Find all School-related info fast with the new School-Specific MBA Forum

 It is currently 06 Feb 2016, 16:41

### GMAT Club Daily Prep

#### Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

# Events & Promotions

###### Events & Promotions in June
Open Detailed Calendar

# Although the Supreme Court ruled as long ago as 1880 that

Author Message
TAGS:
Director
Joined: 01 Aug 2008
Posts: 769
Followers: 4

Kudos [?]: 356 [0], given: 99

Although the Supreme Court ruled as long ago as 1880 that [#permalink]  25 Feb 2009, 11:19
1
This post was
BOOKMARKED
00:00

Difficulty:

(N/A)

Question Stats:

60% (01:45) correct 40% (01:15) wrong based on 100 sessions
101. Although the Supreme Court ruled as long ago as 1880 that Blacks could not be excluded outright from jury service, nearly a century of case-by-case adjudication has been necessary to develop and enforce the principle that all juries must be drawn from “a fair cross section of the community.”
(A) has been necessary to develop and enforce the principle that all juries must be
(B) was necessary for developing and enforcing the principle of all juries being
(C) was to be necessary in developing and enforcing the principle of all juries to be
(D) is necessary to develop and enforce the principle that all juries must be
(E) will be necessary for developing and enforcing the principle of all juries being

please explain .... I chose D but that is not the answer ....
VP
Joined: 05 Jul 2008
Posts: 1431
Followers: 37

Kudos [?]: 292 [1] , given: 1

Re: SC -- 1000 series-- court rule [#permalink]  25 Feb 2009, 13:29
1
KUDOS

it took 100 years to completely implement

hence you need continous tense and answer choice A has it
SVP
Joined: 29 Aug 2007
Posts: 2492
Followers: 64

Kudos [?]: 632 [0], given: 19

Re: SC -- 1000 series-- court rule [#permalink]  25 Feb 2009, 14:01
ugimba wrote:
101. Although the Supreme Court ruled as long ago as 1880 that Blacks could not be excluded outright from jury service, nearly a century of case-by-case adjudication has been necessary to develop and enforce the principle that all juries must be drawn from “a fair cross section of the community.”

(A) has been necessary to develop and enforce the principle that all juries must be
(B) was necessary for developing and enforcing the principle of all juries being
(C) was to be necessary in developing and enforcing the principle of all juries to be
(D) is necessary to develop and enforce the principle that all juries must be
(E) will be necessary for developing and enforcing the principle of all juries being

please explain .... I chose D but that is not the answer ....

D means "nearly a century of case-by-case adjudication" is a necessary condition where as A means it took "nearly a century of case-by-case adjudication" to develop and enforce the principle that all juries must be from “a fair cross section of the community".

So A is correct. I was also leaning toward B but B has "being" and changes the tense.
_________________
Director
Joined: 01 Aug 2008
Posts: 769
Followers: 4

Kudos [?]: 356 [0], given: 99

Re: SC -- 1000 series-- court rule [#permalink]  26 Feb 2009, 05:16
Thanks. The OA is A.
Manager
Joined: 17 Dec 2008
Posts: 177
Followers: 2

Kudos [?]: 85 [1] , given: 0

Re: SC -- 1000 series-- court rule [#permalink]  26 Feb 2009, 21:39
1
KUDOS
101. Although the Supreme Court ruled as long ago as 1880 that Blacks could not be excluded outright from jury service, nearly a century of case-by-case adjudication has been necessary to develop and enforce the principle that all juries must be drawn from “a fair cross section of the community.”
(A) has been necessary to develop and enforce the principle that all juries must be
(B) was necessary for developing and enforcing the principle of all juries being
(C) was to be necessary in developing and enforcing the principle of all juries to be
(D) is necessary to develop and enforce the principle that all juries must be
(E) will be necessary for developing and enforcing the principle of all juries being

A is more precise than B.
Multiple clues to eliminate B.
1. being...
2. the principle of

Note that you can easily frame a correct sentence even if the second part is in simple past tense.
Manager
Joined: 11 Aug 2008
Posts: 161
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 44 [0], given: 8

Re: SC -- 1000 series-- court rule [#permalink]  13 Jun 2009, 23:55
ugimba wrote:
101. Although the Supreme Court ruled as long ago as 1880 that Blacks could not be excluded outright from jury service, nearly a century of case-by-case adjudication has been necessary to develop and enforce the principle that all juries must be drawn from “a fair cross section of the community.”
(A) has been necessary to develop and enforce the principle that all juries must be
(B) was necessary for developing and enforcing the principle of all juries being
(C) was to be necessary in developing and enforcing the principle of all juries to be
(D) is necessary to develop and enforce the principle that all juries must be
(E) will be necessary for developing and enforcing the principle of all juries being

