Archaeologists have recently found in various grave sites in : GMAT Critical Reasoning (CR)
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# Archaeologists have recently found in various grave sites in

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Archaeologists have recently found in various grave sites in [#permalink]

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16 Jun 2013, 00:24
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Archaeologists have recently found in various grave sites in the mexican state of veracruz , small ceramic animals with attached wheels . At first this find might seem to discredit the belief that the wheel and its uses were unknown in pre-columbian culture .On reflection ,however, it would seem that discovery actually bears out this belief . To be familiar with these toys and yet not to apply the principle of the wheel to daily tasks such as carting,trasportation and pottery-making must indicate a lack of understanding of the wheel and potential benefits.

Which of the following best expresses the argument made in the passage above?

A. If the pre-Columbian people of Veracruz, had understood the principle of the wheel, they would not have attached wheels to ceramic animals.
B. If the pre-Columbian people of Veracruz, had understood the principle of the wheel, they would have adapted it to everyday use
C. If the pre-Columbian people of Veracruz, had understood the principle of the wheel, they would have adapted the idea of the wheel from the wheeled ceramic figures
D. Pre-Columbian people of Veracruz, must have known of the wheel and its use because they attached wheels to ceramic animals.
E. Since the pre-Columbian people of Veracruz did not know of the wheel or its uses, the ceramic animals found in the grave sites must be the remains of later cultures.

[Reveal] Spoiler:
Can someone explain D
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Last edited by veenu08 on 16 Jun 2013, 02:58, edited 2 times in total.
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Re: Archaeologists have recently found in various grave sites [#permalink]

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16 Jun 2013, 02:17
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veenu08 wrote:
Archaeologists have recently found in various grave sites in the mexican state of veracruz , small ceramic animals with attached wheels . At first this find might seem to discredit the belief that the wheel and its uses were unknown in pre-columbian culture .On reflection ,however, it would seem that discovery actually bears out this belief . To be familiar with these toys and yet not to apply the principle of the wheel to daily tasks such as carting,trasportation and pottery-making must indicate a lack of understanding of the wheel and potential benefits.

Which of the following best expresses the argument made in the passage above?

A. If the pre-Columbian people of Veracruz, had understood the principle of the wheel, they would not have attached wheels to ceramic animals.
B. If the pre-Columbian people of Veracruz, had understood the principle of the wheel, they would not have adapted it to everyday use
C. If the pre-Columbian people of Veracruz, had understood the principle of the wheel, they would not have adapted the idea of the wheel from the wheeled ceramic figures
D. Pre-Columbian people of Veracruz, must have known of the wheel and its use because they attached wheels to ceramic animals.
E. Since the pre-Columbian people of Veracruz did not know of the wheel or its uses, the ceramic animals found in the grave sites must be the remains of later cultures.

[Reveal] Spoiler:
Can someone explain D

The answer choice [D] states that the pre-Columbian people understood the relevance of wheel and its uses too, since they used it in their toys, but this is not true since the wheel was used only in toys and not in other important day-to-day tasks like carting, transportation and pottery-making. Hence the choice isnt accurate.

Coming to [C], I feel it needs to be rephrased as "If the pre-Columbian people of Veracruz, had understood the principle of the wheel, they would have adapted the idea of the wheel from the wheeled ceramic figures", which they didn't. They had not adapted the idea of wheel from the basic toys found in the excavation to the regular usage of the wheel. The excavation shows no proof of the same. Hence the conclusion of the passage, that the pre-Columbian people didn't understand the wheel is re-in forced.

Please correct me if I am wrong

Regards,
A
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Re: Archaeologists have recently found in various grave sites in [#permalink]

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20 Aug 2013, 08:04
Would some one tell me why is B wrong?
I think B and C are re-stating the same fact aren't they. In fact for me B is closer to the argument, construct wise. Experts please shed light on this.
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Re: Archaeologists have recently found in various grave sites in [#permalink]

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20 Aug 2013, 08:17
vabhs192003 wrote:
Would some one tell me why is B wrong?
I think B and C are re-stating the same fact aren't they. In fact for me B is closer to the argument, construct wise. Experts please shed light on this.

B. If the pre-Columbian people of Veracruz, had understood the principle of the wheel, they would have adapted it to everyday use

everyday use ==> this is too specific.
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Re: Archaeologists have recently found in various grave sites in [#permalink]

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blueseas wrote:
vabhs192003 wrote:
Would some one tell me why is B wrong?
I think B and C are re-stating the same fact aren't they. In fact for me B is closer to the argument, construct wise. Experts please shed light on this.

B. If the pre-Columbian people of Veracruz, had understood the principle of the wheel, they would have adapted it to everyday use

everyday use ==> this is too specific.

every day use implies -> yet not to apply the principle of the wheel to daily tasks (quoted from Argument).

I just feel the options are too close and are not logically separate and distinct. In GMAT like questions, options are distinct, conveying separate logical ideas. I dont see the case. Option C builds or plays with Option B.

Needless to say, I dont like the question.
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Re: Archaeologists have recently found in various grave sites in [#permalink]

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20 Aug 2013, 21:45
Hi Guys,

IMO-C!

the choice is clearly between B & C.

But B is incomplete for the fact that it does not include the idea of adaption from the wheeled toys.

Basically the argument goes this way

Pre Columbian made toys with wheel.....they clearly knew the wheel ...but they did not understand the principle...if they would have then they would have used the same concept as used in the toys to their day today activity...

thus C is complete in that sense.

