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The y is positive in two quadrants - so \(P[y\geq0]=\frac{1}{2}\).

(I am deliberately ignoring here y=0, because theoretically the axes lie inbetween the quadrants, so 0 isn't part of any quadrant equally.)

So, when \(P[y\geq0=\frac{1}{2}]\), we need to figure out \(P[y>x]\).

Since there is infinite number of possibilities for positive values of x and y, I concluded that there's a 50% chance of picking (x, y) at random, such that \(y>x\).

(Here's another apparent leave-out: the possibility that \(x=y\). However, this is only one possibility among infinity, so as for me it's acceptable. Please correct me if I am wrong.)

This way we've got \(P[y\geq0]=\frac{1}{2}\) and \(P[y>x]=\frac{1}{2}\).

The y is positive in two quadrants - so \(P[y\geq0]=\frac{1}{2}\).

(I am deliberately ignoring here y=0, because theoretically the axes lie inbetween the quadrants, so 0 isn't part of any quadrant equally.)

So, when \(P[y\geq0=\frac{1}{2}]\), we need to figure out \(P[y>x]\).

Since there is infinite number of possibilities for positive values of x and y, I concluded that there's a 50% chance of picking (x, y) at random, such that \(y>x\).

(Here's another apparent leave-out: the possibility that \(x=y\). However, this is only one possibility among infinity, so as for me it's acceptable. Please correct me if I am wrong.)

This way we've got \(P[y\geq0]=\frac{1}{2}\) and \(P[y>x]=\frac{1}{2}\).

Re: An (x, y) coordinate pair is to be chosen at random from the [#permalink]

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09 Jun 2014, 07:05

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An (x, y) coordinate pair is to be chosen at random from the [#permalink]

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20 Dec 2014, 05:45

1

This post received KUDOS

What I did -->

We know that we have to choose a point such that Y is positive--> so while choosing any number from the number line..the probability of selecting a number >0 or <0 should be equal..So Prob of choosing a positive Y is 1/2. Say a coordinate x is chosen...Now,The probability of choosing any number that is <x or >x is again equal..so the Probability is again 1/2 for each case.

Now for P(y) such that both the conditions are met will be 1/2*1/2= 1/4.

Can any expert vouch for this way of solving such a question??
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An (x, y) coordinate pair is to be chosen at random from the [#permalink]

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04 Jan 2015, 02:10

JusTLucK04 wrote:

What I did -->

We know that we have to choose a point such that Y is positive--> so while choosing any number from the number line..the probability of selecting a number >0 or <0 should be equal..So Prob of choosing a positive Y is 1/2. Say a coordinate x is chosen...Now,The probability of choosing any number that is <x or >x is again equal..so the Probability is again 1/2 for each case.

Now for P(y) such that both the conditions are met will be 1/2*1/2= 1/4.

Can any expert vouch for this way of solving such a question??

Now for P(y) such that both the conditions are met will be 1/2*1/2= 1/4. this is simply wrong as you are reading P(y>=|x|) as P(y>|x| AND y=|x|) this should be 0. question is asking P(y>=|x|) which is P(y>|x| ) OR P(y=|x|) -> P(y>|x| ) + P(y=|x|)
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An (x, y) coordinate pair is to be chosen at random from the [#permalink]

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30 Jun 2015, 18:12

JusTLucK04 wrote:

What I did -->

We know that we have to choose a point such that Y is positive--> so while choosing any number from the number line..the probability of selecting a number >0 or <0 should be equal..So Prob of choosing a positive Y is 1/2. Say a coordinate x is chosen...Now,The probability of choosing any number that is <x or >x is again equal..so the Probability is again 1/2 for each case.

Now for P(y) such that both the conditions are met will be 1/2*1/2= 1/4.

Can any expert vouch for this way of solving such a question??

Had there been constraints, such as \(y\geq{|\frac{1}{2}x|}\), or say \(y\geq{x^{2}}\), the range would vary enough to where \(\frac{1}{2} * \frac{1}{2}\) estimation would be inaccurate, and therefore the solution above would not have worked. You might have adjusted for it, but since the question is out there, I took a swipe. Cheers

Re: An (x, y) coordinate pair is to be chosen at random from the [#permalink]

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14 Apr 2016, 19:30

this is how i did it -

without any restrictions, you had 2 choices of y (+/-) and 2 for x. a total of 4 choices. now you just have 1 for y. if you take quadrant I, half the values of y will be > x and half of the values of x>y's. so prob of y=>x = 1/2. but x can be -ve as well as we're comparing absolute values. so the prob of y=>lxl is 1/2*1/2 = 1/4

Re: An (x, y) coordinate pair is to be chosen at random from the [#permalink]

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09 Jan 2017, 10:04

PrashantPonde wrote:

Attachment:

XY Plane probability.jpg

Just plot the y>|x| on your paper and you will see it takes 1/4 of the space i.e. Probability = 1/4

Hence choice(E) is the answer.

Another way of reaching the same conclusion is as follows:

The area within the function y=lxl subtends an angle 90 deg with the coordinate system. Since the lines y=x and y=-x have slopes +45 and -45 respectively.

The total angle of any coordinate system is 360 deg. Therefore, the probability that the point lies within the 90 deg region is 90/360 = 1/4

gmatclubot

Re: An (x, y) coordinate pair is to be chosen at random from the
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09 Jan 2017, 10:04

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