Although the bite of brown recluse spiders are rarely fatal, : GMAT Sentence Correction (SC)
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# Although the bite of brown recluse spiders are rarely fatal,

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Although the bite of brown recluse spiders are rarely fatal, [#permalink]

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10 Sep 2004, 20:57
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Although the bite of brown recluse spiders are rarely fatal, they cause chronic flesh wounds, posing the greatest danger to the infant and elderly, who are particularly vulnerable to its poison.
(A) brown recluse spiders are rarely fatal, they cause chronic flesh wounds, posing the greatest danger to the infant and elderly, who are particularly vulnerable to its
(B) brown recluse spiders are rarely fatal, they cause chronic flesh wounds and pose the greatest danger to the infant and elderly, who are particularly vulnerable to their
(C) the brown recluse spider is rarely fatal, it causes chronic flesh wounds, posing the greatest danger to the infant and elderly, who are particularly vulnerable to their
(D) the brown recluse spider is rarely fatal, it causes chronic flesh wounds and poses the greatest danger to infants and the elderly, who are particularly vulnerable to its
(E) the brown recluse spider is rarely fatal, they cause chronic flesh wounds, posing the greatest danger to the infant and elderly, who are particularly vulnerable to its
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10 Sep 2004, 22:00
E is my choice.

it is not clear in D whether "and" refers to spider or poison/wound. gerund phrase fits best.
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10 Sep 2004, 22:18
I will go for D.

1. 'the' is needed and rightly signals that the noun is definite and that it refers to a 'particular' member of a group (of spiders). Leaves us with choices C, D and E.

2. 'It' should refer to the spider. 'they' in E is worng as it is the plural form of the singular 'spider'.

3. 'who' should refer to the people (elderly and young)

'it' and its possessive 'its' in the sentence is grammatically right.

D has it all right.
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11 Sep 2004, 06:06
Venksune,

I'm hesitating between B and D. I was not shocked by the lack of "the" in B, could you please explain that point which enabled you to discriminate the 2 first choices. Same wonder at the end of the sentence, reference to infant(s) and elderly must use another "the" or not ?
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11 Sep 2004, 06:17
1. 'the' is complusary before the spider so A and B eliminated
2. pronoun 'it' is appropriate compared to 'they' so E is eliminated
3. causes and poses are the right parallel form. so C is eliminated

My choice is D.
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11 Sep 2004, 06:20
Krish,

Thanks for your stao by step approach : we share the second and third one. I just do not understand why the is compulsory before spider ?
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11 Sep 2004, 08:31
Without seeing the previous discussion, I choose B
A) "its" at the end does not properly refer to "spiders"
C) "their" at the end does not properly refer to "spider"
D) "danger to infants and the elderly" --> why a sudden switch from plural subject to a singular one? Lack of parallelism in comparison terms it is.
E) "they" does not properly refer to "bite"
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11 Sep 2004, 08:34
Sorry, just did some searching and found out "the elderly" is plural so D must be it because in B, "the infant" has definite article which makes us wonder as to which infant it is?
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11 Sep 2004, 08:50
huh! I didn't notice that we have "they" in E
but, I am still not convinced by D. who poses danger? spiders or bite?
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11 Sep 2004, 12:15
I will go for D as well...

Bite is a singular. So we should have

Bite is rarely fatal

it causes chronic flesh wounds

its poison.
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11 Sep 2004, 12:42
Yes, (D) is the right answer for all the good reasons stated above. To answer twixt's question about the lack of the in (B), when you have a special kind of a general species referred to in language, you have two choices:

(i) You can refer to the species as plural, which is when you can leave out the before plural species. Example:

"There are three kinds of bears in Northern Canada: grizzly bears, black bears, and polar bears."

(ii) You can refer to the species as singular, which is when you have to include the before singular species. Example:

"A bear in Northern Canada can be of any kind: the grizzly bear, the black bear, and the polar bear."

So, while (B) in the problem above correctly excludes the before brown reclusive spiders, it's the bite ... are rarely fatal that sinks its boat.
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11 Sep 2004, 15:52
dj wrote:
huh! I didn't notice that we have "they" in E
but, I am still not convinced by D. who poses danger? spiders or bite?

In E, the wounds pose the danger. "Although the bite of spider is rarely fatal, they [wrong, it] cause chronic flesh wounds, posing the greatest danger to..."

In D, the spider's bite pose the danger. "Although the bite of spider is rarely fatal, it causes chronic flesh wounds and poses the greatest danger to..."

Actually D makes sense in the bite being a danger.
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11 Sep 2004, 18:34
OA is D.
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03 Jan 2005, 22:52
awesome discussion, it goes in my bookmarks. i agree with D.
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04 Jan 2005, 10:16
jxx wrote:
OA is D.

thanks jxx. this is a really good question. my choice was D.
04 Jan 2005, 10:16
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