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An proportion of women work/works????

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An proportion of women work/works???? [#permalink]

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New post 01 Apr 2008, 17:03
In Hungary, as in much of Eastern Europe, an overwhelming proportion of women work,
many of which are in
middle management and light industry.
A. as in much of Eastern Europe, an overwhelming proportion of women work,
many of which are in
B. as with much of Eastern Europe, an overwhelming proportion of women works,
many in
C. as in much of Eastern Europe, an overwhelming proportion of women work,
many of them in
21
D. like much of Eastern Europe, an overwhelming proportion of women works, and
many are
E. like much of Eastern Europe, an overwhelming proportion of women work, many are in

Please explain your answer. :?:
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Re: An proportion of women work/works???? [#permalink]

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New post 01 Apr 2008, 17:33
First of all the 3 options are using "as" and remaining 2 are using "like". We need to determine which one of these is correct.
"As" is used as an adverb while serving as a preposition with the meaning of "in the capacity of". It should be used before a clause, adverb or prepositional phrase. This is exactly what we need here.
"Like" is used before a noun or pronoun, so does not suits here.
Now we are left with A, B, and C.

"As in" is correct usage than "As with".

So we are left with A, and C.

If you look carefully A is ending in "many of which are in" while C is ending in "many of them in". Obviously C is ending correctly.

Answer C.
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Re: An proportion of women work/works???? [#permalink]

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New post 01 Apr 2008, 18:58
Hmm...i would choose A. Actually, now that I think about it and seeing that answer, I will choose C as well.
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Re: An proportion of women work/works???? [#permalink]

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New post 01 Apr 2008, 20:25
abhijit_sen wrote:
First of all the 3 options are using "as" and remaining 2 are using "like". We need to determine which one of these is correct.
"As" is used as an adverb while serving as a preposition with the meaning of "in the capacity of". It should be used before a clause, adverb or prepositional phrase. This is exactly what we need here.
"Like" is used before a noun or pronoun, so does not suits here.

Answer C.

Tks for the great explaination! Actually I was confused with the use of "like" and "as" here. OA is C
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Re: An proportion of women work/works???? [#permalink]

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New post 01 Apr 2008, 20:26
abhijit_sen wrote:
First of all the 3 options are using "as" and remaining 2 are using "like". We need to determine which one of these is correct.
"As" is used as an adverb while serving as a preposition with the meaning of "in the capacity of". It should be used before a clause, adverb or prepositional phrase. This is exactly what we need here.
"Like" is used before a noun or pronoun, so does not suits here.
Now we are left with A, B, and C.

"As in" is correct usage than "As with".

So we are left with A, and C.

If you look carefully A is ending in "many of which are in" while C is ending in "many of them in". Obviously C is ending correctly.

Answer C.


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New post 01 Apr 2008, 20:57
One more point that I missed, "women work" vs "women works". Since women is plural so correct is "women work" that also helps in eliminating 2 choices.
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New post 01 Apr 2008, 21:04
One more C.

Good explanation Abhijit. I get good number of SC right but cant speak the grammar language. (english second language)

Is there any quick refresher compilation on these , like a word doc or something?
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New post 01 Apr 2008, 21:24
abhijit_sen wrote:
One more point that I missed, "women work" vs "women works". Since women is plural so correct is "women work" that also helps in eliminating 2 choices.


This one is important, too.

I remembered that for "ratio" and "proportion", V always agrees with the main Subject.
In this sentence: "a overwhelming proportion of women"--> "women" is the main Subjest--V should be "work".

Pls correct if I am wrong
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Re: An proportion of women work/works???? [#permalink]

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New post 04 Apr 2008, 08:38
In Hungary, as in much of Eastern Europe, an overwhelming proportion of women work,
many of which are in
middle management and light industry.
A. as in much of Eastern Europe, an overwhelming proportion of women work,
many of which are in
B. as with much of Eastern Europe, an overwhelming proportion of women works,
many in
C. as in much of Eastern Europe, an overwhelming proportion of women work,
many of them in
21
D. like much of Eastern Europe, an overwhelming proportion of women works, and
many are
E. like much of Eastern Europe, an overwhelming proportion of women work, many are in

Last but not least, Parallelism leaves you only with A & C (2-3 split)...
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An proportion of women work/works???? [#permalink]

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New post 21 May 2016, 15:58
This is one of those rare GMAT questions whose correct answer I happen to disagree with.

The noun here is "proportion," not "women," because "women" is preceded by a preposition ("of") and is thus an object, not a subject. "proportion (of women) works" = "it works" = correct. Thus, "works" should be the correct verb, not "work."

I will admit that Choice B is not a perfect choice either, because of the non-parallel structure of "in / with", but I would argue that this error is less eggregious than the verb tense error in the "correct" answer, Choice C.

In addition, the "of them" in choice C is unnecessary.

GMAC says C, but I say B.

So what's the take-away here? On the GMAT, if the subject refers to a ratio, proportion, percentage, or number, then you should conjugate the object of the ratio, proportion, percentage, or number.

I know that a number of people disagree with me that B is best choice, especially since it would sound weird if I were to write, "a number of people disagrees with me." However, that which is grammatically correct is not always that which sounds best. Choice C sounds best, but the Choice B follows the rules of grammar more strictly, at least with regard to verb conjugation.

Ultimately, on this test, it doesn't matter what's technically and/or grammatically correct--it matters what the GMAC thinks is best.

Last edited by mcelroytutoring on 22 May 2016, 12:11, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: An proportion of women work/works???? [#permalink]

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New post 21 May 2016, 20:50
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mcelroytutoring wrote:
This is one of those rare GMAT questions whose correct answer I happen to disagree with.

The noun here is "proportion," not "women," because "women" is preceded by a preposition ("of") and is thus an object, not a subject. "proportion (of women) works" = "it works" = correct. Thus, "works" should be the correct verb, not "work."

I will admit that Choice B is not a perfect choice either, because of the non-parallel structure of "in / with", but I would argue that this error is less eggregious than the verb tense error in the "correct" answer, Choice C.

In addition, the "of them" in choice C is unnecessary.

GMAC says C, but I say B.

So what's the take-away here? On the GMAT, if the subject refers to a ratio, proportion, percentage, or number, then you should conjugate the object of the ratio, proportion, percentage, or number.

I know that a number of people disagree with me that B is best choice, especially since it would sound weird if I were to write, "a number of people disagrees with me." However, that which is grammatically correct is not always that which sounds best. Choice C sounds best, but the Choice B follows the rules of grammar more strictly, at least with regard to the verb conjugation.

Ultimately, on this test, it doesn't matter what's technically and/or grammatically correct--it matters what the GMAC thinks is best.


Hi,

GMAC is correct in this Q too and PROPORTION acts in similar way as NUMBER..
proportion preceded by 'the' makes it singular AS THE is literally talking of the ratio/fraction-

The proportion of women working from home IS higher than that of men.

Whereas 'A proportion' talks of the NOUN itself and not fraction..
A higher proportion of women VOTE in elections nowadays.
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Re: An proportion of women work/works????   [#permalink] 21 May 2016, 20:50
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