Archaeologists in Egypt have excavated a 5,000-year-old : GMAT Sentence Correction (SC)
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# Archaeologists in Egypt have excavated a 5,000-year-old

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Archaeologists in Egypt have excavated a 5,000-year-old [#permalink]

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21 Jul 2012, 15:37
3
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10
This post was
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Difficulty:

55% (hard)

Question Stats:

53% (02:02) correct 47% (01:10) wrong based on 628 sessions

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Archaeologists in Egypt have excavated a 5,000-year-old wooden hull that is the earliest surviving example of a "built" boat--in other words, a boat constructed out of planks fitted together--and that thus represents a major advance, in terms of boat-building technology, over the dugout logs and reed vessels of more ancient vintage.

(A) together--and that thus represents
(B) together--and this has represented
(C) together, and it represents
(D) together that was representing
(E) together to represent

plz explain the solution.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Last edited by maybeam on 22 Jul 2012, 01:53, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: Archaeologists in Egypt have excavated [#permalink]

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21 Jul 2012, 17:11
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This post was
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(A) together--and that thus represents
not clear what that represents
(B) together--and this has represented
no clear what this represents
(C) together, and it represents
Correct Answer, it refers back to wood
(D) together that was representing
not clear where punctuation "--" ends, also past continuous tense makes this choice awkward
(E) together to represent
not clear where punctuation "--" ends
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Re: Archaeologists in Egypt have excavated [#permalink]

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21 Jul 2012, 21:24
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Answer should be A. 'That' refers to wooden hull discovered.

C violates the usage of dash and is, hence, incorrect.
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Re: Archaeologists in Egypt have excavated [#permalink]

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21 Jul 2012, 21:25
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Archaeologists in Egypt have excavated a 5,000-year-old wooden hull that is the earliest surviving example of a "built" boat--in other words, a boat constructed out of planks fitted together--and that thus represents a major advance, in terms of boat-building technology, over the dugout logs and reed vessels of more ancient vintage

green marked portion is just a modifier.So it makes a problem of parallelism so "that is the " and "that thus" seems to be parallel to me."that thus" that clearly refer to wooden hull which is thought as the major improvement here.

I have problem with C.Since the pronoun "it" has too many antecedents to refer to which makes it awkward.

Thanks
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Re: Archaeologists in Egypt have excavated [#permalink]

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21 Jul 2012, 21:39
Verify the OA and post the OE if possible,the below link might be helpful
http://gmatclub.com/forum/archaeologists-in-egypt-have-excavated-a-5-000-year-old-95859.html?fl=similar
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Re: Archaeologists in Egypt have excavated [#permalink]

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22 Jul 2012, 01:54
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sorry folks..I posted the wrong OA.

Have updated it now.

Still not clear why C is wrong
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Re: Archaeologists in Egypt have excavated [#permalink]

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22 Jul 2012, 02:53
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in (C) it is referring to - "....a boat constructed out of planks fitted together...."

but the intended meaning is to give stress on the fact that :

"Archaeologists in Egypt have excavated a 5,000-year-old wooden hull that is the earliest surviving example of a "built" boat...."

The 5000 year old wooden hull actually represents a major advance, in terms of boat-building technology.

a boat constructed out of planks fitted together is mentioned just to tell the public that how the wooden hull looks as of today's world boat.
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Re: Archaeologists in Egypt have excavated [#permalink]

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22 Jul 2012, 03:19
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You can parse this sentence as comprising of a list of two elements:
Archaeologists .. have excavated a... wooden hull :
1. that is the earliest surviving .. .blah blah..
and
2. that represents major advance.. blah blah..

"And" should ring alarm bells to check for parallelism.. That is the earliest surviving --> is a clause and when you have two parallel clauses they MUST start with same word (ex. relative pronoun).. hence you can't use answer choice starting with "it"
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Re: Archaeologists in Egypt have excavated [#permalink]

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22 Jul 2012, 11:22
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maybeam wrote:
Archaeologists in Egypt have excavated a 5,000-year-old wooden hull that is the earliest surviving example of a "built" boat--in other words, a boat constructed out of planks fitted together--and that thus represents a major advance, in terms of boat-building technology, over the dugout logs and reed vessels of more ancient vintage.

(A) together--and that thus represents
(B) together--and this has represented
(C) together, and it represents
(D) together that was representing
(E) together to represent

plz explain the solution.

This problem is testing use of HYPHEN more than anything.

Most commonly, a hyphen/dash connects an independent clause with another, with a separate or interrupting thought plus a conjunction like or, but, yet, as, for, and after the second dash.

It works somewhat like parentheses or commas, but it is used where a stronger punctuation is needed. It can connect an independent clause with the 'interrupting' thought like so:

Case 1: Independent clause—thought—independent clause.
Case 2: Independent clause—thought.

Independent clause 1: Archaeologists in Egypt have excavated a 5,000-year-old wooden hull that is the earliest surviving example of a "built" boat
Thought: --in other words, a boat constructed out of planks fitted together--
Conjunction: and
Independent Clause 2: that thus represents a major advance, in terms of boat-building technology, over the dugout logs and reed vessels of more ancient vintage

C, D, E out as we can very well identify its case one--note use of "and"
B is out as in the later half of sentence use of present perfect tense is not required.

Hence A.

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Re: Archaeologists in Egypt have excavated [#permalink]

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23 Jul 2012, 03:06
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Strike 1 => Verb Tense - BDE out
Strike 2 => Pronoun ambiguity - C out [It can represent hull or boat]

Leaves us with A
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Re: Archaeologists in Egypt have excavated a 5,000-year-old [#permalink]

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22 May 2014, 14:29
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Re: Archaeologists in Egypt have excavated a 5,000-year-old [#permalink]

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07 Jun 2015, 22:34
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

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Re: Archaeologists in Egypt have excavated a 5,000-year-old [#permalink]

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24 Jan 2016, 09:01
maybeam wrote:
Archaeologists in Egypt have excavated a 5,000-year-old wooden hull that is the earliest surviving example of a "built" boat--in other words, a boat constructed out of planks fitted together--and that thus represents a major advance, in terms of boat-building technology, over the dugout logs and reed vessels of more ancient vintage.

(A) together--and that thus represents
(B) together--and this has represented
(C) together, and it represents
(D) together that was representing
(E) together to represent

plz explain the solution.

I used POE
(A) together--and that thus represents Although sounds awkward imo it maintains ||ism- "...that is the earliest...and that.." and preserves the intended meaning
(B) together--and this has represented
(C) together, and it represents. "it" cannot refer to the act of excavating a 5,000-year-old wooden hull that eventually led to a major advance in blah blah
(D) together that was representing This is clearly out
(E) together to represent There's no intent/purpose
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Re: Archaeologists in Egypt have excavated a 5,000-year-old   [#permalink] 24 Jan 2016, 09:01
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