Although the Supreme Court ruled as long ago as 1880 that : GMAT Sentence Correction (SC)
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Although the Supreme Court ruled as long ago as 1880 that

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Although the Supreme Court ruled as long ago as 1880 that Blacks could not be excluded outright from jury service, nearly a century of case-by-case adjudication has been necessary to develop and enforce the principle that all juries must be drawn from “a fair cross section of the community.”

(A) has been necessary to develop and enforce the principle that all juries must be
(B) was necessary for developing and enforcing the principle of all juries being
(C) was to be necessary in developing and enforcing the principle of all juries to be
(D) is necessary to develop and enforce the principle that all juries must be
(E) will be necessary for developing and enforcing the principle of all juries being
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Although the Supreme Court ruled as long ago as 1880 that Blacks could not be excluded outright from jury service, nearly a century of case-by-case adjudication has been necessary to develop and enforce the principle that all juries must be drawn from “a fair cross section of the community.”

(A) has been necessary to develop and enforce the principle that all juries must be
Correct
(B) was necessary for developing and enforcing the principle of all juries being
" to develop and enforce" is better
(C) was to be necessary in developing and enforcing the principle of all juries to be
Awkward
(D) is necessary to develop and enforce the principle that all juries must be
Change the meaning : like a prediction
(E) will be necessary for developing and enforcing the principle of all juries being
Change the meaning of the sentence
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Re: Although the Supreme Court ruled as long ago as 1880 [#permalink]

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New post 22 Apr 2012, 10:36
Do we need the 'must' in option A?
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Re: Although the Supreme Court ruled as long ago as 1880 [#permalink]

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New post 22 Apr 2012, 22:22
khaadu wrote:
Do we need the 'must' in option A?


No. The meaning of (A) indicates that this period of time has happened...
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Re: Although the Supreme Court ruled as long ago as 1880 [#permalink]

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New post 24 Apr 2012, 22:23
Please explain why option B is wrong, is it because wrong usage of "being"?
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Re: Although the Supreme Court ruled as long ago as 1880 [#permalink]

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New post 29 Apr 2012, 21:29
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My Approach -->
Since the sentence can take multiple tense form depending on what it means so i did not rely on that.
Principle must be followed by that


Although the Supreme Court ruled as long ago as 1880 that Blacks could not be excluded outright from jury service, nearly a century of case-by-case adjudication has been necessary to develop and enforce the principle that all juries must be drawn from “a fair cross section of the community.”

(A) has been necessary to develop and enforce the principle that all juries must be
(B) was necessary for developing and enforcing the principle of all juries being
(C) was to be necessary in developing and enforcing the principle of all juries to be
(D) is necessary to develop and enforce the principle that all juries must be
(E) will be necessary for developing and enforcing the principle of all juries being
NOw in A and D ,
NEarly a century of cases indicates present continous so A.

PLEase correct me if i am wrong.
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Re: Although the Supreme Court ruled as long ago as 1880 [#permalink]

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New post 29 Apr 2012, 23:20
i guess nearly a century of ..... give hints to use "has been"
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New post 28 May 2012, 04:20
Can someone please explain why option D is incorrect?
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monir6000 wrote:
Although the Supreme Court ruled as long ago as 1880 that Blacks could not be excluded outright from jury service, nearly a century of case-by-case adjudication has been necessary to develop and enforce the principle that all juries must be drawn from “a fair cross section of the community.”

(A) has been necessary to develop and enforce the principle that all juries must be
(B) was necessary for developing and enforcing the principle of all juries being
(C) was to be necessary in developing and enforcing the principle of all juries to be
(D) is necessary to develop and enforce the principle that all juries must be
(E) will be necessary for developing and enforcing the principle of all juries being


i was stuck between A and D. finally picked A. the intended meaning of the sentence is that court ruled in 1880 that Black could not be excluded outright from Jury service. the second represents a flow of time-line by stating "century of case-by-case adjudication". So D is out. correct me if i am wrong
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Re: Although the Supreme Court ruled as long ago as 1880 that [#permalink]

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New post 14 May 2016, 23:05
Can someone please explain why is B incorrect?
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New post 14 May 2016, 23:15
sa18 wrote:
Can someone please explain why is B incorrect?


I think B is wrong because of its tense.The situation stated in the question has started long ago and is still in continuation and has not ended yet.Hence the tense (Present perfect progressive) Has Been is perfectly suitable.

Please correct me if I am wrong.
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Although the Supreme Court ruled as long ago as 1880 that [#permalink]

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ynk wrote:
sa18 wrote:
Can someone please explain why is B incorrect?


I think B is wrong because of its tense.The situation stated in the question has started long ago and is still in continuation and has not ended yet.Hence the tense (Present perfect progressive) Has Been is perfectly suitable.

Please correct me if I am wrong.


Option B is wrong for 2 reasons:

1. For conveying an intent infinitive is a better choice. Hence "to develop and enforce" is better than " for developing and enforcing"
2. The usage "the principle of all juries being drawn" is wrong. The phrase implies that the principle belonged to the juries who were being drawn.
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New post 30 Aug 2016, 14:58
Don't understand why D is incorrect. What does "century of" has to do with the verb tense??

Could someone please clarify? Thanks!
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manhasnoname wrote:
Don't understand why D is incorrect. What does "century of" has to do with the verb tense??

Could someone please clarify? Thanks!


X is necessary to do Y: implies that the necessity is in the present.

X has been necessary to do Y: implies that the necessity has been there for some time.

"A century of" implies that the necessity has been there for a century - therefore "has been" is better than "is".

Option D implies that the necessity is from now to 100 years from now. Option A implies that the necessity has been from 1880 (or some point of time in the past) to 100 years from that point.
Re: Although the Supreme Court ruled as long ago as 1880 that   [#permalink] 31 Aug 2016, 02:35
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