Although she had been known as an effective legislator first : GMAT Sentence Correction (SC)
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# Although she had been known as an effective legislator first

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03 Nov 2012, 21:40
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Although she had been known as an effective legislator first in the Texas Senate and later in the United States House of Representatives, not until Barbara Jordan’s participation in the hearings on the impeachment of President Richard Nixon in 1974 was she made a nationally recognized figure, as it was televised nationwide.

A. later in the United States House of Representatives, not until Barbara Jordan’s participation in the hearings on the impeachment of President Richard Nixon in 1974 was she made a nationally recognized figure, as it was
B. later in the United States House of Representatives, Barbara Jordan did not become a nationally recognized figure until 1974, when she participated in the hearings on the impeachment of President Richard Nixon, which were
C. later in the Untied States House of Representatives, it was not until 1974 that Barbara Jordan became a nationally recognized figure, with her participation in the hearings on the impeachment of President Richard Nixon, which was
D. then also later in the United States House of Representatives, not until 1974 did Barbara Jordan become a nationally recognized figure, as she participated in the hearings on the impeachment of President Richard Nixon, being
E. then also later in the United States House of Representatives, Barbara Jordan did not become a nationally recognized figure until 1974, when she participated in the hearings on the impeachment of President Richard Nixon, which was

[Reveal] Spoiler:
not quite sure what "which were" from answer B is refering to. I feel like it could as well be refering to the two events mentioned in the beginning of the sentence, therefore the clarity is the issue here. Could someone else please clarify ?
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
If you have any questions
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Re: Although she had been known as an effective legislator first [#permalink]

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03 Nov 2012, 22:08
myname85 wrote:
Hi, this is Jake Suh who is new to the club.

Although she had been known as an effective legislator first in the Texas Senate and later
in the United States House of Representatives, not until Barbara Jordan’s participation in
the hearings on the impeachment of President Richard Nixon in 1974 was she made a
nationally recognized figure, as it was televised nationwide.

A. later in the United States House of Representatives, not until Barbara Jordan’s
participation in the hearings on the impeachment of President Richard Nixon in
1974 was she made a nationally recognized figure, as it was
B. later in the United States House of Representatives, Barbara Jordan did not
become a nationally recognized figure until 1974, when she participated in the
hearings on the impeachment of President Richard Nixon, which were
C. later in the Untied States House of Representatives, it was not until 1974 that
Barbara Jordan became a nationally recognized figure, with her participation in
the hearings on the impeachment of President Richard Nixon, which was
D. then also later in the United States House of Representatives, not until 1974 did
Barbara Jordan become a nationally recognized figure, as she participated in the
hearings on the impeachment of President Richard Nixon, being
E. then also later in the United States House of Representatives, Barbara Jordan did
not become a nationally recognized figure until 1974, when she participated in the
hearings on the impeachment of President Richard Nixon, which was

not quite sure what "which were" from answer B is refering to. I feel like it could as well be refering to the two events mentioned in the beginning of the sentence, therefore the clarity is the issue here. Could someone else please clarify ?

A relative clause modifies the noun before it.
Coming to your question on B.
For the sentence in Ans B :
"when she participated in the hearings on the impeachment of President Richard Nixon, which were"

Here closest noun to "which" is "hearings" and hence 'hearings' is modified by which.

You can actually read the sentence simply as -"she participated in the hearings, which were televised......."
because "on the impeachment" and "of President Richard Nixon" are prepositional phrases modifying hearings only and none of these can be taken as noun being modified by which.

Hope it helps.
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Re: Although she had been known as an effective legislator first [#permalink]

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03 Nov 2012, 22:29
Vips0000 wrote:
myname85 wrote:
Hi, this is Jake Suh who is new to the club.

Although she had been known as an effective legislator first in the Texas Senate and later
in the United States House of Representatives, not until Barbara Jordan’s participation in
the hearings on the impeachment of President Richard Nixon in 1974 was she made a
nationally recognized figure, as it was televised nationwide.

