Among lower- paid workers, union members are less likely : GMAT Sentence Correction (SC)
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# Among lower- paid workers, union members are less likely

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Among lower- paid workers, union members are less likely [#permalink]

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06 Sep 2009, 08:55
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Among lower- paid workers, union members are less likely than non union members to be enrolled in lower- end insurance plans imposing stricter limits on medical services and requiring doctors to see more patients, and spend less time with each.

(A) imposing stricter limits on medical services and requiring doctors to see more patients, and spend
(B) imposing stricter limits on medical services , requiring doctors to see more patients, and spending
(C) that impose stricter limits on medical services, require doctors to see more patients, and spend
(D) that impose stricter limits on medical services and require doctors to see more patients, spending
(E) that impose stricter limits on medical services, requiring doctors to see more patients and spending

I choose "C" but it is incorrect please explain the correct answer
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Among lower- paid workers, union members are less likely [#permalink]

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06 Sep 2009, 09:06
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Hi,
here 'that impose' is better than 'imposing' as 'that' relates to the word immediately preceding it
therefore A and B are out....

now there are 3 activities

a)impose stricter limits on medical services
b) require doctors to see more patients, and
c)spend less time with each.
in these a and b are independent and c is dependent on b....

C makes all a ,b ,c independent...... E makes b and c dependent on a..
only D makes a and b independent and c dependent on b.. therefore D is the ans...
hope i have been of some help..

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07 Sep 2009, 03:12
I would go with A.

It is parallel - 'enrolled and Spend' , 'imposing and requiring'
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07 Sep 2009, 09:03
IMO E
that impose... subordinate clause, requiring...and...spending parallel
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07 Sep 2009, 11:03
IMO E

to be enrolled in lower- end insurance plans THAT impose stricter limits on medical services, requiring doctors to see more patients and spending less time with each.

THAT refers to lower-end insurance plans
pariticiple phrase - requiring.....and spending...... modifies the verb phrase impose stricter limits.
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30 Sep 2009, 23:21
will go with D
this is a debatable Q
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04 Oct 2009, 16:08
Good question. D is not debatable OA.
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06 Oct 2009, 10:20
Option D is wrong. See the above link for the correct one.
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24 Sep 2010, 04:43
sreehari1250 wrote:
Among lower- paid workers, union members are less likely than non union members to be enrolled in lower- end insurance plans imposing stricter limits on medical services and requiring doctors to see more patients, and spend less time with each.

(A) imposing stricter limits on medical services and requiring doctors to see more patients, and spend
(B) imposing stricter limits on medical services , requiring doctors to see more patients, and spending
(C) that impose stricter limits on medical services, require doctors to see more patients, and spend
(D) that impose stricter limits on medical services and require doctors to see more patients, spending
(E) that impose stricter limits on medical services, requiring doctors to see more patients and spending

I choose "C" but it is incorrect please explain the correct answer

OA is D?

that impose stricter limits on medical services and (that) require doctors to see more patients, spending (less time with each.)

impose and require are parallel, but what's the subject of spending? It could be better to write see more patients while spending less time with each.

I picked A:
imposing...and requiring
to see... and spend
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24 Sep 2010, 07:42
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(A) imposing stricter limits on medical services and requiring doctors to see more patients, and spend
(B) imposing stricter limits on medical services , requiring doctors to see more patients, and spending
(C) that impose stricter limits on medical services, require doctors to see more patients, and spend
(D) that impose stricter limits on medical services and require doctors to see more patients, spending
(E) that impose stricter limits on medical services, requiring doctors to see more patients and spending

Spending less time with each is a modifying clause that modifies doctors.
If we use and spend/spending above meaning is lost, and the sentence assumes the below form:-
1.Investment plans impose stricter limits on medical services
2.Investment plans require doctors to see more patients
3.Investment plans spend less time with each. completely nonsensical.
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24 Sep 2010, 10:02

low-paid-workers-78730-20.html
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24 Sep 2010, 10:21
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Among lower- paid workers, union members are less likely than non union members to be enrolled in lower- end insurance plans imposing stricter limits on medical services and requiring doctors to see more patients, and spend less time with each.

(A) imposing stricter limits on medical services and requiring doctors to see more patients, and spend
(B) imposing stricter limits on medical services , requiring doctors to see more patients, and spending
(C) that impose stricter limits on medical services, require doctors to see more patients, and spend
(D) that impose stricter limits on medical services and require doctors to see more patients, spending
(E) that impose stricter limits on medical services, requiring doctors to see more patients and spending

This question is on higher side of difficulty i believe.
Took a lot of time around 4 minutes.
plans impose so we need that instead of ing form.A and B are out.
impose and require are parallel.E is out.
between C and D ,D is better because cause and effect relationship is perfect in D i.e require doctors to see more patients , spending less time with each.

Kindly share any other way of attempting this question.
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24 Sep 2010, 10:25
Among lower- paid workers, union members are less likely than non union members to be enrolled in lower- end insurance plans imposing stricter limits on medical services and requiring doctors to see more patients, and spend less time with each.

