Although the Supreme Court ruled as long ago as 1880 that : GMAT Sentence Correction (SC)
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# Although the Supreme Court ruled as long ago as 1880 that

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Although the Supreme Court ruled as long ago as 1880 that [#permalink]

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16 Jul 2009, 18:48
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101. Although the Supreme Court ruled as long ago as 1880 that Blacks could not be excluded outright from jury service, nearly a century of case-by-case adjudication has been necessary to develop and enforce the principle that all juries must be drawn from “a fair cross section of the community.”
(A) has been necessary to develop and enforce the principle that all juries must be
(B) was necessary for developing and enforcing the principle of all juries being
(C) was to be necessary in developing and enforcing the principle of all juries to be
(D) is necessary to develop and enforce the principle that all juries must be
(E) will be necessary for developing and enforcing the principle of all juries being
I think for developing and in developing is correct use??
I am unable to understand the use of tenses.Although supreme court ruled long ago then was must be used in the sentence instead of has or is???
Plz help in clarifying the answer from tenses point of view.
If you have any questions
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17 Jul 2009, 04:07
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has been is used when an event which started in the past continues in the present.

B looks like the correct ans.What is the OA?
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17 Jul 2009, 05:46
I went for A

I found this : sc-1000-series-court-rule-76064.html
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02 Aug 2009, 02:14
A.

"has been" is required to indicate that "to develop and enforce the principle" started in the past and still continue today.
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23 Dec 2010, 08:48
yea B is deceiving though.. tough one..
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01 Mar 2011, 06:58
The action clearly started in the past. However, it continued into present.
Hence, A for me too.
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01 Mar 2011, 09:05
even A is wrong. enforce + must redundant. The source must be unofficial.

WarriorAjay wrote:
The action clearly started in the past. However, it continued into present.
Hence, A for me too.
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02 Mar 2011, 06:44
I marked B but feel even that is wrong

B has 'enforcing the principle of all juries ' - we need that as in D.

As for tense, I guess simple past is correct
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04 Mar 2011, 04:58
I go for A.

A: the tense used "past perfect" in the sentence best describes the action (develop and enforce), which has started in the past and still continues to the present.

B: 1st: the simple past tense used is wrong 2nd: necessary for is not idiomatic, rather necessary + infinitive "to" should be used. 3rd: the word "being" is not preferred in GMAT.

C: wrong tense used, and "was to be necessary" awkward and unidiomatic

D: wrong tense used

E: wrong tense used

So why past perfect? the indicator is the "a century of" and the time indicated before that.

Or POE method:
And it is definitely not logical to use either "present" or "future" tense. So D, E are out.

Then, B & C are out because of the unidiomatic use as I mentioned before.

SO A
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Re: Although the Supreme Court ruled as long ago as 1880 that [#permalink]

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18 Aug 2014, 04:24
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

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Re: Although the Supreme Court ruled as long ago as 1880 that [#permalink]

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11 Oct 2016, 18:47
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

Want to see all other topics I dig out? Follow me (click follow button on profile). You will receive a summary of all topics I bump in your profile area as well as via email.
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Re: Although the Supreme Court ruled as long ago as 1880 that [#permalink]

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12 Oct 2016, 04:32
Maulikgmat wrote:
101. Although the Supreme Court ruled as long ago as 1880 that Blacks could not be excluded outright from jury service, nearly a century of case-by-case adjudication has been necessary to develop and enforce the principle that all juries must be drawn from “a fair cross section of the community.”
(A) has been necessary to develop and enforce the principle that all juries must be
(B) was necessary for developing and enforcing the principle of all juries being
(C) was to be necessary in developing and enforcing the principle of all juries to be
(D) is necessary to develop and enforce the principle that all juries must be
(E) will be necessary for developing and enforcing the principle of all juries being
I think for developing and in developing is correct use??
I am unable to understand the use of tenses.Although supreme court ruled long ago then was must be used in the sentence instead of has or is???
Plz help in clarifying the answer from tenses point of view.

Went for A) as well.

(A) has been necessary to develop and enforce the principle that all juries must be

Wouldn't we need a "to" in front of enforce to make the fragment parallel, as "and" functions as a parallelism marker?

Still went for A), because the sentence effects the present and therefore present perfect is needed.
Re: Although the Supreme Court ruled as long ago as 1880 that   [#permalink] 12 Oct 2016, 04:32
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