A. later in the United States House of Representatives, not until Barbara Jordan’s
participation in the hearings on the impeachment of President Richard Nixon in
1974 was she made a nationally recognized figure, as it was
B. later in the United States House of Representatives, Barbara Jordan did not
become a nationally recognized figure until 1974, when she participated in the
hearings on the impeachment of President Richard Nixon, which were
C. later in the Untied States House of Representatives, it was not until 1974 that
Barbara Jordan became a nationally recognized figure, with her participation in
the hearings on the impeachment of President Richard Nixon, which was
D. then also later in the United States House of Representatives, not until 1974 did
Barbara Jordan become a nationally recognized figure, as she participated in the
hearings on the impeachment of President Richard Nixon, being
E. then also later in the United States House of Representatives, Barbara Jordan did
not become a nationally recognized figure until 1974, when she participated in the
hearings on the impeachment of President Richard Nixon, which was

not quite sure what "which were" from answer B is refering to. I feel like it could as well be refering to the two events mentioned in the beginning of the sentence, therefore the clarity is the issue here. Could someone else please clarify ?

A relative clause modifies the noun before it.
Coming to your question on B.
For the sentence in Ans B :
"when she participated in the hearings on the impeachment of President Richard Nixon, which were"

Here closest noun to "which" is "hearings" and hence 'hearings' is modified by which.

You can actually read the sentence simply as -"she participated in the hearings, which were televised......."
because "on the impeachment" and "of President Richard Nixon" are prepositional phrases modifying hearings only and none of these can be taken as noun being modified by which.

Hope it helps.

thank you for the reply, it helped
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Re: Although she had been known as an effective legislator first [#permalink]

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18 Nov 2014, 20:29
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

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Re: Although she had been known as an effective legislator first [#permalink]

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18 Nov 2014, 20:53
myname85 wrote:
Vips0000 wrote:
myname85 wrote:
Hi, this is Jake Suh who is new to the club.

Although she had been known as an effective legislator first in the Texas Senate and later
in the United States House of Representatives, not until Barbara Jordan’s participation in
the hearings on the impeachment of President Richard Nixon in 1974 was she made a
nationally recognized figure, as it was televised nationwide.

A. later in the United States House of Representatives, not until Barbara Jordan’s
participation in the hearings on the impeachment of President Richard Nixon in
1974 was she made a nationally recognized figure, as it was
B. later in the United States House of Representatives, Barbara Jordan did not
become a nationally recognized figure until 1974, when she participated in the
hearings on the impeachment of President Richard Nixon, which were
C. later in the Untied States House of Representatives, it was not until 1974 that
Barbara Jordan became a nationally recognized figure, with her participation in
the hearings on the impeachment of President Richard Nixon, which was
D. then also later in the United States House of Representatives, not until 1974 did
Barbara Jordan become a nationally recognized figure, as she participated in the
hearings on the impeachment of President Richard Nixon, being
E. then also later in the United States House of Representatives, Barbara Jordan did
not become a nationally recognized figure until 1974, when she participated in the
hearings on the impeachment of President Richard Nixon, which was

not quite sure what "which were" from answer B is refering to. I feel like it could as well be refering to the two events mentioned in the beginning of the sentence, therefore the clarity is the issue here. Could someone else please clarify ?

A relative clause modifies the noun before it.
Coming to your question on B.
For the sentence in Ans B :
"when she participated in the hearings on the impeachment of President Richard Nixon, which were"

Here closest noun to "which" is "hearings" and hence 'hearings' is modified by which.

You can actually read the sentence simply as -"she participated in the hearings, which were televised......."
because "on the impeachment" and "of President Richard Nixon" are prepositional phrases modifying hearings only and none of these can be taken as noun being modified by which.

Hope it helps.

thank you for the reply, it helped

Also, The noun being modified by Which should agree in numbers. Which Were - Plural & Hearings - Plural.
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Re: Although she had been known as an effective legislator first [#permalink]

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29 Dec 2015, 03:18
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

Want to see all other topics I dig out? Follow me (click follow button on profile). You will receive a summary of all topics I bump in your profile area as well as via email.
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Re: Although she had been known as an effective legislator first [#permalink]

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28 Jan 2016, 19:45
myname85 wrote:
Although she had been known as an effective legislator first in the Texas Senate and later
in the United States House of Representatives, not until Barbara Jordan’s participation in
the hearings on the impeachment of President Richard Nixon in 1974 was she made a
nationally recognized figure, as it was televised nationwide.

