Although the Supreme Court ruled as long ago as 1880 that : GMAT Sentence Correction (SC)
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# Although the Supreme Court ruled as long ago as 1880 that

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Although the Supreme Court ruled as long ago as 1880 that [#permalink]

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25 Feb 2009, 11:19
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101. Although the Supreme Court ruled as long ago as 1880 that Blacks could not be excluded outright from jury service, nearly a century of case-by-case adjudication has been necessary to develop and enforce the principle that all juries must be drawn from “a fair cross section of the community.”
(A) has been necessary to develop and enforce the principle that all juries must be
(B) was necessary for developing and enforcing the principle of all juries being
(C) was to be necessary in developing and enforcing the principle of all juries to be
(D) is necessary to develop and enforce the principle that all juries must be
(E) will be necessary for developing and enforcing the principle of all juries being

please explain .... I chose D but that is not the answer ....
If you have any questions
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Re: SC -- 1000 series-- court rule [#permalink]

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25 Feb 2009, 13:29
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it took 100 years to completely implement

hence you need continous tense and answer choice A has it
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Re: SC -- 1000 series-- court rule [#permalink]

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25 Feb 2009, 14:01
ugimba wrote:
101. Although the Supreme Court ruled as long ago as 1880 that Blacks could not be excluded outright from jury service, nearly a century of case-by-case adjudication has been necessary to develop and enforce the principle that all juries must be drawn from “a fair cross section of the community.”

(A) has been necessary to develop and enforce the principle that all juries must be
(B) was necessary for developing and enforcing the principle of all juries being
(C) was to be necessary in developing and enforcing the principle of all juries to be
(D) is necessary to develop and enforce the principle that all juries must be
(E) will be necessary for developing and enforcing the principle of all juries being

please explain .... I chose D but that is not the answer ....

D means "nearly a century of case-by-case adjudication" is a necessary condition where as A means it took "nearly a century of case-by-case adjudication" to develop and enforce the principle that all juries must be from “a fair cross section of the community".

So A is correct. I was also leaning toward B but B has "being" and changes the tense.
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Re: SC -- 1000 series-- court rule [#permalink]

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26 Feb 2009, 05:16
Thanks. The OA is A.
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Re: SC -- 1000 series-- court rule [#permalink]

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26 Feb 2009, 21:39
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101. Although the Supreme Court ruled as long ago as 1880 that Blacks could not be excluded outright from jury service, nearly a century of case-by-case adjudication has been necessary to develop and enforce the principle that all juries must be drawn from “a fair cross section of the community.”
(A) has been necessary to develop and enforce the principle that all juries must be
(B) was necessary for developing and enforcing the principle of all juries being
(C) was to be necessary in developing and enforcing the principle of all juries to be
(D) is necessary to develop and enforce the principle that all juries must be
(E) will be necessary for developing and enforcing the principle of all juries being

A is more precise than B.
Multiple clues to eliminate B.
1. being...
2. the principle of

Note that you can easily frame a correct sentence even if the second part is in simple past tense.
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Re: SC -- 1000 series-- court rule [#permalink]

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13 Jun 2009, 23:55
ugimba wrote:
101. Although the Supreme Court ruled as long ago as 1880 that Blacks could not be excluded outright from jury service, nearly a century of case-by-case adjudication has been necessary to develop and enforce the principle that all juries must be drawn from “a fair cross section of the community.”
(A) has been necessary to develop and enforce the principle that all juries must be
(B) was necessary for developing and enforcing the principle of all juries being
(C) was to be necessary in developing and enforcing the principle of all juries to be
(D) is necessary to develop and enforce the principle that all juries must be
(E) will be necessary for developing and enforcing the principle of all juries being

In B being almost always wrong in Gmat SC, so it is out
In C was to be....to be awkward
In E will be ...being
Between A and D, I choose A because of the phrase "nearly a century of case-by-case adjudication" needs a present perfect tense
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Re: SC -- 1000 series-- court rule [#permalink]

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14 Jun 2009, 04:01
ugimba wrote:
101. Although the Supreme Court ruled as long ago as 1880 that Blacks could not be excluded outright from jury service, nearly a century of case-by-case adjudication has been necessary to develop and enforce the principle that all juries must be drawn from “a fair cross section of the community.”
(A) has been necessary to develop and enforce the principle that all juries must be
(B) was necessary for developing and enforcing the principle of all juries being
(C) was to be necessary in developing and enforcing the principle of all juries to be
(D) is necessary to develop and enforce the principle that all juries must be
(E) will be necessary for developing and enforcing the principle of all juries being

please explain .... I chose D but that is not the answer ....