In B being almost always wrong in Gmat SC, so it is out
In C was to be....to be awkward
In E will be ...being
Between A and D, I choose A because of the phrase "nearly a century of case-by-case adjudication" needs a present perfect tense
Manager
Joined: 17 Jul 2008
Posts: 249
Followers: 4

Kudos [?]: 166 [0], given: 29

Re: SC -- 1000 series-- court rule [#permalink]  14 Jun 2009, 04:01
ugimba wrote:
101. Although the Supreme Court ruled as long ago as 1880 that Blacks could not be excluded outright from jury service, nearly a century of case-by-case adjudication has been necessary to develop and enforce the principle that all juries must be drawn from “a fair cross section of the community.”
(A) has been necessary to develop and enforce the principle that all juries must be
(B) was necessary for developing and enforcing the principle of all juries being
(C) was to be necessary in developing and enforcing the principle of all juries to be
(D) is necessary to develop and enforce the principle that all juries must be
(E) will be necessary for developing and enforcing the principle of all juries being

please explain .... I chose D but that is not the answer ....

I have eliminated B,E since usage of being . I have eliminated D due to usage of ''is'' . But why C is wrong ? Can somebody explain?
_________________

Please give kudos if you enjoy the explanations that I have given. Thanks

Senior Manager
Joined: 14 Jun 2010
Posts: 333
Followers: 2

Kudos [?]: 19 [0], given: 7

Re: SC -- 1000 series-- court rule [#permalink]  27 Jul 2010, 20:55
Very close between A and B. B has being so that eliminates the choice. So has to be A
Manager
Joined: 27 Jun 2008
Posts: 85
Location: United States (AL)
Concentration: General Management, Technology
GMAT 1: 660 Q48 V34
WE: Consulting (Computer Software)
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 14 [0], given: 22

Re: SC -- 1000 series-- court rule [#permalink]  28 Jul 2010, 21:59
A for me,, continous tense required in the sentence
Manager
Status: Target 700+
Joined: 12 Jun 2011
Posts: 59
Location: India
WE: Programming (Computer Software)
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 12 [1] , given: 3

Re: SC -- 1000 series-- court rule [#permalink]  08 Aug 2011, 03:14
1
KUDOS
I read a excellent explanation fr this question by someone on 1000 sc forum:

Analysis:
Verb Tense
- has been
- was
- was to be
- is necessary
- will be

It starts in the past and now in the present - Present Perfect Tense

Parallelism
- to develop and enforce
- for developing and enforcing
- in developing and enforcing
- to develop and enforce
- for developing and enforcing

Also, Subordinate clause
that Blacks could not be excluded outright from jury service

main clause
- that all juries must be
- of all juries being
- of all juries to be
- that all juries must be
- of all juries being

Idioms
- necessary for
- necessary to

B - out past tense, of juries being
C - out past tense, of all juries to be
E - out future tense, of all juries being

Between A and D
tense: has been vs. is
parallelism: both correct
Main vs. Subordinate: both correct
Idiom: necessary to both correct

A - past to present
D - present

A - Correct
_________________

Study Daily to conquer GMAT.

Status: How can I crack Verbal
Joined: 12 May 2011
Posts: 209
Location: India
Concentration: General Management, Finance
GMAT 1: 700 Q51 V32
GPA: 3
Followers: 2

Kudos [?]: 19 [1] , given: 33

Re: SC -- 1000 series-- court rule [#permalink]  09 Aug 2011, 03:26
1
KUDOS
was confused b/w A and D,eventually chose D ..i keep commiting errors when it comes to VebTense
Senior Manager
Joined: 25 Nov 2011
Posts: 261
Location: India
Concentration: Technology, General Management
GPA: 3.95
WE: Information Technology (Computer Software)
Followers: 3

Kudos [?]: 111 [0], given: 20

Re: SC -- 1000 series-- court rule [#permalink]  30 Dec 2011, 21:56
LifeChanger wrote:
was confused b/w A and D,eventually chose D ..i keep commiting errors when it comes to VebTense

Hope you would get better at tenses now.
_________________

-------------------------
-Aravind Chembeti

Intern
Joined: 27 Feb 2013
Posts: 18
WE: Engineering (Computer Software)
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 6 [0], given: 9

Re: Although the Supreme Court ruled as long ago as 1880 that [#permalink]  19 Jun 2013, 04:25
ugimba wrote:
101. Although the Supreme Court ruled as long ago as 1880 that Blacks could not be excluded outright from jury service, nearly a century of case-by-case adjudication has been necessary to develop and enforce the principle that all juries must be drawn from “a fair cross section of the community.”
(A) has been necessary to develop and enforce the principle that all juries must be
(B) was necessary for developing and enforcing the principle of all juries being
(C) was to be necessary in developing and enforcing the principle of all juries to be
(D) is necessary to develop and enforce the principle that all juries must be
(E) will be necessary for developing and enforcing the principle of all juries being

please explain .... I chose D but that is not the answer ....

