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Any tax relief received by the solar industry would not [#permalink]
18 Oct 2005, 13:53
100% (01:59) correct
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Any tax relief received by the solar industry would not benefit the homeowner who installs a solar-energy system. Even though homeowners would pay a lower price for solar-energy system installations because of this tax relief, with the government paying the balance, government revenues come from the public.
The argument above is based on which of the following assumptions?
(A) The tax relief would cause the homeowner to lose, through taxes or reduced government benefits or both, an amount at least equal to the reduction in the price of that homeownerâ€™s solar-energy system installation.
(B) The tax relief that would be received by solar-energy industries would not be offered at the same time as any tax relief for other industries.
(C) Advertisements of the solar-energy industry, by failing to identify the source of government revenues explicitly to the public, mask the advantage the industry receives from the public.
(D) Homeowners generally believe that they benefit from any tax relief offered to the solar-energy industry.
(E) Tax relief would encourage solar industries to sell solar-energy systems at higher prices
Exports of United States wood pulp will rise considerably during this year. The reason for the rise is that the falling value of the dollar will make it cheaper for paper manufacturers in Japan and Western Europe to buy American wood pulp than to get it from any other source.
Which of the following is an assumption made in drawing the conclusion above?
(A) Factory output of paper products in Japan and Western Europe will increase sharply during this year.
(B) The quality of the wood pulp produced in the United States would be adequate for the purposes of Japanese and Western European paper manufacturers.
(C) Paper manufacturers in Japan and Western Europe would prefer to use wood pulp produced in the United States if cost were not a factor.
(D) Demand for paper products made in Japan and Western Europe will not increase sharply during this year.
(E) Production of wood pulp by United States companies will not increase sharply during this year.
Working shorter workweeks causes managers to feel less stress than does working longer workweeks. In addition, greater perceived control over oneâ€™s work life reduces stress levels. It can be concluded, therefore, that shorter workweeks cause managers to feel they have more control over their work life.
The argument made above uses which of the following questionable techniques?
(A) Associating two conditions as cause and effect on the basis of their being causally associated with the same phenomenon
(B) Taking for granted that two factors that have a certain effect individually produce that effect more strongly when both act together
(C) Assuming what it sets out to prove
(D) Using an irrelevant point in order to draw a conclusion
(E) Basing a conclusion on preconceived views about the needs of managers
(A) Best choice. Govt. subsidizes x$, consumer pays x$ less. Since consumer pays Govt. x$ back on taxes, consumer gains nothing.
(B) out of scope
(C) out of scope
(D) 'belief' isn't the assumption
(E) Neither is 'encouragement'
Only if the two countries prefer buying, they will buy. Otherwise, even if it is cheap they won't buy it as they don't prefer it.
condition1 "Working shorter workweeks" associated with "less stress"
condition2 "greater perceived control" associated with "less stress"
Associating condition1 and condition2 on their beign related to the same phenomenon "less stress"
C is the assumption required. If paper manufacturers always wanted to use wood pulp from US, but cost prevented them from doing so, then with the fall in the value of the dollar, they wil be encouraged to buy the wood pulp from the US.
(B) The quality of the wood pulp produced in the United States would be adequate for the purposes of Japanese and Western European paper manufacturers. (C) Paper manufacturers in Japan and Western Europe would prefer to use wood pulp produced in the United States if cost were not a factor.
B says the wood product is of equivalent quality.
C says the US wood product is super in quality.
Stem says if the wood product is cheaper then they would buy it. This would be true as long as the wood product is of equivalent quality. It doesn't have to be superior in quality. Therefore B would be enough. _________________
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