Analyzing campaign expenditures, the media has had as a : GMAT Sentence Correction (SC)
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# Analyzing campaign expenditures, the media has had as a

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08 Jan 2011, 16:06
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Analyzing campaign expenditures, the media has had as a focus the high costs and low
ethics of campaign finance, but they have generally overlooked the cost of actually
administering elections, which includes facilities, transport, printing, staffing, and
technology.

A. Analyzing campaign expenditures, the media has had as a focus
B. Analyses of campaign expenditures by the media has been focus on
C. In analyzing campaign expenditures, the media have focused on
D. Media analyses of campaign expenditures have had as a focus
E. In their analysis of campaign expenditures, the media has been focusing on

I am confused between the usage of has or have
Will provide OA later
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: Analyzing campaign expenditures, the media [#permalink]

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08 Jan 2011, 16:14
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I think what's cool about this question is you don't need to be 100% certain of has/have to be tempted by the right answer. The modifying clause at the beginning is made clearer, and the main verb is simplified. Stylistically, it's a much better choice.

Here's a hint on how to be sure about whether "media" is singular/plural: Do you see another singular/plural world, in the non-underlined portion of the sentence, that tells us the number of "media" as used here?
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Re: Analyzing campaign expenditures, the media [#permalink]

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19 Feb 2011, 06:07
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By focusing only on the number of the word ‘media’, a larger issue has been ignored.

C refers to ‘media’ as plural while D maintains the plurality by referring to the subject as media analyses, Some may debate that it is the media that can analyse and focus and not the analyses by themselves. This is an aberrant proposition, because in any survey or study or report, it is the people behind that do the action, although we do mention that the survey reveals, study indicates and report points out and so on.

But still, can we equate media with media analyses? Logically yes, but not contextually, I suppose. The original text keeps the media as the subject. So C must be the answer for not distorting the subject.
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Re: Analyzing campaign expenditures, the media [#permalink]

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08 Jan 2011, 16:37
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The clue I'm actually talking about is the pronoun "they" later in the sentence. They is plural, and it's not underlined, and it without question refers to the "media." Thus, MEDIA IS PLURAL, so if media is the subject, it must be "have."

Whenever you have a confusion over subject/verb, look for a pronoun clue; whenever you have confusion over pronoun/antecedent, look for a verb clue. It doesn't always work, but sometimes there's extra info dropped for you there!
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09 Feb 2014, 04:24
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samsmalldog wrote:
Thanks pal,I read your post before,C is the best choice here but I still wondering whether media should be plural. One of the rule in GMAT is that such word is considered to be singular,but in this sentence, we have no choice.

Well buddy, GMAT is not an exam based on rules alone. GMAT is about logic or your understanding (within the framework or the context of the question stem)

Whether 'media' is singular or plural is highly inconclusive, better worry about the context than wrestling over the word (in true sense)
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11 Jan 2014, 23:57
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forevertfc wrote:
Can anyone explain why D is incorrect here?

Media can very well be either singular or plural. D takes into account the use of "they" by using a plural subject. Also, I'm not sure how it can be reasoned in good faith that "analyses" cannot focus or ignore.

I just can't see why D is the wrong option. Since media can take either a plural or singular verb, while analyses must take a plural verb, is D not the more fool proof option?

I have read everything in this thread and the MGMAT thread. The common line is that the analyses cannot "overlook" something. However, can we not say "his analysis of the problem overlooks several key factors...." Is that not a correct sentence?

Before we start looking at the options, let's do some pre-thinking and remove modifiers and prep phrases (that are not underlined)

Analyzing campaign expenditures, the media has had as a focus the high costs and low ethics of campaign finance, but they have generally overlooked the cost of actually administering elections, which includes facilities, transport, printing, staffing, and technology.

Also, the subject of the second independent clause is plural, and hence media must be plural.

A. Analyzing campaign expenditures, the media has had as a focus
Wrong option as media is singular. Doesn't agree with the question stem.

B. Analyses of campaign expenditures by the media has been focus on
they seem to refer to analyses. Wrong.
C. In analyzing campaign expenditures, the media have focused on
The media have focused on X, but they have overlooked Y - perfect construction with SV agreeing in number. Also, the co-ordinating conjunction 'but' separates the independent clauses well. No issues.
D. Media analyses of campaign expenditures have had as a focus
they refers to media analyses and hence this choice is wrong. How can media analyses overlook the cost of actually administering elections ? So D, is wrong.
E. In their analysis of campaign expenditures, the media has been focusing on
SV error again

Hope this is clear.
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Re: Analyzing campaign expenditures, the media [#permalink]

