Archaeologists in Ireland believe that a recently discovered : GMAT Sentence Correction (SC)
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# Archaeologists in Ireland believe that a recently discovered

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Archaeologists in Ireland believe that a recently discovered [#permalink]

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13 Jul 2007, 08:37
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Archaeologists in Ireland believe that a recently discovered chalice, which dates from the eighth century, was probably buried to keep from being stolen by invaders.

(A) to keep from
(B) to keep it from
(C) to avoid
(D) in order that it would avoid
(E) in order to keep from
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Last edited by mau5 on 20 Sep 2013, 04:47, edited 1 time in total.
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13 Jul 2007, 09:13
my vote for C.

It sounds as if " to keep from " requires pronoun or noun between KEEP and FROM. However "IT" in B is unnecessary.
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Re: SC -116: to keep from/to avoid [#permalink]

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13 Jul 2007, 09:13
eyunni wrote:
116. Archaeologists in Ireland believe that a recently discovered chalice, which dates from the eighth century, was probably buried to keep from being stolen by invaders.
(A) to keep from
(B) to keep it from
(C) to avoid
(D) in order that it would avoid
(E) in order to keep from

The answer choice requires it. So, B and D survive. B is the best answer, short and to the point.
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13 Jul 2007, 09:42
chalice is singular hence usage of "to keep it from" is the right usage.

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13 Jul 2007, 10:20
vay wrote:
chalice is singular hence usage of "to keep it from" is the right usage.

But how can chalice being singular help eliminate C?
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Re: SC -116: to keep from/to avoid [#permalink]

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13 Jul 2007, 15:13
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Between B and C, B is my choice

B) ... a ... chalice, ..., was ... buried to keep it from being stolen ...

C) ...a ... chalice, ..., was ... buried to avoid being stolen...

Please note how effectively I got rid of irrelevant modifiers and other sentence parts(distractors); this helps isolate the problem.
Now, what is being stolen?; here, C is not just ambiguous, it is meaningless. We need a noun or pronoun to precede "being stolen"
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14 Jul 2007, 07:27
OA is B.
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Archaeologist in Ireland believe that [#permalink]

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24 Oct 2010, 19:30
Archaeologists in Ireland believe that a recently discovered chalice, which dates from the eighth century,
was probably buried to keep from being stolen by invaders.
(A) to keep from
(B) to keep it from
(C) to avoid
(D) in order that it would avoid
(E) in order to keep from
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Re: Archaeologist in Ireland believe that [#permalink]

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24 Oct 2010, 20:23
Options A, C & E are all awkward, not clearly referring to the chalice.

(D) in order that it would avoid

(B) to keep it from
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Re: Archaeologist in Ireland believe that [#permalink]

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24 Oct 2010, 21:08
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B.

A sounds as if chalice itself is keeping from being stolen.
C also sounds as if chalice itself is avoiding.
D unidiomatic and wordy
E redundant and wordy and same flaw in its meaning as A
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Re: Archaeologists in Ireland believe that a recently discovered [#permalink]

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12 Aug 2013, 18:32
A preposition always express relationship between two words .

(A) to keep from

To express the relation between Buried and Keep .

Now what relation dose FORM express ? its missing a word that would clarify the relation ship with "being stolen"

(B) to keep it from - 'it' helps to indicate which is being stolen

(C) to avoid

This option looks fine to me except it dose not conveys the authors intended meaning .

(D) in order that it would avoid
Grammatically this option is correct but changes the meaning . IT here clearly refers to "chalice" . Now a chalice is a non living thing how can it avoid some thing all by itself ? Dosent make sense .

(E) in order to keep from

E as in A repeats the same error .
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Re: Archaeologists in Ireland believe that a recently discovered [#permalink]

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20 Sep 2013, 09:35
Bumping for review and further discussion*.

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Re: Archaeologists in Ireland believe that a recently discovered [#permalink]

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07 Jan 2014, 08:28
eyunni wrote:
Archaeologists in Ireland believe that a recently discovered chalice, which dates from the eighth century, was probably buried to keep from being stolen by invaders.

(A) to keep from
(B) to keep it from
(C) to avoid
(D) in order that it would avoid
(E) in order to keep from

We need a pronoun, otherwise the sentence is ambiguous. B sounds better than E, so we go with B.
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Re: Archaeologists in Ireland believe that a recently discovered [#permalink]

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23 Jan 2015, 09:30
(C) to avoid
(D) in order that it would avoid

OA explanations for D and C are the same and GMAC reasons "This (option C and opt. D) suggests that the chalice acts to prevent its own theft.". I don't understand OA explanation. Please help to clarify!

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Re: Archaeologists in Ireland believe that a recently discovered [#permalink]

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03 Feb 2015, 07:57
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Beat720 wrote:
(C) to avoid
(D) in order that it would avoid

OA explanations for D and C are the same and GMAC reasons "This (option C and opt. D) suggests that the chalice acts to prevent its own theft.". I don't understand OA explanation. Please help to clarify!

Many thanks + kudos!

Let me take a swing at this one, as I'll try to keep this one as simple as possible

The problem with Choices C and D is that the way the sentences are structured, it sounds as if the chalice did all the work in digging itself.
Both choices, once they're respectively replaced into the original sentence, are followed by verbs. This makes it sound as if the chalice dug itself into hiding.

Choice C:

[The Chalice] was probably buried to avoid being stolen by invaders. --- There's nothing there to suggest that someone did the actual burying.
If it were said, "to avoid it from" --- We need the pronoun and the preposition to suggest that the burying was done by something other than the actual relic.

Choice D:

[The Chalice] was probably buried in order that it would avoid being stolen by invaders. --- "...it would avoid being stolen" suggests that the chalice is trying to nonsensically avoid from being stolen. That's just illogical, and probably spooky! We need to clearly show that the chalice was buried so that it would avoid from being stolen by some thief.

Hope that helped!
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Re: Archaeologists in Ireland believe that a recently discovered [#permalink]

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26 Sep 2015, 20:37
"being stolen" is a verb in a passive voice. All the verbs in the sentence have subjects, except the "being stolen" verb. Thus answer choice B is correct, which provides the verb with a subject in a concise way.
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Re: Archaeologists in Ireland believe that a recently discovered [#permalink]

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29 Sep 2016, 11:21
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Re: Archaeologists in Ireland believe that a recently discovered [#permalink]

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04 Jan 2017, 22:58
The OA is correct.

Option A: From the phrase to keep from being stolen, it cannot be understood what might be stolen.
Option B: Introducing the pronoun "it" (referring to "chalice") resolves the above issue.

Hence B is better than A.
Re: Archaeologists in Ireland believe that a recently discovered   [#permalink] 04 Jan 2017, 22:58
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