I might be wrong but that how I landed to the answer.

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Re: Archaeologists have recently found in various grave sites in [#permalink]

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31 Aug 2013, 10:14
I came across this question in Kaplan's Verbal Workbook where B (everyday use) is given as the right answer and option C is different from how it is presented here.

Option C is given as:
If the pre-Colombian people of Veracruz had uses for the wheel in their everyday lives, they would have adapted the idea of the wheel from the wheeled ceramic figures.

In any case I think B is correct because the argument does mention "yet not apply the principle of the wheel to daily tasks such as carting, transportation, and pottery" showing that these applications were there where the wheel could be used.
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Re: Archaeologists have recently found in various grave sites in [#permalink]

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14 Feb 2014, 09:50
siddharthkanjilal wrote:
I came across this question in Kaplan's Verbal Workbook where B (everyday use) is given as the right answer and option C is different from how it is presented here.

Option C is given as:
If the pre-Colombian people of Veracruz had uses for the wheel in their everyday lives, they would have adapted the idea of the wheel from the wheeled ceramic figures.

In any case I think B is correct because the argument does mention "yet not apply the principle of the wheel to daily tasks such as carting, transportation, and pottery" showing that these applications were there where the wheel could be used.

Are you sure about this buddy? So you're saying OA is B?

Let us know will you
Thanks
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Re: Archaeologists have recently found in various grave sites in [#permalink]

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18 Mar 2014, 17:54
jlgdr wrote:
siddharthkanjilal wrote:
I came across this question in Kaplan's Verbal Workbook where B (everyday use) is given as the right answer and option C is different from how it is presented here.

Option C is given as:
If the pre-Colombian people of Veracruz had uses for the wheel in their everyday lives, they would have adapted the idea of the wheel from the wheeled ceramic figures.

In any case I think B is correct because the argument does mention "yet not apply the principle of the wheel to daily tasks such as carting, transportation, and pottery" showing that these applications were there where the wheel could be used.

Are you sure about this buddy? So you're saying OA is B?

Let us know will you
Thanks
Cheers
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I googled it and also found B as the answer . Verbal Moderators please correct it .
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Re: Archaeologists have recently found in various grave sites in [#permalink]

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19 Mar 2014, 03:54
I am tempted to do with B because "that the wheel and its uses were unknown in pre-columbian culture", suggesting that the principle was unknown. If it was known, well they knew it, why to adapt it from toys as in "they would have adapted the idea of the wheel from the wheeled ceramic figures ", they would have used it in toys as well as for "everyday tasks" (such as carting, transportation..) apart from making toys out of it.

"they would have adapted...." seems very limiting to me -:)
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GMAT Prep : Critical Reasoning Decoded

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27 Mar 2014, 07:41
We have a debate here B vs C what's it gonna be? Experts please advice!!

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25 May 2014, 08:51
Want to hear some replies for this freaking question!!

Will gladly throw some KUDOS out there!

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Re: Archaeologists have recently found in various grave sites in [#permalink]

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25 May 2014, 09:06
there is not much difference between B and C .
what is the source of this question
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25 May 2014, 09:12
aditya8062 wrote:
there is not much difference between B and C .
what is the source of this question

If you READ THE QUESTION it will say Kaplan, so I guess that's the correct source
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Re: Archaeologists have recently found in various grave sites in [#permalink]

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25 May 2014, 09:16
Quote:
If you READ THE QUESTION it will say Kaplan, so I guess that's the correct source

well not really .i have seen lot of mistakes in kaplan question .
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Re: Archaeologists have recently found in various grave sites in [#permalink]

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15 Sep 2014, 22:13
Can we get an expert to help here?
I really don't like C as the OA.
B seems better to me
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Re: Archaeologists have recently found in various grave sites in [#permalink]

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16 Sep 2014, 03:30
Choices 'B' and 'C' are pretty close...Hopefully in the actual GMAT the answers are not so closely linked to the argument...
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Re: Archaeologists have recently found in various grave sites in [#permalink]

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21 Jun 2015, 23:45
There is a typing error in option C.
The correct one reads -

C. If the pre-Columbian people of Veracruz, had understood the principle of the wheel, they would NOT have adapted the idea of the wheel from the wheeled ceramic figures

I hope C makes sense now.
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Re: Archaeologists have recently found in various grave sites in [#permalink]

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22 Jun 2015, 04:35
sanjay1993 wrote:
There is a typing error in option C.
The correct one reads -

C. If the pre-Columbian people of Veracruz, had understood the principle of the wheel, they would NOT have adapted the idea of the wheel from the wheeled ceramic figures

I hope C makes sense now.

Hi.

Option B for me is the most succinct.

As per the passage, the author wonders why they did not extend the principle behind the wheel to other tasks to increase productivity in every day tasks. Option C lays too much emphasis to the ceramic figures, which is not the point of the passage.
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Re: Archaeologists have recently found in various grave sites in [#permalink]

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29 Oct 2015, 02:14
Overall argument:
People in veracruz had toys with wheels, there is a hypothesis that they didn't know the use of wheels. But with the example the hypothesis is being attacked. In contrary, they didn't know the purpose of the wheels as for various functions, the concept wasn't applied.

Option A, D & E - Not relevant.
Option B - Functions cannot be generalized as everyday functions. (Although its human nature to assume such a thing).
Option C - Right answer.
Re: Archaeologists have recently found in various grave sites in   [#permalink] 29 Oct 2015, 02:14

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