Separate out the choice in two groups - imposing and that impose. straight away "imposing" is out. We are left with C, D & E

Not parallel. ... insurance plans that - impose ........, require ......., and spend - impose this, require that and spend (C) that impose stricter limits on medical services, require doctors to see more patients, and spend

insurance plans are only doing two things - impose stricter limits and require docs to see more patients (D) that impose stricter limits on medical services and require doctors to see more patients, spending

Requiring and spending might look parallel at first look, but look again. Stricter limits are requiring docs to see more patients (good). Stricter limits are spending less time with each (incorrect) (E) that impose stricter limits on medical services, requiring doctors to see more patients and spending
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24 Sep 2010, 16:15
Wrong use of "imposing", the use of "that" is need to add a clause to the sentence. Eliminate
(A) imposing stricter limits on medical services and requiring doctors to see more patients, and spend
(B) imposing stricter limits on medical services , requiring doctors to see more patients, and spending

Note that "impose" and "require" should be parallel because that's what the insurance plan is doing. Eliminate:
(E) that impose stricter limits on medical services, requiring doctors to see more patients and spending

Doctors spending less time with each patient is a modifying phrase to the requirement to see more of them. "Spending" should be use. Eliminate
(C) that impose stricter limits on medical services, require doctors to see more patients, and spend

Ans D

(D) that impose stricter limits on medical services and require doctors to see more patients, spending
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24 Sep 2010, 21:03
gsothee wrote:
(A) imposing stricter limits on medical services and requiring doctors to see more patients, and spend
(B) imposing stricter limits on medical services , requiring doctors to see more patients, and spending
(C) that impose stricter limits on medical services, require doctors to see more patients, and spend
(D) that impose stricter limits on medical services and require doctors to see more patients, spending
(E) that impose stricter limits on medical services, requiring doctors to see more patients and spending

Spending less time with each is a modifying clause that modifies doctors.
If we use and spend/spending above meaning is lost, and the sentence assumes the below form:-
1.Investment plans impose stricter limits on medical services
2.Investment plans require doctors to see more patients
3.Investment plans spend less time with each. completely nonsensical.

then how about requiring doctors to see more patients, and to spend...?

I think see more and spend are parallel.
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24 Sep 2010, 23:41
sreehari1250 wrote:
Among lower- paid workers, union members are less likely than non union members to be enrolled in lower- end insurance plans imposing stricter limits on medical services and requiring doctors to see more patients, and spend less time with each.

(A) imposing stricter limits on medical services and requiring doctors to see more patients, and spend
(B) imposing stricter limits on medical services , requiring doctors to see more patients, and spending
(C) that impose stricter limits on medical services, require doctors to see more patients, and spend
(D) that impose stricter limits on medical services and require doctors to see more patients, spending
(E) that impose stricter limits on medical services, requiring doctors to see more patients and spending

I choose "C" but it is incorrect please explain the correct answer

I think D should be the right one here. If You had selected D, one can split the sentence as below
Among lower- paid workers, union members are less likely than non union members to be enrolled in lower- end insurance plans that impose stricter limits on medical services and require doctors to see more patients, spending less time with each.

I think spending less time with each was used to refer the Non Union workers as a differentiation factor with union workers. Doctors spending less time with each patient isn't relevant in this context of Union workers and Non Union workers and hence shouldn't be the case
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25 Sep 2010, 02:56
sreehari1250 wrote:
Among lower- paid workers, union members are less likely than non union members to be enrolled in lower- end insurance plans imposing stricter limits on medical services and requiring doctors to see more patients, and spend less time with each.

(A) imposing stricter limits on medical services and requiring doctors to see more patients, and spend
(B) imposing stricter limits on medical services , requiring doctors to see more patients, and spending
(C) that impose stricter limits on medical services, require doctors to see more patients, and spend
(D) that impose stricter limits on medical services and require doctors to see more patients, spending
(E) that impose stricter limits on medical services, requiring doctors to see more patients and spending

I choose "C" but it is incorrect please explain the correct answer

IMO E
anyone know the source of the question?
it all depends on the meaning, which can only be extracted from the context (ie in what way is the sentence used....)

i find the context problem an issue with a lot of the harder SC gmat questions....ie the way you interpret the question affects your answer....specifically: -

A B eliminate coz we need that
C eliminate because if parallel, the insurance plans spend time on patinets which is not logical
for D and E the context issue comes up....
IMO E is more logical because the insurance plans impose limits and the results (ie -ING) are requiring and spending.....
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26 Sep 2010, 13:46
Ok, lets compare choices D and E.

lower- end insurance plans that impose stricter limits on medical services and require doctors to see more patients, spending less time with each.
or
lower- end insurance plans that impose stricter limits on medical services, requiring doctors to see more patients and spending less time with each.

How do you decide whether the participial modifier in E modifies "insurance plans" (i.e. illogical conclusion that insurance plans are spending less time) but D does not do so.
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26 Sep 2010, 17:10
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Ok, lets compare choices D and E.

lower- end insurance plans that impose stricter limits on medical services and require doctors to see more patients, spending less time with each.
or
lower- end insurance plans that impose stricter limits on medical services, requiring doctors to see more patients and spending less time with each.

How do you decide whether the participial modifier in E modifies "insurance plans" (i.e. illogical conclusion that insurance plans are spending less time) but D does not do so.

because in D the "spending less time with each" can be a result of the "require doctors to see more patients" ie the doctors are the ones who spend less time with each pationes since they are the ones next to the "spe4nding less time" clause.....
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26 Sep 2010, 21:23
I selected C, but can now see why it's D.

X are more likely than Y to be enrolled in lower-end insurance plans THAT impose A and require B, (which leads to) spending...

If you say C:
X are more likely than Y to be enrolled in lower-end insurance plans THAT impose A, require B, AND spend less time...

The point is the restraints of the lower-end insurance lead to less time spent with patients, it's not an AND scenario.
Re: Low- paid workers   [#permalink] 26 Sep 2010, 21:23

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