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# Although the recent debate over the efficacy

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Manager
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Although the recent debate over the efficacy [#permalink]

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13 Jun 2009, 04:57
1
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Although the recent debate over the
efficacy of capital punishment as a
deterrent to violent crime has produced
informed commentary from both camps,
5 few of the “experts” cited in public
discussion of the issue are aware that
the basic concept of deterrence was
developed during the eighteenth century
by the Italian writer Cesare Beccaria in
10 his book Crimes and Punishments
(1764). While arguing vehemently in
favor of strict punishments for violent
criminals, Beccaria nevertheless
rejected torture, secret trials, and capital
15 punishment as viable deterrents to
violent crime.
profound influence on the treatment of
criminals. However, at present there is
20 little evidence to support Beccaria’s
fundamental contention that strict
punishment leads to a reduction in
violent crime. In a survey of the
American penal system recently carried
25 out by the Justice Department, a vast
majority of convicted felons revealed
that the threat of strict punishment, even
capital punishment, in no way deterred
them from committing a particular crime
30 or pursuing a career in crime. One
wonders how Beccaria would alter his
arguments if evidence like this had been
available to him. He might be pleased to
note that the evidence does support his
35 belief that capital punishment is an
ineffective deterrent, but he would be
hard pressed to find compelling support
for his other Draconian
recommendations.

According to the author, which of the following is true of Beccaria’s conception of criminal punishment?

It is discounted by most participants in the debate over capital punishment.

It typifies eighteenth-century attitudes toward the treatment of violent criminals.

It is less relevant to the debate over capital punishment than it was two centuries ago.

It forms the basis of the most contemporary discussions of crime and punishment.

It contains an early expression of a central issue to the debate over capital punishment.
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13 Jun 2009, 05:32
mbaMission wrote:
1 Although the recent debate over the
efficacy of capital punishment as a
deterrent to violent crime has produced
informed commentary from both camps,
5 few of the “experts” cited in public
discussion of the issue are aware that
the basic concept of deterrence was
developed during the eighteenth century
by the Italian writer Cesare Beccaria in
10 his book Crimes and Punishments
(1764). While arguing vehemently in
favor of strict punishments for violent
criminals, Beccaria nevertheless
rejected torture, secret trials, and capital
15 punishment as viable deterrents to
violent crime.
profound influence on the treatment of
criminals. However, at present there is
20 little evidence to support Beccaria’s
fundamental contention that strict
punishment leads to a reduction in
violent crime. In a survey of the
American penal system recently carried
25 out by the Justice Department, a vast
majority of convicted felons revealed
that the threat of strict punishment, even
capital punishment, in no way deterred
them from committing a particular crime
30 or pursuing a career in crime. One
wonders how Beccaria would alter his
arguments if evidence like this had been
available to him. He might be pleased to
note that the evidence does support his
35 belief that capital punishment is an
ineffective deterrent, but he would be
hard pressed to find compelling support
for his other Draconian
recommendations.

According to the author, which of the following is true of Beccaria’s conception of criminal punishment?

It is discounted by most participants in the debate over capital punishment.

It typifies eighteenth-century attitudes toward the treatment of violent criminals.

It is less relevant to the debate over capital punishment than it was two centuries ago.

It forms the basis of the most contemporary discussions of crime and punishment.

It contains an early expression of a central issue to the debate over capital punishment.

IMO D.

A, C and E can be eliminated because it talks about capital punishment, not criminal punishment.

B is not relevant because it talks about 18$$^{\small th}$$ century attitudes which is not discussed.

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13 Jun 2009, 05:48
what's the OA?
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13 Jun 2009, 06:47
prinits wrote:
what's the OA?

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13 Jun 2009, 10:16
goldeneagle94 wrote:
prinits wrote:
what's the OA?

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17 Jun 2009, 00:23
E
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17 Jun 2009, 03:32
1
KUDOS
I think E is the answer

According to the author, which of the following is true of Beccaria’s conception of criminal punishment?
A) It is discounted by most participants in the debate over capital punishment. strong word
B) It typifies eighteenth-century attitudes toward the treatment of violent criminals. The concept was developed by him in his book.. typifies is not the exact word.
C) It is less relevant to the debate over capital punishment than it was two centuries ago.
D) It forms the basis of the most contemporary discussions of crime and punishment.

