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# Anthropologists assert that cultures advance only when

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Senior Manager
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Anthropologists assert that cultures advance only when [#permalink]  22 Sep 2006, 22:47
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Anthropologists assert that cultures advance only when independence replaces dependenceâ€”that is, only when imposition by outsiders is replaced by initiative from within. In other words, the natives of a culture are the only ones who can move that culture forward. Non-natives may provide valuable advice, but any imposition of their views threatens independence and thus progress. If one looks at individual schools as separate cultures, therefore, the key to educational progress is obvious______
Which one of the following best completes the passage?
(A) individual schools must be independent of outside imposition
(B) some schools require more independence than others, depending on the initiative of their staffs and students
(C) school system officials must tailor their initiatives for change to each individual school in the system
(D) outsiders must be prevented from participation in schoolsâ€™ effort to advance
(E) the more independent a school is, the more educational progress it will make
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Re: CR:anthropologists [#permalink]  22 Sep 2006, 23:45
(A) individual schools must be independent of outside imposition
- The exact point the author has made. Imposition must be absent. Advice may be taken. \$.

(B) some schools require more independence than others, depending on the initiative of their staffs and students
- Have not discussed merits of degrees of dependence. Have talked about independence ' replacing dependence. Out.

(C) school system officials must tailor their initiatives for change to each individual school in the system
- Contrary to the authors views. Out.

(D) outsiders must be prevented from participation in schoolsâ€™ effort to advance
- Too extreme. The passage says advice may be taken but not imposed. Out.

(E) the more independent a school is, the more educational progress it will make
- Have not discussed levels of independence. Same problem as (B). Out.
Senior Manager
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I think the problem with A is that it speaks only about outside imposition and not about internal intiative that is necessary to be independent.

E satisfies the reasoning as it only mentions the word independence itself to mean both the removal of outside imposition and internal iniative.

I'd go with E.
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Re: CR:anthropologists [#permalink]  23 Sep 2006, 09:33
sangarelli wrote:
Anthropologists assert that cultures advance only when independence replaces dependenceâ€”that is, only when imposition by outsiders is replaced by initiative from within. In other words, the natives of a culture are the only ones who can move that culture forward. Non-natives may provide valuable advice, but any imposition of their views threatens independence and thus progress. If one looks at individual schools as separate cultures, therefore, the key to educational progress is obvious______
Which one of the following best completes the passage?
(A) individual schools must be independent of outside imposition
(B) some schools require more independence than others, depending on the initiative of their staffs and students
(C) school system officials must tailor their initiatives for change to each individual school in the system
(D) outsiders must be prevented from participation in schoolsâ€™ effort to advance
(E) the more independent a school is, the more educational progress it will make

Going with E

A looks more like a conclusion and possibly a strong statement (must be ) to make.

E Is the inference. We are supposed to infer based on the permise that
any impediment to independence effects progress. Applying the similar but inverted logic to schools progress , E seems to be the best fit.
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goign with E...A is bit strong.
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Re: CR:anthropologists [#permalink]  23 Sep 2006, 13:05
sangarelli wrote:
Anthropologists assert that cultures advance only when independence replaces dependenceâ€”that is, only when imposition by outsiders is replaced by initiative from within. In other words, the natives of a culture are the only ones who can move that culture forward. Non-natives may provide valuable advice, but any imposition of their views threatens independence and thus progress. If one looks at individual schools as separate cultures, therefore, the key to educational progress is obvious______

http://www.gmatclub.com/phpbb/viewtopic.php?t=9699&highlight=anthropologists+imposition

A it is!

Note the highlighted portion. Unequivocally stressing on removal of outside impositions.

Last edited by paddyboy on 23 Sep 2006, 21:50, edited 1 time in total.
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E.
Senior Manager
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The OA is (A) guyz.
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