I have eliminated B,E since usage of being . I have eliminated D due to usage of ''is'' . But why C is wrong ? Can somebody explain?
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Re: SC -- 1000 series-- court rule [#permalink]

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27 Jul 2010, 20:55
Very close between A and B. B has being so that eliminates the choice. So has to be A
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Re: SC -- 1000 series-- court rule [#permalink]

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28 Jul 2010, 21:59
A for me,, continous tense required in the sentence
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Re: SC -- 1000 series-- court rule [#permalink]

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08 Aug 2011, 03:14
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I read a excellent explanation fr this question by someone on 1000 sc forum:

Analysis:
Verb Tense
- has been
- was
- was to be
- is necessary
- will be

It starts in the past and now in the present - Present Perfect Tense

Parallelism
- to develop and enforce
- for developing and enforcing
- in developing and enforcing
- to develop and enforce
- for developing and enforcing

Also, Subordinate clause
that Blacks could not be excluded outright from jury service

main clause
- that all juries must be
- of all juries being
- of all juries to be
- that all juries must be
- of all juries being

Idioms
- necessary for
- necessary to

B - out past tense, of juries being
C - out past tense, of all juries to be
E - out future tense, of all juries being

Between A and D
tense: has been vs. is
parallelism: both correct
Main vs. Subordinate: both correct
Idiom: necessary to both correct

A - past to present
D - present

A - Correct
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Re: SC -- 1000 series-- court rule [#permalink]

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09 Aug 2011, 03:26
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was confused b/w A and D,eventually chose D ..i keep commiting errors when it comes to VebTense
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Re: SC -- 1000 series-- court rule [#permalink]

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30 Dec 2011, 21:56
LifeChanger wrote:
was confused b/w A and D,eventually chose D ..i keep commiting errors when it comes to VebTense

Hope you would get better at tenses now.
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Re: Although the Supreme Court ruled as long ago as 1880 that [#permalink]

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19 Jun 2013, 04:25
ugimba wrote:
101. Although the Supreme Court ruled as long ago as 1880 that Blacks could not be excluded outright from jury service, nearly a century of case-by-case adjudication has been necessary to develop and enforce the principle that all juries must be drawn from “a fair cross section of the community.”
(A) has been necessary to develop and enforce the principle that all juries must be
(B) was necessary for developing and enforcing the principle of all juries being
(C) was to be necessary in developing and enforcing the principle of all juries to be
(D) is necessary to develop and enforce the principle that all juries must be
(E) will be necessary for developing and enforcing the principle of all juries being

please explain .... I chose D but that is not the answer ....

1880 then a century- around 1980.. shouldn't this be in past tense? B or C
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Re: Although the Supreme Court ruled as long ago as 1880 that [#permalink]

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19 Jun 2013, 08:48
ugimba wrote:
101. Although the Supreme Court ruled as long ago as 1880 that Blacks could not be excluded outright from jury service, nearly a century of case-by-case adjudication has been necessary to develop and enforce the principle that all juries must be drawn from “a fair cross section of the community.”
(A) has been necessary to develop and enforce the principle that all juries must be
(B) was necessary for developing and enforcing the principle of all juries being
(C) was to be necessary in developing and enforcing the principle of all juries to be
(D) is necessary to develop and enforce the principle that all juries must be
(E) will be necessary for developing and enforcing the principle of all juries being

please explain .... I chose D but that is not the answer ....

The first issue is Verb tense. our choices are present perfect, past, present and future.

The action in this sentence occured over a period of time. The tense used for this is present perfect - therefore A is the correct answer.
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Re: Although the Supreme Court ruled as long ago as 1880 that [#permalink]

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24 Jun 2013, 10:55
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I don't like this question because the action DIDN'T occur over a particular time!

It only occured once!!

Nearly a century (subject) was needed (predicate) to ......

It's not as if a century was needed in 1880, and another century was needed in 1979... we only needed the century once, in 1880. In 1881, we needed 99 years... 98 years after that, then 97... etc etc.

The actions that occur WITHIN that century, however, such as "to develop" and "to enforce" are ongoing.

B is wrong for idiomatic reasons, but the others are wrong grammatically.. so I picked B.

What is the source of this question?
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Re: Although the Supreme Court ruled as long ago as 1880 that [#permalink]

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16 Jul 2013, 01:42
I think the problem lie in “principle that” and “principle of”
“principle that” should be followed by the detail information of the principle(a complete setence)

So, I can elimilate B C E,
A&D left

choose A because we need a complete form
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Re: Although the Supreme Court ruled as long ago as 1880 that [#permalink]

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04 Jul 2014, 20:25
I heard with subjunctives (or some people call it as thinking verb e.g. order, principle etc) we must have thinking verb + that + simple form of verb. So in this case why we have "must be" with principle that?
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Re: Although the Supreme Court ruled as long ago as 1880 that [#permalink]

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05 May 2016, 17:49
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