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Archaeologists have found wheeled ceramic toys made by the

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Archaeologists have found wheeled ceramic toys made by the [#permalink] New post 15 Apr 2004, 07:52
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Archaeologists have found wheeled ceramic toys made by the Toltec, twelfth-century inhabitants of what is now Veracruz. Although there is no archaeological evidence that the Toltec used wheels for anything but toys, some anthropologists hypothesize that wheeled utility vehicles were used to carry materials needed for the monumental structures the Toltec produced.Which of the following, if true, would most help the anthropologists explain the lack of evidence noted above?
(A) The Toltec sometimes incorporated into their toys representations of utensils or other devices that served some practical purpose.
(B) Any wheeled utility vehicles used by the Toltec could have been made entirely of wood, and unlike ceramic, wood decays rapidly in the humid climate of Veracruz.
(C) Carvings in monument walls suggest that the Toltec's wheeled ceramic toys somtimes had ritual uses in addition to being used by both children and adults as decorations and playthings.
(D) Wheeled utility vehicles were used during the twelfth century in many areas of the world, but during this time wheeled toys were not very common in areas outside Veracruz.
(E) Some of the wheeled ceramic toys were found near the remains of monumental stuctures.


i was surpried by the OA.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Last edited by pqhai on 30 Oct 2013, 01:03, edited 1 time in total.
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 [#permalink] New post 15 Apr 2004, 08:04
I believe A and B are the contenders. I can also prove A but needs lot of assumptions and reasoning.

B looks promising.
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 [#permalink] New post 15 Apr 2004, 10:35
I agree with B, but the note at the bottom of the question about being surprised by the OA has me second guessing...
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 [#permalink] New post 15 Apr 2004, 11:35
My first reaction was B) ... but then thinking about B), it didn't seem to really help present a good case. An argument similar to B could be used to justify anything ... for eg

' The Toltec's were the first to build 20 storied sky-scrappers ...but unfortuantely we can't provide proof since they were built of wood and wood decays rapidly' :-)


C) and D) weakens the anthropologists case.

E) Has a tenous link ... but there could be various reasons why ceramic toys could show up near monumental structures (such as (C))

I'd go with A.
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 [#permalink] New post 15 Apr 2004, 12:49
I agree that B could be used to explain anything but the question was: Which of the following "if true" could help blah blah blah
All we care about is given that either of A, B, C, D or E are true, would any help provide a reasonable explanation? Although I agree that B can be used to justify anything, all we need to assume is that it is true. If true, will it help resolve the issue? Yes. Hence B is the answer. All the other answers seem shaky. As a matter of fact, can you(Version2) refuted the other answers but can you justify how A, when true, can help explain the lack of evidence in the existence of the wheel?

Mbmantra, you say you were surprised by the OA so I guess it must be something other than B but I just can't see how any other answer, when true, can explain the lack of evidence given...
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 [#permalink] New post 15 Apr 2004, 13:13
Paul,

You won't let me get away making wild claims will you? :-). <thanks ...keeps me thinking>


There are in general two ways to explain 'lack of evidence'

1). Show that evidence could have existed sometime in the past but no longer exists thus rationalizing the 'lack of evidence'

2) Show that there is evidence (albiet not direct evidence) thus showing that the claim of 'lack of evidence' is not true.


A) says that .. The toltec sometime used toys to represent useful things. They antro's found toy wheels ...so possibly real wheels exisited.

I'd say that this is better than B).
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 [#permalink] New post 15 Apr 2004, 16:56
I see your point Version2. I agree with A. If they used toys to represent practical devices and wheels were found on those toys, then they must have used wheels in the past as a practical device to build their monumental structure. B is indeed the "shaky" argument. :?
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 [#permalink] New post 15 Apr 2004, 18:38
Almost Everyone chsoe B. hummm....
i could not relate B with the stem given. what in gods name "wood decays rapidly in the humid climate of Veracruz. " has to do with the argument given in the question. 'A' seems right as explained by V2 and accepted by Paul.

I think i should not have written the comment in the end, sorry abt that. it confuses people, do you want OA or want more discussion abt A and B?
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 [#permalink] New post 15 Apr 2004, 18:42
If those people had used wooden wheels long long time ago then they would have decayed by now and archeologists will not be able to find those wheels. This explains why the evidence is lacking.
I still stick with B.
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 [#permalink] New post 15 Apr 2004, 18:50
Please give the answer.

Secondly what is the source of the questions ? In other words how believable is the "official answer" ??

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 [#permalink] New post 15 Apr 2004, 18:56
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Well said Anandnk. I know for a fact I would have picked B as first choice but it just seemed too obvious to me. Weird, the more you overanalyze a CR, the more you question your first choice over a contender and end up falling for the contender. I do agree with Version2 though that B is shaky in the sense that it simply says that the wheel evidence don't exist anymore because they were built of wood hence the lack of evidence. We could have said that argument about just anything.