E) It contains an early expression of a central issue to the debate over capital punishment. it is neutral and appropriate.
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17 Jun 2009, 21:48
mbaMission wrote:
1 Although the recent debate over the
efficacy of capital punishment as a
deterrent to violent crime has produced
informed commentary from both camps,
5 few of the “experts” cited in public
discussion of the issue are aware that
the basic concept of deterrence was
developed during the eighteenth century
by the Italian writer Cesare Beccaria in
10 his book Crimes and Punishments
(1764). While arguing vehemently in
favor of strict punishments for violent
criminals, Beccaria nevertheless
rejected torture, secret trials, and capital
15 punishment as viable deterrents to
violent crime.
profound influence on the treatment of
criminals. However, at present there is
20 little evidence to support Beccaria’s
fundamental contention that strict
punishment leads to a reduction in
violent crime. In a survey of the
American penal system recently carried
25 out by the Justice Department, a vast
majority of convicted felons revealed
that the threat of strict punishment, even
capital punishment, in no way deterred
them from committing a particular crime
30 or pursuing a career in crime. One
wonders how Beccaria would alter his
arguments if evidence like this had been
available to him. He might be pleased to
note that the evidence does support his
35 belief that capital punishment is an
ineffective deterrent, but he would be
hard pressed to find compelling support
for his other Draconian
recommendations.

According to the author, which of the following is true of Beccaria’s conception of criminal punishment?

It is discounted by most participants in the debate over capital punishment.

It typifies eighteenth-century attitudes toward the treatment of violent criminals.

It is less relevant to the debate over capital punishment than it was two centuries ago.

It forms the basis of the most contemporary discussions of crime and punishment.

It contains an early expression of a central issue to the debate over capital punishment.

OA: E
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Do not answer without sharing the reasoning behind ur choice
-----------------------------------------------------------
Working on my weakness : GMAT Verbal
------------------------------------------------------------
Why, What, How, When, Where, Who
==============================================

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18 Jun 2009, 11:45
E shud be the answer. First para indicates that.
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03 Jul 2010, 03:21
Its close between D & E.
The passage is primarily focussed Becarria's implications on efficacy of capital punishment at present, not about its implications on crime & punishment prevalent at present.
Thus E is a better choice than D.
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01 Aug 2010, 17:50
E
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11 Aug 2010, 20:38
2
KUDOS
It is discounted by most participants in the debate over capital punishment. few of the “experts” cited in public discussion of the issue are aware that the basic concept of deterrence was developed during the eighteenth century by the Italian writer Cesare Beccaria They were not aware so they can not discount it

It typifies eighteenth-century attitudes toward the treatment of violent criminals. The book was published in 18th century but no where attitude of that century is mentioned in the passage

It is less relevant to the debate over capital punishment than it was two centuries ago. Any Debate in 18th century is not mentioned

It forms the basis of the most contemporary discussions of crime and punishment. Same argument as for choice A, They were not aware so it can not be the basis

It contains an early expression of a central issue to the debate over capital punishment. The central issue of the debate as mentioned in first esntence is Capital punishment and Beccaria's has given his view on capital punishment

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17 Jun 2011, 06:32
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19 Jun 2011, 04:25
I'd also go for E..
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Re: Although the recent debate over the efficacy [#permalink]

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10 Jan 2012, 05:12
Between E and D I chose E.D has a very strong word most which is not supported by the paragraph through evidence therefore by POE I went for E.
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Re: Although the recent debate over the efficacy [#permalink]

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02 Jul 2014, 01:53
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Re: Although the recent debate over the efficacy [#permalink]

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08 Feb 2016, 20:17
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

Want to see all other topics I dig out? Follow me (click follow button on profile). You will receive a summary of all topics I bump in your profile area as well as via email.
Re: Although the recent debate over the efficacy   [#permalink] 08 Feb 2016, 20:17
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