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Anthropologists studying the Hopi people of the

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Anthropologists studying the Hopi people of the [#permalink] New post 27 Mar 2014, 10:18
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Anthropologists studying the Hopi people of the southwestern United States often characterize Hopi society between 1680 and 1880 as surprisingly stable, considering that it was a period of diminution in population and pressure from contact with outside groups, factors that might be expected to cause significant changes in Hopi social arrangements.

The Hopis’ retention of their distinctive sociocultural system has been attributed to the Hopi religious elite’s determined efforts to preserve their religion and way of life, and also to a geographical isolation greater than that of many other Native American groups, an isolation that limited both cultural contact and exposure to European diseases. But equally important to Hopi cultural persistence may have been an inherent flexibility in their social system that may have allowed preservation of traditions even as the Hopis accommodated themselves to change. For example, the system of matrilineal clans was maintained throughout this period, even though some clans merged to form larger groups while others divided into smaller descent groups. Furthermore, although traditionally members of particular Hopi clans appear to have exclusively controlled particular ceremonies, a clan’s control of a ceremony might shift to another clan if the first became too small to manage the responsibility. Village leadership positions traditionally restricted to members of one clan might be similarly extended to members of other clans, and women might assume such positions under certain unusual conditions.

Which of the following can be inferred from the passage about the Hopis' geographic situation between 1680 and 1880?

(A) It prevented the Hopis from experiencing a diminution in population.
(B) It helped to promote flexibility within their social system.
(C) It limited but did not eliminate contact with other cultural groups.
(D) It reinforced the religious elite's determination to resist cultural change.
(E) It tended to limit contact between certain Hopi clans.

OA:
[Reveal] Spoiler:
C


The passage is primarily concerned with
A) reassessing a phenomenon in light of new findings
B) assessing the relative importance of two factors underlying a phenomenon
C) examining the assumptions underlying an interpretation of a phenomenon
D) expanding on an explanation of a phenomenon
E) contrasting two methods for evaluating a phenomenon

OA:
[Reveal] Spoiler:
D



Hi, can anyone explain these questions, please.
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Re: Anthropologists studying the Hopi people of the [#permalink] New post 27 Mar 2014, 22:34
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Really short and good passage but questions seemed on 600-700 level.

Which of the following can be inferred from the passage about the Hopis' geographic situation between 1680 and 1880?

(A) It prevented the Hopis from experiencing a diminution in population. --Cant infer this from passage certainly. A trap basically
(B) It helped to promote flexibility within their social system. --Wrong in the context of the passage.
(C) It limited but did not eliminate contact with other cultural groups.-- This is the one mentioned in the passage.
The Hopis’ retention of their distinctive sociocultural system has been attributed to the Hopi religious elite’s determined efforts to preserve their religion and way of life, and also to a geographical isolation greater than that of many other Native American groups,an isolation that limited both cultural contact and exposure to European diseases.
(D) It reinforced the religious elite's determination to resist cultural change.-- Can't be inferred surely.
(E) It tended to limit contact between certain Hopi clans.---- Can't be inferred surely.


The passage is primarily concerned with
A) reassessing a phenomenon in light of new findings---No reassessment of new findings. Out
B) assessing the relative importance of two factors underlying a phenomenon ---Wrong
C) examining the assumptions underlying an interpretation of a phenomenon--- This was a trap. But closely reading the words, we see that the passage is not examining any assumptions
D) expanding on an explanation of a phenomenon-- Yes. Passage is expanding on the explanation of a phenomenon i.e. Hopis’ retention of their distinctive sociocultural system as stated in 1st para
E) contrasting two methodsfor evaluating a phenomenon--- Wrong

Hope it helps :-)
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Re: Anthropologists studying the Hopi people of the [#permalink] New post 10 Apr 2014, 03:42
Can anyone explain the second question?

My interpretation:

".. attributed to the Hopi religious elite’s determined efforts to preserve their religion and way of life, and also to a geographical isolation greater than that of many other Native American groups, an isolation that limited both cultural contact and exposure to European diseases. But equally important to Hopi cultural persistence may have been an inherent flexibility in their social system"

There are two factors - preserve and isolation. No?
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Re: Anthropologists studying the Hopi people of the [#permalink] New post 06 Jul 2014, 02:57
pretzel wrote:
Can anyone explain the second question?

My interpretation:

".. attributed to the Hopi religious elite’s determined efforts to preserve their religion and way of life, and also to a geographical isolation greater than that of many other Native American groups, an isolation that limited both cultural contact and exposure to European diseases. But equally important to Hopi cultural persistence may have been an inherent flexibility in their social system"

There are two factors - preserve and isolation. No?



I also did the same mistake as you did, the only difference being I considered two factors as below:

Determined efforts and inherent flexibility.

However, here we have three factors as give below:

Attributed X to Y and Z

Here
Y=Determined Efforts
Z=Geographical isolation

.But equally important to hopi may have been INHERENT FLEXIBILITY which is the third factor. So,answer cannot be (B).

Had it been only two factors with above phrasing, (B) would have been the correct answer
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Re: Anthropologists studying the Hopi people of the   [#permalink] 06 Jul 2014, 02:57
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