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If the artificial is not better than the natural, to what end are all the arts of life?
To dig, to plow, to build, to wear clothes—all are direct violations of the injunction to follow nature.
Which one of the following is an assumption made by the author of the passage?
(A) The arts of life have no useful end.
(B) The artificial is not better than the natural.
(C) Digging, plowing, building, and wearing clothes are better than nature.
(D) The injunction to follow nature should not be violated.
(E) The arts of life are indirect means of following nature.
If the author’s argument were challenged on the grounds that the construction of buildings has adverse effects on the natural environment, which of the following replies might the author use to respond to the challenge logically?
(A) There are human activities, such as making music, that are
(B) Harming the environment is not an end, or purpose, of the arts of life.
(C) The construction could involve the use of natural, not artificial, materials.
(D) Constructing buildings is not an “art of life.”
(E) Even if the natural environment is disturbed by the construction of buildings, it is improved for human use.
Please explain if you can.
From the second sentence it appears that author says the arts of life are the means to follow nature, as he argue the artificial better than the natural.
2. Ans E
From the inferrence of 1st reasoning, it can be withdrawn that the author believes artificial such as construction is better than natural as it is meant to improved the human lifestyle, irrespective of harming the nature.