A. later in the United States House of Representatives, not until Barbara Jordan’s
participation in the hearings on the impeachment of President Richard Nixon in
1974 was she made a nationally recognized figure, as it was
B. later in the United States House of Representatives, Barbara Jordan did not
become a nationally recognized figure until 1974, when she participated in the
hearings on the impeachment of President Richard Nixon, which were
C. later in the Untied States House of Representatives, it was not until 1974 that
Barbara Jordan became a nationally recognized figure, with her participation in
the hearings on the impeachment of President Richard Nixon, which was
D. then also later in the United States House of Representatives, not until 1974 did
Barbara Jordan become a nationally recognized figure, as she participated in the
hearings on the impeachment of President Richard Nixon, being
E. then also later in the United States House of Representatives, Barbara Jordan did
not become a nationally recognized figure until 1974, when she participated in the
hearings on the impeachment of President Richard Nixon, which was

not quite sure what "which were" from answer B is refering to. I feel like it could as well be refering to the two events mentioned in the beginning of the sentence, therefore the clarity is the issue here. Could someone else please clarify ?

A - no antecedent for the pronoun "she".
B - looks good. which refers to the gigantic noun phrase "hearings on the impeachment of President Richard Nixon
C - after the "although clause", we need to put the subject, Barbara Jordan, but we have a pronoun IT instead. nope. verb was - does not agree in number with "hearings".
D - also - redundant with "and" same construction error as in C. ing modifier - not needed.
E - same redundancy error as in D. verb "was" does not agree in number with the subject "hearings".

B is thus the best.
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Re: Although she had been known as an effective legislator first [#permalink]

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28 Jan 2016, 21:43
Look at the verb after ‘which’; it is plural and hence what it represents should be a plural word. There are only two plural words namely Representatives and hearings in the entire passage. Obviously, 'which' cannot refer to representatives (human beings). Therefore, it should be only the hearings. The relative pronoun and noun relationship is quite clear. The hearings were indeed televised.
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Re: Although she had been known as an effective legislator first [#permalink]

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17 Dec 2016, 20:49
mvictor wrote:
myname85 wrote:
Although she had been known as an effective legislator first in the Texas Senate and later
in the United States House of Representatives, not until Barbara Jordan’s participation in
the hearings on the impeachment of President Richard Nixon in 1974 was she made a
nationally recognized figure, as it was televised nationwide.

A. later in the United States House of Representatives, not until Barbara Jordan’s
participation in the hearings on the impeachment of President Richard Nixon in
1974 was she made a nationally recognized figure, as it was
B. later in the United States House of Representatives, Barbara Jordan did not
become a nationally recognized figure until 1974, when she participated in the
hearings on the impeachment of President Richard Nixon, which were
C. later in the Untied States House of Representatives, it was not until 1974 that
Barbara Jordan became a nationally recognized figure, with her participation in
the hearings on the impeachment of President Richard Nixon, which was
D. then also later in the United States House of Representatives, not until 1974 did
Barbara Jordan become a nationally recognized figure, as she participated in the
hearings on the impeachment of President Richard Nixon, being
E. then also later in the United States House of Representatives, Barbara Jordan did
not become a nationally recognized figure until 1974, when she participated in the
hearings on the impeachment of President Richard Nixon, which was

not quite sure what "which were" from answer B is refering to. I feel like it could as well be refering to the two events mentioned in the beginning of the sentence, therefore the clarity is the issue here. Could someone else please clarify ?

A - no antecedent for the pronoun "she".
B - looks good. which refers to the gigantic noun phrase "hearings on the impeachment of President Richard Nixon
C - after the "although clause", we need to put the subject, Barbara Jordan, but we have a pronoun IT instead. nope. verb was - does not agree in number with "hearings".
D - also - redundant with "and" same construction error as in C. ing modifier - not needed.
E - same redundancy error as in D. verb "was" does not agree in number with the subject "hearings".

B is thus the best.

Although a very convoluted sentence, it is quite a subject verb agreement case which helped me eliminate the options,
Re: Although she had been known as an effective legislator first   [#permalink] 17 Dec 2016, 20:49
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