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08 Jan 2011, 16:17
Hi Adam.....you nailed it ....its the word media that led me to choose a wrong ans. I do see expenditures as plural. How do you suggest i tackle this..thanks
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Re: Analyzing campaign expenditures, the media [#permalink]

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08 Jan 2011, 16:28
Again, there's another word later on that tells us whether "media" is singular or plural. Once you see this, there's no longer any question.
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Re: Analyzing campaign expenditures, the media [#permalink]

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08 Jan 2011, 16:34
ah !..have focussed on high costs !
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Re: Analyzing campaign expenditures, the media [#permalink]

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08 Jan 2011, 16:39
great ...it makes a lot of sense. Thanks Adam.
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Re: Analyzing campaign expenditures, the media [#permalink]

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19 Feb 2011, 01:47
IMO C .

media is plural and requires usage of have.
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Re: Analyzing campaign expenditures, the media [#permalink]

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19 Feb 2011, 14:46
Thanks Adam for the explanation. I will look out for clues beyond the underlined part. For some reason, I seem to rule the non-underlined part out. I will practise not to.
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Re: Analyzing campaign expenditures, the media [#permalink]

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19 Feb 2011, 16:13
Thanks Adam! Its D for me as well.
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Re: Analyzing campaign expenditures, the media [#permalink]

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20 Feb 2011, 20:16
+1 C

"...has had as a focus" sounds ackward, doesn't it?
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Re: Analyzing campaign expenditures, the media [#permalink]

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20 Feb 2011, 21:31
metallicafan wrote:
+1 C

"...has had as a focus" sounds ackward, doesn't it?
.

Yes and it's grammatically incorrect as well ... I am curious though if "Have had as a focus" can be accepted if all other choices are wrong grammatically

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Re: Analyzing campaign expenditures, the media [#permalink]

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20 Feb 2011, 23:28
True- the textual ‘the media has had as a focus' is grammatically wrong because of number disagreement.

However the issue here is whether choice D is correct. If that choice were to be discussed in an independent context, I would say it is a perfect sentence with a plural subject and a plural verb. But if the topic were a GMAT question, and if there were serious grammatical errors in choices ABCE, leaving only D as the best of the bads, then we may have to reconcile to D in spite of the distorted intent. In GMAT can you skip a question? You won't get the next question.
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Re: Analyzing campaign expenditures, the media [#permalink]

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18 Jun 2011, 18:15
ajit257 wrote:
Analyzing campaign expenditures, the media has had as a focus the high costs and low
ethics of campaign finance, but they have generally overlooked the cost of actually
administering elections, which includes facilities, transport, printing, staffing, and
technology.

A. Analyzing campaign expenditures, the media has had as a focus
B. Analyses of campaign expenditures by the media has been focus on
C. In analyzing campaign expenditures, the media have focused on
D. Media analyses of campaign expenditures have had as a focus
E. In their analysis of campaign expenditures, the media has been focusing on

'they have' in the non-underlined part, explains that media is plural,
So A, B, E are out.
I am not sure about 'as a focus' in D.
C looks better.
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Re: Analyzing campaign expenditures, the media [#permalink]

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22 Jun 2011, 15:37
The choice is pretty clear here -- C.

But on a related note on Latin plurals...It's always tricky with words like MEDIA, DATA and so on. The plural usage is usually considered standard in the academic circles -- but I doubt GMAT will test this stuff. GMAT questions usually tend to be full proof.

This question of course clearly states that "media are" in the non-underlined section.
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Re: Analyzing campaign expenditures, the media [#permalink]

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16 Nov 2011, 17:47
DevilDoggNC wrote:
The choice is pretty clear here -- C.

But on a related note on Latin plurals...It's always tricky with words like MEDIA, DATA and so on. The plural usage is usually considered standard in the academic circles -- but I doubt GMAT will test this stuff. GMAT questions usually tend to be full proof.

This question of course clearly states that "media are" in the non-underlined section.

Yes, I was pretty stumped too at first reviewing my answers, since my SC auto alert had come on as soon as it saw a collective noun being used (media).

However, words like MEDIA and DATA are very tricky, since we rarely use their singular forms in this context (yes, these words are plural). The singular for Media is of course Medium (which is never used in the similar context) and the singular for Data (Datum) is also rarely used outside strictly scientific circles. These latin words can trick you up, but in this question (much to my detriment) the GMAT gave other clues in the non-underlined stem, that many miss.

However, I believe that the GMAT will usually always treat DATA as plural as well. I think I may have seen an example or two in the OG where DATA is used in its correct plural form.
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16 Nov 2011, 18:25
+1 for C.

A tricky question indeed.

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Re: Analyzing campaign expenditures, the media has had as a   [#permalink] 16 Nov 2011, 18:25

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