Although the earliest surviving Greek inscriptions written : GMAT Critical Reasoning (CR)
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# Although the earliest surviving Greek inscriptions written

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Intern
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Although the earliest surviving Greek inscriptions written [#permalink]

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03 Oct 2011, 01:57
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Difficulty:

35% (medium)

Question Stats:

73% (03:08) correct 27% (02:33) wrong based on 66 sessions

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Although the earliest surviving Greek inscriptions written in an alphabet date from the eighth century B.C., a strong case can be made that the Greeks actually adopted alphabetic writing at least two centuries earlier. Significantly, the text of these earliest surviving Greek inscriptions sometimes runs from right to left and sometimes from left to right. Now, the Greeks learned alphabetic writing from the Phoenicians, and in the process they would surely have adopted whatever convention the Phoenicians were then using with respect to the direction of writing. Originally, Phoenicians writing ran in either direction, but by the eighth century B.C. it had been consistently written from right to left for about two centuries.

In the argument given, the two portions in boldface play which of the following roles?

(A)The first provides evidence in support of the position that the argument seeks to establish; the second is that position.
(B)The first provides evidence in support of the position that the argument seeks to establish; the second presents an assumption on which that argument relies.
(C)The first is an assumption that the argument concludes is unjustified; the second presents part of the grounds for that conclusion.
(D)The first is evidence that forms the basis for an objection to the position that the argument seeks to establish; the second is that position.
(E)The first is evidence that forms the basis for an objection to the position that the argument seeks to establish; the second is a judgment that is introduced in order to call into question the relevance of that evidence.

I chose E why the hell is B?? Pls explain in details thank yoiu
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
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Re: A deviant version of Greek inscriptions [#permalink]

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03 Oct 2011, 05:13
2
KUDOS
Can you share the source of this question?

I bolded part questions you should generally adopt a stratergy that is similar to Method of Reasoning type questions...
You must remember that
1. your anser choice should be relevant to the infomation given to you in the stimulus
2. Any answer choice that describes information or a situation that does not occour in the stimulus is incorrect.
3. In bolded phrase questions, the answer choices should structurally play the same part that they do in the argument.

2. Half right, half wrong.
(N-HERO)

So keeping these rules in view, lets go the question...
your first step from the argument would be to identify the conclusion...which is...
"a strong case can be made that the Greeks actually adopted alphabetic writing at least two centuries earlier"

now the first bolded phrase...
Significantly, the text of these earliest surviving Greek inscriptions sometimes runs from right to left and sometimes from left to right.
is an evidence that the author is using to support his claim(the conclusion)

the second bolded phrase....
they would surely have adopted whatever convention the Phoenicians were then using with respect to the direction of writing.
the style of this phrase tells us that this is something of an assumption that the author is making, he has not presented any evidence to support this phrase.- the words "would have" are a tip off..

Now, that you have the structure of the two parts understood...lets see if we can find a similar structure in the answer choices...

(A)The first provides evidence in support of the position that the argument seeks to establish; the second is that position.
As you can notice the first part agrees with our reasoning and not the second part - Half right, half wrong error

(B)The first provides evidence in support of the position that the argument seeks to establish; the second presents an assumption on which that argument relies.

This is in complete agreement with our structure that we observed. - Answer
(C)The first is an assumption that the argument concludes is unjustified; the second presents part of the grounds for that conclusion.
Both parts are wrong.
(D)The first is evidence that forms the basis for an objection to the position that the argument seeks to establish; the second is that position.
Half right, half wrong error

(E)The first is evidence that forms the basis for an objection to the position that the argument seeks to establish; the second is a judgment that is introduced in order to call into question the relevance of that evidence.

This is again a half right - half wrong answer...the second phrase is not a judgement, it too exaggerated/strong a term. The author has not judged anything here(he did not state anything is right or wrong).

Hope this helped...
_________________

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Re: A deviant version of Greek inscriptions [#permalink]

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18 Oct 2011, 04:41
B IMO
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Re: A deviant version of Greek inscriptions [#permalink]

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18 Oct 2011, 08:25
God...this took me 3 minutes 30 sec ....but I got the right answer (B)......really liked TheForrestGump's explanation....kudos!
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Re: Although the earliest surviving Greek inscriptions written [#permalink]

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16 Jan 2012, 21:00
In the second bold face the word surely is used which indicates an assumption and B is the only option which calls the second bold face an assumption.
Re: Although the earliest surviving Greek inscriptions written   [#permalink] 16 Jan 2012, 21:00
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