1880 then a century- around 1980.. shouldn't this be in past tense? B or C
Princeton Review Representative
Joined: 17 Jun 2013
Posts: 163
Followers: 133

Kudos [?]: 249 [0], given: 0

Re: Although the Supreme Court ruled as long ago as 1880 that [#permalink]  19 Jun 2013, 08:48
Expert's post
ugimba wrote:
101. Although the Supreme Court ruled as long ago as 1880 that Blacks could not be excluded outright from jury service, nearly a century of case-by-case adjudication has been necessary to develop and enforce the principle that all juries must be drawn from “a fair cross section of the community.”
(A) has been necessary to develop and enforce the principle that all juries must be
(B) was necessary for developing and enforcing the principle of all juries being
(C) was to be necessary in developing and enforcing the principle of all juries to be
(D) is necessary to develop and enforce the principle that all juries must be
(E) will be necessary for developing and enforcing the principle of all juries being

please explain .... I chose D but that is not the answer ....

The first issue is Verb tense. our choices are present perfect, past, present and future.

The action in this sentence occured over a period of time. The tense used for this is present perfect - therefore A is the correct answer.
_________________

Special offer! Save $250 on GMAT Ultimate Classroom, GMAT Small Group Instruction, or GMAT Liveonline when you use the promo code GCVERBAL250. Or, save$150 on GMAT Self-Prep when you use the code GCVERBAL150. Enroll at www.princetonreview.com

Manager
Joined: 09 Apr 2013
Posts: 214
Location: United States
Concentration: Finance, Economics
GMAT 1: 710 Q44 V44
GMAT 2: 740 Q48 V44
GPA: 3.1
WE: Sales (Mutual Funds and Brokerage)
Followers: 4

Kudos [?]: 69 [1] , given: 40

Re: Although the Supreme Court ruled as long ago as 1880 that [#permalink]  24 Jun 2013, 10:55
1
KUDOS
I don't like this question because the action DIDN'T occur over a particular time!

It only occured once!!

Nearly a century (subject) was needed (predicate) to ......

It's not as if a century was needed in 1880, and another century was needed in 1979... we only needed the century once, in 1880. In 1881, we needed 99 years... 98 years after that, then 97... etc etc.

The actions that occur WITHIN that century, however, such as "to develop" and "to enforce" are ongoing.

B is wrong for idiomatic reasons, but the others are wrong grammatically.. so I picked B.

What is the source of this question?
Intern
Joined: 12 Jul 2013
Posts: 7
GMAT 1: 700 Q V
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 5 [0], given: 44

Re: Although the Supreme Court ruled as long ago as 1880 that [#permalink]  16 Jul 2013, 01:42
I think the problem lie in “principle that” and “principle of”
“principle that” should be followed by the detail information of the principle(a complete setence)

So, I can elimilate B C E,
A&D left

choose A because we need a complete form
Manager
Joined: 24 Jul 2011
Posts: 244
Location: India
GMAT 1: 570 Q50 V19
GMAT 2: 650 Q49 V28
GMAT 3: 690 Q50 V34
WE: Information Technology (Investment Banking)
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 28 [0], given: 90

Re: Although the Supreme Court ruled as long ago as 1880 that [#permalink]  04 Jul 2014, 20:25
I heard with subjunctives (or some people call it as thinking verb e.g. order, principle etc) we must have thinking verb + that + simple form of verb. So in this case why we have "must be" with principle that?
_________________

Middle of nowhere!

Re: Although the Supreme Court ruled as long ago as 1880 that   [#permalink] 04 Jul 2014, 20:25
Similar topics Replies Last post
Similar
Topics:
Although the Supreme Court ruled as long ago as 1880 that 3 22 Jul 2009, 22:35
Although the Supreme Court ruled as long ago as 1880 that 4 12 Jul 2008, 02:36
Although the Supreme Court ruled as long ago as 1880 that 5 15 Jan 2008, 02:15
Although the Supreme Court ruled as long ago as 1880 that 1 14 Dec 2006, 23:59
Although the Supreme Court ruled as long ago as 1880 that 9 30 Oct 2006, 13:29
Display posts from previous: Sort by