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Among lower-paid workers, union members are less likely than

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Among lower-paid workers, union members are less likely than [#permalink] New post 21 May 2009, 04:48
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A
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Question Stats:

45% (01:43) correct 55% (00:51) wrong based on 993 sessions
Among lower-paid workers, union members are less likely than nonunion members to be enrolled in lower-end insurance plans imposing stricter limits on medical services and requiring doctors to see more patients, and spend less time with each.
(A) imposing stricter limits on medical services and requiring doctors to see more patients, and spend
(B) imposing stricter limits on medical services, requiring doctors to see more patients, and spending
(C) that impose stricter limits on medical services, require doctors to see more patients, and spend
(D) that impose stricter limits on medical services and require doctors to see more patients, spending
(E) that impose stricter limits on medical services, requiring doctors to see more patients and spending
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Last edited by mau5 on 30 Jul 2013, 09:51, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: low paid workers [#permalink] New post 28 Sep 2011, 23:09
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The question is whether this sentence flaunts two equal elements or three elements in the second part. If there are three, all the three should be equated and the use of a co-ordinate conjunction is proper. However, if there are only two functions and if the other function is indeed part of the second function, then conjugating with a coordinated conjunction and is wrong. The third factor entails a sub position or a modifying role using a participle.

In the given case, there is Plans imposing or that impose 1. Stricter limits and 2. (that) require doctors to see more patients. These are the only two stipulations that the plans impose. The act of spending is a corollary of seeing more patients, meaning that the doctors have to see more patients by spending less time with each patient. Therefore, all choices that use the ordinate conjunction and to conjugate spend or spending as if it is an independent function are wrong.

As per this norm, only D survives and is the right answer.

Plans imposing or plans that impose?. Note that there is no comma before imposing. Hence imposing is a straight-ahead, essential modification of plans and is acceptable. However, plans tht impose is more direct than imposing and hence preferable.

Overall, we can see how meaning is gaining predominance over other things. Given the newfound importance to meaning, this topic promises to be a good pitch.
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Re: low paid workers [#permalink] New post 29 Sep 2011, 04:19
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OA is D.

here's the explanation by ron.
you have to realize which verbs are supposed to be parallel and which aren't. there's no grammatical formula for this; you have to examine the meaning of the sentence to figure it out.
- 'impose' (in whatever form) should be parallel to 'require' (again, in whatever form). these are two different things, both of which are aspects of the plan (= logical parallelism).
- 'spend' should not be parallel to 'see', because it functions as a modifier of 'see' (it's a descriptive adverb modifier, detailing the way in which the doctors see the patients).
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Re: low paid workers [#permalink] New post 18 Aug 2009, 02:21
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tenaman10 wrote:
Among lower-paid workers, union members are less likely than nonunion members to be enrolled in lower-end insurance plans imposing stricter limits on medical services and requiring doctors to see more patients, and spend less time with each.
(A) imposing stricter limits on medical services and requiring doctors to see more patients, and spend
(B) imposing stricter limits on medical services, requiring doctors to see more patients, and spending
(C) that impose stricter limits on medical services, require doctors to see more patients, and spend
(D) that impose stricter limits on medical services and require doctors to see more patients, spending
(E) that impose stricter limits on medical services, requiring doctors to see more patients and spending


Low-end Insurance plans only impose stricter limits, however it cannot command doctor to see more patients or less. All the above tells the same except for E, which says that due to stricter limits and not due to low end insurance plans, doctors have to see more patients Similarly, it is not Insurance plans that spend less time, but its the doctor who spends less time.

Hence, IMO E.
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Re: low paid workers [#permalink] New post 18 Oct 2009, 18:16
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tejal777 wrote:
Could somebody please explain why exactly is A akward??Stuck between A and D:(

I think it is a classic case of "command subjunctive". Impose and Require are BOSSY words, which always require word "that" in the sentence. A is wrong as it lacks the word "that". :)

Also the use of -ing participle "imposing" wrongly suggests that union/nonunion members are imposing the stricter norms than the insurance plans. One more reason to strike out A.

Please correct me if I am wrong.
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Re: low paid workers [#permalink] New post 03 Jul 2009, 23:03
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I would go with option D

A and B are clearly rejected, we are left with C, D and E.
the second part of the sentence gives 2 the features of the insurance plan:
- Imposing stricter limits on medical services
- require doctors to see more patients.
because seeing more patients in less time indicates spending less time with each, we don't need to separate the two by 'and' because they invariably mean the same.
So, the 2 features are separated by 'and' and the following by a comma.

