such debilitation, it has become an economical
(C) so debilitating is it as to become an economic
(D) such is its debilitation, it becomes an economical
(E) there is so much debilitation that it has become an economical
Although schistosomiasis is not often fatal, it is so debilitating that it has become an economic drain on many developing countries.

Analysis of the original sentence -

Meaning - S is not fat but S is so debilitating that it has hurt developing countries

• Although (DC marker) schistosomiasis (subject) is (verb) not often (adverb) fatal (adjective) ---- (DC)
• It (subject – pronoun refers back to subject of DC) is (verb) so debilitating (adjective??) ----IC
• that it (subject – pronoun) has become (verb) an economic drain on many developing countries.---- DC

POE -

A) No error
b) it is of such debilitation, it has become an economical
such x that y - that is missing
C> though it sound very awkward but cant pin point the exact error. Is SO X AS TO BECOME Y correct. If so what could be X and Y. If X has to be an adjective then there is no IC in option C.
D> such is its debilitation, it becomes an economical - Meaning issue...when one says its debilitation - does that mean S is in a debilitated state
E> there is so much debilitation that it has become an economical - Change in meaning. Option doesn't clearly states that S causes debilitation


Dear Student,

Thank you for your post. :)

In your meaning analysis, you have correctly identified the clauses and different subject-verb pairs in the sentence. Also, you have rightly categorized “debilitating” as an adjective here.

As regards the analysis given by you in the POE section, please find below my comments on the same:

1. Choice A: It is definitely the correct choice.
2. Choice B: You have correctly recognized the shift in meaning that the word “economical” creates in choice B. The word economic means pertaining to the economy. However, the word economical means not wasteful. Clearly, we need the word “economic” here. Also, you are right- “that” is required before the dependent clause.
3. Choice C: So X as to Y is not the correct idiom. This may be the reason that choice C sounds incorrect to you :).
4. Choice D: You are on to something very important here. Because of the way the word “debilitation” has been used here, it seems to refer to the state the disease itself is in rather than the effect it has on something else. Clearly, this distorts the intended meaning of the author. Choice D is in fact incorrect for almost the same reasons as choice B.
5. Choice E: Absolutely spot on!

Hope this helps! :)

Thanks,

Neeti.
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Re: Although schistosomiasis is not often fatal, it is so   [#permalink] 15 Apr 2014, 08:17
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