Ok, I think B is stronger now because the question is asking about "the lack of evidence". In other words, why the evidence is gone? That is because the wheels are made of woods. On the other hand, A should be the answer to another question: Despite the lack of evidence, did the Toltec use the wheel? Yes, because as A says, if it was found on toys and toys themselves represent devices that are practical in Toltec's lives, then the wheel was used by Toltec. Since the question is asking about how to explain the lack of evidence, then B is clearly best. What brain buster!
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 [#permalink] New post 15 Apr 2004, 19:02
all right, thanks Anandk. Now OA is not that surprising , i chose A and did not put much grey cell into B. QA is B.
boy... i have to think.
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 [#permalink] New post 15 Apr 2004, 19:04
hey V2, i forogt to mention source. its gmattutor yaho group.
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 [#permalink] New post 15 Apr 2004, 19:18
Thanks mbamantra,

I don't know what gmat tutor is. Is it reliable ??.

I can see why B was chosen. My gut said B) but my brain typically overrules my gut (except when it comes to food :-) ) and it said A. I'm also wary when somethings handed down in a platter like B) was.

I should really start studying some. My GMAT's in 1st week of July and the only studying i've been doing is hanging out in these forums ... haven't even bought any books yet :-(.
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 [#permalink] New post 18 Apr 2004, 05:15
A big problem I had with A is the use of "sometimes". If toys are "sometimes" depictions, then that explanation does not really help the archaelogists because it could mean that the ceramic wheeled toys were not depictions. B is a better explanation for why there is lack of evidence.
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 [#permalink] New post 18 Apr 2004, 07:28
True but 'sometimes' suggests 'some' not 'none'. As i said i know why B was chosen. I believe A can be justified. It depends on how the stem is read. Perhaps B is the better answer.
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Re: Archaeologists have found wheeled ceramic toys made by the [#permalink] New post 29 Oct 2013, 12:35
mbamantra wrote:
Archaeologists have found wheeled ceramic toys made by the Toltec, twelfth-century inhabitants of what is now Veracruz. Although there is no archaeological evidence that the Toltec used wheels for anything but toys, some anthropologists hypothesize that wheeled utility vehicles were used to carry materials needed for the monumental structures the Toltec produced.Which of the following, if true, would most help the anthropologists explain the lack of evidence noted above?
(A) The Toltec sometimes incorporated into their toys representations of utensils or other devices that served some practical purpose.
(B) Any wheeled utility vehicles used by the Toltec could have been made entirely of wood, and unlike ceramic, wood decays rapidly in the humid climate of Veracruz.
(C) Carvings in monument walls suggest that the Toltec's wheeled ceramic toys somtimes had ritual uses in addition to being used by both children and adults as decorations and playthings.
(D) Wheeled utility vehicles were used during the twelfth century in many areas of the world, but during this time wheeled toys were not very common in areas outside Veracruz.
(E) Some of the wheeled ceramic toys were found near the remains of monumental stuctures.


i was surpried by the OA.


Hey folks, Anybody has the OA for this one?
Cheers
Best
J :)
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Re: Archaeologists have found wheeled ceramic toys made by the [#permalink] New post 30 Oct 2013, 01:02
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jlgdr wrote:
mbamantra wrote:
Archaeologists have found wheeled ceramic toys made by the Toltec, twelfth-century inhabitants of what is now Veracruz. Although there is no archaeological evidence that the Toltec used wheels for anything but toys, some anthropologists hypothesize that wheeled utility vehicles were used to carry materials needed for the monumental structures the Toltec produced.Which of the following, if true, would most help the anthropologists explain the lack of evidence noted above?
(A) The Toltec sometimes incorporated into their toys representations of utensils or other devices that served some practical purpose.
(B) Any wheeled utility vehicles used by the Toltec could have been made entirely of wood, and unlike ceramic, wood decays rapidly in the humid climate of Veracruz.
(C) Carvings in monument walls suggest that the Toltec's wheeled ceramic toys somtimes had ritual uses in addition to being used by both children and adults as decorations and playthings.
(D) Wheeled utility vehicles were used during the twelfth century in many areas of the world, but during this time wheeled toys were not very common in areas outside Veracruz.
(E) Some of the wheeled ceramic toys were found near the remains of monumental stuctures.


i was surpried by the OA.


Hey folks, Anybody has the OA for this one?
Cheers
Best
J :)


Hi Jlgdr

OA is B as mbamantra provided in his previous post. I also added the OA.
Hope it's clear.
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Re: Archaeologists have found wheeled ceramic toys made by the   [#permalink] 30 Oct 2013, 01:02
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