Among lower-paid workers, union members are less likely than nonunion members to be enrolled in lower-end insurance plans that impose stricter limits on medical services and require doctors to see more patients, spending less time with each.
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Re: low paid workers [#permalink] New post 04 Jan 2010, 08:54
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Option C - Incorrect...lower-end insurance plans that impose..., require.... and spend....you see insurance plans do not spend less time ...so this is an incorrect modification.

Option D - Best IMHO

Option E - Incorrect because....lower-end insurance plans that impose stricter limits on medical services, requiring doctors to see more patients and spend ('spending' is incorrect)... less time with ...

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Re: low paid workers [#permalink] New post 04 Jan 2010, 11:44
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in10sity wrote:
Option C - Incorrect...lower-end insurance plans that impose..., require.... and spend....you see insurance plans do not spend less time ...so this is an incorrect modification.

Option D - Best IMHO

Option E - Incorrect because....lower-end insurance plans that impose stricter limits on medical services, requiring doctors to see more patients and spend ('spending' is incorrect)... less time with ...

Cheers,


agree with in10sity.


D is the least wrong option
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Re: low paid workers [#permalink] New post 21 May 2009, 05:49
tenaman10 wrote:
Among lower-paid workers, union members are less likely than nonunion members to be enrolled in lower-end insurance plans imposing stricter limits on medical services and requiring doctors to see more patients, and spend less time with each.
(A) imposing stricter limits on medical services and requiring doctors to see more patients, and spend
(B) imposing stricter limits on medical services, requiring doctors to see more patients, and spending
(C) that impose stricter limits on medical services, require doctors to see more patients, and spend
(D) that impose stricter limits on medical services and require doctors to see more patients, spending
(E) that impose stricter limits on medical services, requiring doctors to see more patients and spending


need a 'that' here so C, D, and E are left.
I think E wins.

IMO E.
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Re: low paid workers [#permalink] New post 21 May 2009, 15:41
I will go with C , i think all the activities are equal - impose, require and spend.
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Re: low paid workers [#permalink] New post 21 May 2009, 18:12
IMO E

Superficial Parallelism in play.
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Re: low paid workers [#permalink] New post 21 May 2009, 18:59
(C) is my choice , can some one please explain why it is not if you think other wise?
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Re: low paid workers [#permalink] New post 22 May 2009, 03:41
at time we focus too much in fixing errors and lose sense of overall sentence ..pls rethink ..
ichha148 wrote:
I will go with C , i think all the activities are equal - impose, require and spend.

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Re: low paid workers [#permalink] New post 22 May 2009, 03:43
give thought to placement of "and" again
ugimba wrote:
tenaman10 wrote:
Among lower-paid workers, union members are less likely than nonunion members to be enrolled in lower-end insurance plans imposing stricter limits on medical services and requiring doctors to see more patients, and spend less time with each.
(A) imposing stricter limits on medical services and requiring doctors to see more patients, and spend
(B) imposing stricter limits on medical services, requiring doctors to see more patients, and spending
(C) that impose stricter limits on medical services, require doctors to see more patients, and spend
(D) that impose stricter limits on medical services and require doctors to see more patients, spending
(E) that impose stricter limits on medical services, requiring doctors to see more patients and spending


need a 'that' here so C, D, and E are left.
I think E wins.

IMO E.

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Re: low paid workers [#permalink] New post 22 May 2009, 05:12
ManU24 wrote:
(C) is my choice , can some one please explain why it is not if you think other wise?


If we choose option C, then we are assuming that there are three different activities. Whereas, option E says, there is one activity that encompasses two other activities.
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Re: low paid workers [#permalink] New post 23 May 2009, 18:55
C.

I appreciate that you are paralleling three items. I think that's fine.

Is OA E?
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low paid workers [#permalink] New post 03 Jul 2009, 21:38
Can someone explain whats the correct usage?

OA according to the Brutal SC post is D. which I feel is wrong?

Does anyone has a better explanation ??
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Re: low paid workers [#permalink] New post 04 Jul 2009, 00:10
D for me.

spending is modifying the doctor.
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Re: low paid workers [#permalink] New post 04 Jul 2009, 01:12
Agree with explanations for D, ...require doctors to see more patients, therefore spending less time with each.
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Re: low paid workers [#permalink] New post 17 Aug 2009, 10:42
i m sure ..if it were there in the exam... i would have done wrong... :cry:
Re: low paid workers   [#permalink] 17 Aug 2009, 10:42
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