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An independent audit found no indication of tax avoidance on

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Director
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An independent audit found no indication of tax avoidance on [#permalink] New post 20 Nov 2007, 08:48
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A
B
C
D
E

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An independent audit found no indication of tax avoidance on the part of the firm in the firm’s accounts, therefore no such problem exists.

The questionable reasoning in the argument above is most closely paralleled by that in which one of the following?

(A) The plan for the introduction of the new product has been unmodified so far; therefore, it will not be modified in the future.
(B) The overall budget for the projects has been exceeded by a large amount; therefore, at least one of the projects has exceeded its budget by large amount.
(C) A compilation of the best student essays of the year includes no essays on current events; therefore, students have become apathetic toward current events.
(D) A survey of schools in the district found no school without a need for building repair; therefore, the education provided to students in this district is substandard.
(E) An examination of the index of the book found no listing for the most prominent critic of the theory the book advocates; therefore, the book fails to refer to that critic.

Please explain your answers.
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 [#permalink] New post 20 Nov 2007, 10:17
My answer E.

If X did not happen , then Y did not happen.

X = no indication of tax avoidance on the part of the firm in the firm’s accounts

Y = therefore no such problem exists.

For choice E,

X = An examination of the index of the book found no listing for the most prominent critic of the theory the book advocates

Y = therefore, the book fails to refer to that critic.

In choice A, it is predicting the future.

B, C, and E goes beyond what could be found in the argument.
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 [#permalink] New post 20 Nov 2007, 11:03
What is wrong with (C)? Both (C) and (E) are close.
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Re: CR: Independent Audit [#permalink] New post 20 Nov 2007, 11:09
eyunni wrote:
An independent audit found no indication of tax avoidance on the part of the firm in the firm’s accounts, therefore no such problem exists.

The questionable reasoning in the argument above is most closely paralleled by that in which one of the following?

(A) The plan for the introduction of the new product has been unmodified so far; therefore, it will not be modified in the future.
(B) The overall budget for the projects has been exceeded by a large amount; therefore, at least one of the projects has exceeded its budget by large amount.
(C) A compilation of the best student essays of the year includes no essays on current events; therefore, students have become apathetic toward current events.
(D) A survey of schools in the district found no school without a need for building repair; therefore, the education provided to students in this district is substandard.
(E) An examination of the index of the book found no listing for the most prominent critic of the theory the book advocates; therefore, the book fails to refer to that critic.

Please explain your answers.


The way I see it -- the flaw in the reasoning of the original statement is : The firm could have altered the accounts. The independent audit could have overlooked something.

E comes closest -- The index of the book could have made a mistake (equivalent to altered accounts) and the examination itself could have been faulty (equivalent to the audit)
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 [#permalink] New post 20 Nov 2007, 11:11
eyunni wrote:
What is wrong with (C)? Both (C) and (E) are close.

The problem with C is that the compilation includes essays of best students but the generalization is about students and not best students.
SO the essays that were reviewed were not all-inclusive.

I think this gap in reasoning is different from the one in the original statement
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 [#permalink] New post 20 Nov 2007, 11:48
one more for E....
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 [#permalink] New post 20 Nov 2007, 11:51
finder_003 wrote:
eyunni wrote:
What is wrong with (C)? Both (C) and (E) are close.

The problem with C is that the compilation includes essays of best students but the generalization is about students and not best students.
SO the essays that were reviewed were not all-inclusive.

I think this gap in reasoning is different from the one in the original statement


oh..should have read the choice carefully. Thanks.

OA is (E).
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Re: CR: Independent Audit [#permalink] New post 20 Nov 2007, 16:00
eyunni wrote:
An independent audit found no indication of tax avoidance on the part of the firm in the firm’s accounts, therefore no such problem exists.

The questionable reasoning in the argument above is most closely paralleled by that in which one of the following?

(A) The plan for the introduction of the new product has been unmodified so far; therefore, it will not be modified in the future.
(B) The overall budget for the projects has been exceeded by a large amount; therefore, at least one of the projects has exceeded its budget by large amount.
(C) A compilation of the best student essays of the year includes no essays on current events; therefore, students have become apathetic toward current events.
(D) A survey of schools in the district found no school without a need for building repair; therefore, the education provided to students in this district is substandard.
(E) An examination of the index of the book found no listing for the most prominent critic of the theory the book advocates; therefore, the book fails to refer to that critic.

Please explain your answers.

A: nothing about future events in the first argument
B: IF anything this is the next best choice in my opinion, but its still way off.
C: this is way off. Students have become apathetic... not close to the original.
D: again way off as C is.

E: best. Since A is not in B, therefore B does not refer to A. Very similar to the original argument.
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Re: CR: Independent Audit [#permalink] New post 20 Nov 2007, 19:16
E was the closest and my choice
Re: CR: Independent Audit   [#permalink] 20 Nov 2007, 19:16
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