Archaeologists in Ireland believe that a recently discovered : GMAT Sentence Correction (SC)
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Archaeologists in Ireland believe that a recently discovered

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Archaeologists in Ireland believe that a recently discovered [#permalink]

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New post 13 Jul 2007, 08:37
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Archaeologists in Ireland believe that a recently discovered chalice, which dates from the eighth century, was probably buried to keep from being stolen by invaders.

(A) to keep from
(B) to keep it from
(C) to avoid
(D) in order that it would avoid
(E) in order to keep from
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Last edited by mau5 on 20 Sep 2013, 04:47, edited 1 time in total.
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New post 13 Jul 2007, 09:13
my vote for C.

It sounds as if " to keep from " requires pronoun or noun between KEEP and FROM. However "IT" in B is unnecessary.
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Re: SC -116: to keep from/to avoid [#permalink]

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New post 13 Jul 2007, 09:13
eyunni wrote:
116. Archaeologists in Ireland believe that a recently discovered chalice, which dates from the eighth century, was probably buried to keep from being stolen by invaders.
(A) to keep from
(B) to keep it from
(C) to avoid
(D) in order that it would avoid
(E) in order to keep from


The answer choice requires it. So, B and D survive. B is the best answer, short and to the point.
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New post 13 Jul 2007, 09:42
chalice is singular hence usage of "to keep it from" is the right usage.

My answer is B.
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New post 13 Jul 2007, 10:20
vay wrote:
chalice is singular hence usage of "to keep it from" is the right usage.

My answer is B.


But how can chalice being singular help eliminate C?
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Re: SC -116: to keep from/to avoid [#permalink]

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New post 13 Jul 2007, 15:13
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Between B and C, B is my choice


B) ... a ... chalice, ..., was ... buried to keep it from being stolen ...

C) ...a ... chalice, ..., was ... buried to avoid being stolen...

Please note how effectively I got rid of irrelevant modifiers and other sentence parts(distractors); this helps isolate the problem.
"to keep.." phrase is an adverbial phrase(answers the question Why?).
Now, what is being stolen?; here, C is not just ambiguous, it is meaningless. We need a noun or pronoun to precede "being stolen"
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New post 14 Jul 2007, 07:27
OA is B.
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Archaeologist in Ireland believe that [#permalink]

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New post 24 Oct 2010, 19:30
Archaeologists in Ireland believe that a recently discovered chalice, which dates from the eighth century,
was probably buried to keep from being stolen by invaders.
(A) to keep from
(B) to keep it from
(C) to avoid
(D) in order that it would avoid
(E) in order to keep from
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Re: Archaeologist in Ireland believe that [#permalink]

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New post 24 Oct 2010, 20:23
Options A, C & E are all awkward, not clearly referring to the chalice.

(D) in order that it would avoid
Badly formed.

(B) to keep it from
Correct Answer.
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Re: Archaeologist in Ireland believe that [#permalink]

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New post 24 Oct 2010, 21:08
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B.

A sounds as if chalice itself is keeping from being stolen.
C also sounds as if chalice itself is avoiding.
D unidiomatic and wordy
E redundant and wordy and same flaw in its meaning as A
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Re: Archaeologists in Ireland believe that a recently discovered [#permalink]

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New post 12 Aug 2013, 18:32
A preposition always express relationship between two words .

(A) to keep from

To express the relation between Buried and Keep .

Now what relation dose FORM express ? its missing a word that would clarify the relation ship with "being stolen"

(B) to keep it from - 'it' helps to indicate which is being stolen

(C) to avoid

This option looks fine to me except it dose not conveys the authors intended meaning .

(D) in order that it would avoid
Grammatically this option is correct but changes the meaning . IT here clearly refers to "chalice" . Now a chalice is a non living thing how can it avoid some thing all by itself ? Dosent make sense .

(E) in order to keep from

E as in A repeats the same error .
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Re: Archaeologists in Ireland believe that a recently discovered [#permalink]

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New post 20 Sep 2013, 09:35
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Re: Archaeologists in Ireland believe that a recently discovered [#permalink]

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New post 07 Jan 2014, 08:28
eyunni wrote:
Archaeologists in Ireland believe that a recently discovered chalice, which dates from the eighth century, was probably buried to keep from being stolen by invaders.

(A) to keep from
(B) to keep it from
(C) to avoid
(D) in order that it would avoid
(E) in order to keep from


We need a pronoun, otherwise the sentence is ambiguous. B sounds better than E, so we go with B.
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Re: Archaeologists in Ireland believe that a recently discovered [#permalink]

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New post 23 Jan 2015, 09:30
(C) to avoid
(D) in order that it would avoid

OA explanations for D and C are the same and GMAC reasons "This (option C and opt. D) suggests that the chalice acts to prevent its own theft.". I don't understand OA explanation. Please help to clarify!

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Re: Archaeologists in Ireland believe that a recently discovered [#permalink]

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Beat720 wrote:
(C) to avoid
(D) in order that it would avoid

OA explanations for D and C are the same and GMAC reasons "This (option C and opt. D) suggests that the chalice acts to prevent its own theft.". I don't understand OA explanation. Please help to clarify!

Many thanks + kudos!

Let me take a swing at this one, as I'll try to keep this one as simple as possible :)

The problem with Choices C and D is that the way the sentences are structured, it sounds as if the chalice did all the work in digging itself.
Both choices, once they're respectively replaced into the original sentence, are followed by verbs. This makes it sound as if the chalice dug itself into hiding.

Choice C:

[The Chalice] was probably buried to avoid being stolen by invaders. --- There's nothing there to suggest that someone did the actual burying.
If it were said, "to avoid it from" --- We need the pronoun and the preposition to suggest that the burying was done by something other than the actual relic.

Choice D:

[The Chalice] was probably buried in order that it would avoid being stolen by invaders. --- "...it would avoid being stolen" suggests that the chalice is trying to nonsensically avoid from being stolen. That's just illogical, and probably spooky! :) We need to clearly show that the chalice was buried so that it would avoid from being stolen by some thief.

Hope that helped!
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Re: Archaeologists in Ireland believe that a recently discovered [#permalink]

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New post 26 Sep 2015, 20:37
"being stolen" is a verb in a passive voice. All the verbs in the sentence have subjects, except the "being stolen" verb. Thus answer choice B is correct, which provides the verb with a subject in a concise way.
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Re: Archaeologists in Ireland believe that a recently discovered [#permalink]

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New post 29 Sep 2016, 11:21
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

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Re: Archaeologists in Ireland believe that a recently discovered   [#permalink] 29 Sep 2016, 11:21
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